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Anthracene, 9-phenyl-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil690.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus427.6KN/AFarrell and Shahidi, 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
Tfus425.KN/ABradsher and Webster, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tfus423.KN/ABradsher and Webster, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
91.6398.GCLei, Chankalal, et al., 2002Based on data from 323. - 473. K.; AC
86.2450.N/ADykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999Based on data from 435. - 513. K. See also Shieh and Gregory, 1974.; AC
84.4445.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 430. - 510. K.; AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
118.7383.GSNass, Lenoir, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 453. K.; AC
119.7352. - 395.TEShieh and Gregory, 1974AC
115.3368.N/AKlochkov, 1958Based on data from 353. - 426. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Maleic anhydride + Anthracene, 9-phenyl- = C24H16O3

By formula: C4H2O3 + C20H14 = C24H16O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-427.2kJ/molEqkLenz, Hegedus, et al., 1982liquid phase; solvent: 1,2,4-C6H3Cl3

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.25PEJongsma, Vermeer, et al., 1975Vertical value
7.25PESchafer, Schweig, et al., 1972Vertical value

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-3213
NIST MS number 229290

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Hirshberg, 1948
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 741
Instrument Zeiss spectrograph

Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-522374.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5394.37Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-52396.38Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS406.47Wang, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 258C => 2C/min => 300C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS406.47Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS406.90Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101395.5Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52396.05Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52396.38Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Farrell and Shahidi, 1979
Farrell, P.G.; Shahidi, F., DSC studies of aromatic hydrocarbon picrates, Thermochim. Acta, 1979, 33, 275. [all data]

Bradsher and Webster, 1957
Bradsher, C.K.; Webster, S.T., A New Base-catalyzed Cyclization Reaction, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 393-5. [all data]

Lei, Chankalal, et al., 2002
Lei, Ying Duan; Chankalal, Raymond; Chan, Anita; Wania, Frank, Supercooled Liquid Vapor Pressures of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2002, 47, 4, 801-806, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0155148 . [all data]

Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999
Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.L.; Hall, K.R., Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Part A. Vapor Pressure and Antoine Constants for Hydrocarbons and Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Hydrogen Containing Organic Compounds, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 373. [all data]

Shieh and Gregory, 1974
Shieh, Chyi-Feng; Gregory, Norman W., Vaporization characteristics of 9-phenylanthracene, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1974, 19, 1, 11-14, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60060a024 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Nass, Lenoir, et al., 1995
Nass, Karen; Lenoir, Dieter; Kettrup, Antonius, Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by an Incremental Procedure, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1995, 34, 16, 1735-1736, https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.199517351 . [all data]

Klochkov, 1958
Klochkov, V.P., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1958, 32, 1177. [all data]

Lenz, Hegedus, et al., 1982
Lenz, T.G.; Hegedus, L.S.; Vaughan, J.D., Liquid phase thermochemical energy conversion systems - an application of Diels-Alder chemistry, Int. J. Energy Res., 1982, 6, 357-365. [all data]

Jongsma, Vermeer, et al., 1975
Jongsma, C.; Vermeer, H.; Bickelhaupt, F.; Schafer, W.; Schweig, A., 10-methyl-9-phosphaanthracene, Tetrahedron, 1975, 31, 2931. [all data]

Schafer, Schweig, et al., 1972
Schafer, W.; Schweig, A.; Bickelhaupt, F.; Vermeer, H., Photoelectron spectroscopy and conjugation. Direct proof of the unusual sequence of the two highest occupied «pi»-molecular orbitals in the phosphorin (phosphabenzene) and the arsenin (arsabenzene) system, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1972, 11, 924. [all data]

Hirshberg, 1948
Hirshberg, Y., The absorption spectra of phenylated anthracenes, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1948, 44, 285-289. [all data]

Beernaert, 1979
Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 173, 1, 109-118, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80450-7 . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]

Wang, Li, et al., 2007
Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Yang, C., Identification, characterization and quantitation of pyrogenic polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons and other organic compounds in tire fire products, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1139, 1, 14-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.10.085 . [all data]

Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 2
Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Brown, C.E.; Yang, C.; Hollebone, B.P., Identification and characterization of polycyclic aromatic compounds in tire fire products and differentiation of pyrogenic PAHs from petrogenic PAHs in Proceedings of the 30th Arctic and Marine Oilspill (AMOP) Technical Seminar. Vol.1, 2007, 61-85. [all data]

Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986
Tucminen, A.; Wickstrom, K.; Pyysalo, H., Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds by GLC-Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Technique, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 8, 469-471, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090813 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References