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9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-151.7kcal/molChydRogers, Hoyte, et al., 1978 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus266.4KN/ABrown and Frankel, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
Tfus266.2KN/ABrown and Frankel, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
502.70.021Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

2Hydrogen + 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)- = Octadecanoic acid

By formula: 2H2 + C18H32O2 = C18H36O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-60.80 ± 0.36kcal/molChydRogers, Hoyte, et al., 1978liquid phase; solvent: Hexane

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COBLENTZ SOCIETY
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin STANDARD OIL OF OHIO
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 10104
Date 1976/12/20
Name(s) (9Z,12Z)-9,12-octadecadienoic acid
LINOLEIC ACID
State LIQUID (NEAT)
Instrument PERKIN-ELMER 180 (GRATING)
Instrument parameters GRATING CHANGES AT 2000, 1000, 500, 250 CM-1
Path length CAPILLARY, KBr CRYSTALS
Resolution 4
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY NIST FROM HARD COPY (FROM TWO SEGMENTS)

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 623
NIST MS number 229327

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS2134.Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS2140.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-52130.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-52131.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2095.2Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2104.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2144.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2170.Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2095.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006H2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2095.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006, 225. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-52173.Alves, Pinto, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min, 270. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySE-302156.Tundis, Passalacqua, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 16. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-52126.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52159.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOptima 52114.Chosson, Vérité, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS2130.Lalel, Singh, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 310. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-52152.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2113.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2113.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryUltra-12106.Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2112.Montanarella, Bos, et al., 1986N2, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 295. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS2145.8Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS2179.Sandoval-Montemayor, Garcia, et al., 201225. m/0.20 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2113.Xu, Han, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2147.Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS2128.Stojanovic, RAdulovic, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2136.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2133.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-12109.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2135.Kim and Chung, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2136.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2113.Xu, Han, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS2154.Zhao, Zeng, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-1012111.Blazevic and Mastelic, 200825. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-1012130.Blazevic and Mastelic, 200825. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2146.Szarka, Hethelyi, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 7. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2144.Ferhat, Meklati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS2156.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-52136.Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-52122.Miyazawa and Kawata, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS2156.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillarySPB-52132.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-52150.Saeidnia, Gohari, et al., 2005He, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-12107.Wong and Tan, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-52128.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52130.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52131.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-52140.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-52123.Miyazawa, Fuhita, et al., 2004Helium, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 999. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52123.Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2004Helium, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 999. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52119.Senatore, Rigano, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-12107.Lopes, Koketsu, et al., 199925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryOV-1012125.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1012125.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-12130.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS2104.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS2097.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryDB-12125.Mendes, Trindade, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-52130.Nivinsliene, Butkiene, et al., 200750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-52152.Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-52118.Yasar, Üçüncü, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 120C (2min) => 2C/min => 200C (2min) => 3C/min => 320C
Capillary 2115.El-Shazily, Hafez, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryUltra-12105.Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTC-Wax3215.Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 47. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-Wax3168.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax3157.Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax3157.Noorizadeh and Farmany, 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax3160.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax3176.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Rogers, Hoyte, et al., 1978
Rogers, D.W.; Hoyte, O.P.A.; Ho, R.K.C., Heats of hydrogenation of large molecules. Part 2. Six unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1, 1978, 74, 46-52. [all data]

Brown and Frankel, 1938
Brown, J.B.; Frankel, J., Studies on the chemistry of the fatty acids: III. the properties of linoleic acids prepared by debromination and by low temperature crystallization, with a proposed method of quantitative estimation., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 54. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 2005
Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 1, 17-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1758 . [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 2006
Vujisic L.; Vuckovic I.; Tesevic V.; Dokovic D.; Ristic M.S.; Janackovic P.; Milosavljevic S., Comparative examination of the essential oils of Anthemis ruthenica and A-arvensis wild-growing in Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 458-461, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1681 . [all data]

Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Secondary metabolites from Ganoderma lucidum and Spongiporus leucomallellus, Phytochemistry, 2006, 67, 2, 202-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.10.025 . [all data]

Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006, 2
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of three wood-rotting fungi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 813-816, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1732 . [all data]

Alves, Pinto, et al., 2005
Alves, R.J.V.; Pinto, A.C.; da Costa, A.V.M.; Rezende, C.M., Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. (Rhamnaceae) and the chemical composition of its floral fecal odor, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2005, 16, 3B, 654-656, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532005000400027 . [all data]

Tundis, Passalacqua, et al., 2005
Tundis, R.; Passalacqua, N.G.; Peruzzi, L.; Statti, G.A.; Bonesi, M.; Loizzo, M.R.; Conforti, F.; Cesca, G.; Menichini, F., Comparative chemical variability of the non-polar extracts from Senecio cineraria group (Asteraceae), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 10, 1071-1076, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.02.009 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Characteristic Volatiles from Young and Aged Fruiting Bodies of Wild Polyporus sulfureus (Bull.:Fr.) Fr., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 11, 4524-4528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0478511 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Sarkarzadeh, H.; Jamalian, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Anthemis altissima L. grown in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 213-216, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1277 . [all data]

Chosson, Vérité, et al., 2003
Chosson, E.; Vérité, P.; Blanckaert, A.; Seguin, E.; Litaudon, M.; Sévenet, T., Non polar compounds from the bark of Sarcomelicope follicularis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 10, 1185-1188, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00065-6 . [all data]

Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003
Lalel, H.J.D.; Singh, Z.; Chye Tan, S., Glycosidically-bound aroma volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit at different stages of maturity, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2003, 29, 2, 205-218, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00250-8 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 18, 5146-5148, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0116303 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 2
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Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 1998
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Notes

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