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Phenylethyl Alcohol

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5MSHP-5MSDB-5DB-Petro
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 60.40.35.40.50.
Tend (C) 240.200.225.265.270.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.7.2.
Initial hold (min)  1.5.  
Final hold (min)  10.30.5. 
I 1117.1060.1139.1120.1082.4
ReferenceBaccouri, Ben Temime, et al., 2007Cho I.H., Lee S.M., et al., 2007Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 2007Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 2007Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-PetroHP-101HP-101HP-5DB-5MS
Column length (m) 50.25.25.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeliumHeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.200.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.200.20.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.70.70.50.40.
Tend (C) 270.200.200.250.285.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.3.4.4.3
Initial hold (min)  2.2.4. 
Final hold (min)  15.15.10. 
I 1083.71144.1149.1114.1112.
ReferencePang T., Zhu S., et al., 2007Politeo, Jukic, et al., 2007Politeo, Jukic, et al., 2007, 2Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007Radulovic, Misic, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5HP-5MSDB-5MS
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.240.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.40.40.80.40.
Tend (C) 200.240.240.300.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.6.6.4.4.
Initial hold (min)  2.2. 1.
Final hold (min) 60.10.10. 10.
I 1141.1110.1117.1118.41060.
ReferenceRout, Rao, et al., 2007Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 2007Steinhaus and Schieberle, 2007Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007Cho, Kim, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase VF-5MSCP Sil 8 CBDB-1DB-5MSHP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.50.25.30.30.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.330.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.50.40.80.
Tend (C) 250.220.300.200.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.4.4.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.5. 5. 
Final hold (min)  30. 45. 
I 1129.1108.1139.1135.1116.3
ReferenceGilley, DeGrandi-Hoffman, et al., 2006Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006Whetstine M.E.C., Drake M.A., et al., 2006Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-5MSBPX-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.40.50.60.
Tend (C) 250.260.200.300.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.10.10.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.3.3.5.2.
Final hold (min) 10. 20. 20.
I 1120.1110.1150.1130.1114.
ReferenceZhao J.Y., Liu J.M., et al., 2006Zhao, Wang X.Y., et al., 2006Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 2005Dickschat J.S., Wagner-Dobler I., et al., 2005Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-5HP-5MSHP-5MSHP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.80.80.80.
Tend (C) 200.250.290.290.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.5.2.4.6.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.   
Final hold (min) 20.5.   
I 1150.1088.1115.11116.21116.8
ReferenceWhetstine, Cadwallader, et al., 2005Wu, Zorn, et al., 2005Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BPX-5HP-5ZB-5SPB-5SPB-5
Column length (m) 25.30.0.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.50.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 300.290.265.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.4.7.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.  2.2.
Final hold (min)   5.20.20.
I 1125.1113.1100.1110.1111.
ReferenceDickschat, Wenzel, et al., 2004Flach A., Dondon R.C., et al., 2004Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-1HP-5HP-1HP-1HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.50.50.30.
Carrier gas N2 HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.20.20.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.10.330.330.25
Tstart (C) 60.-30.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 220.250.250.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.10.2.2.5.
Initial hold (min)  1.5.5.10.
Final hold (min) 13.5.20.20. 
I 1084.1113.1086.1080.1111.
ReferenceRaina, Kumar, et al., 2004Siegmund and Murkovic, 2004Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PE-5HP-5MSCP Sil 5 CBDB-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.40.60.
Tend (C) 280.310.280.325.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  1.10.  
Final hold (min)  20.60.  
I 1112.1116.1080.1076.21113.
ReferenceIsidorov and Vinogorova, 2003Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003Pino, Almora, et al., 2003Sun and Stremple, 2003Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5SPB-5CP Sil 5 CBDB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.50.30.
Carrier gas N2 HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.40.25
Tstart (C) 60.35.60.60.40.
Tend (C) 220.200.250.280.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.10.4.3.10.
Initial hold (min) 10.5.2.10.5.
Final hold (min)  30.20.60.30.
I 1113.1114.1110.1081.1116.
ReferenceFlamini, Cioni, et al., 2002, 2Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 2Wu and Cadwallader, 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5MSHP-5MSDB-5CP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 15.30.30.30.50.
Carrier gas  HeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.250.4
Tstart (C) 30.40.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 225.200.200.240.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.2.2.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.5. 10.
Final hold (min) 20.20.20. 60.
I 1102.1114.1109.1109.1081.
ReferenceZhou, Wintersteen, et al., 2002Kim, Shin, et al., 2001Kim, Shin, et al., 2001Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001Pino and Marbot, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 5 CBHP-5SE-54SE-54DB-5
Column length (m) 50.30.25.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHe  H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.310.310.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.4   1.
Tstart (C) 60.50.35.35.40.
Tend (C) 280.200.230.230.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.4.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 10.1.3.3. 
Final hold (min) 60. 10.10. 
I 1081.1121.1069.111069.741127.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2001Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001Yin, Xiu, et al., 2001Yin, Xiu, et al., 2001Moio, Piombino, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-1DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas H2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.2480.2480.248
Phase thickness (mum) 0.255.0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.35.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.270.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.10.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min)  1.   
Final hold (min)      
I 1107.1105.1090.1090.1091.
ReferenceChassagne, Boulanger, et al., 1999Bartelt, 1997Lee, DeMilo, et al., 1997Lee, DeMilo, et al., 1997Lee, DeMilo, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.25.25.30.
Carrier gas HeH2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.260.250.20.20.248
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.110.110.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 225.220.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min)  3.  5.
Final hold (min) 20.    
I 1109.1111.1089.1089.1079.
ReferenceSagrero-Nieves, Bartley, et al., 1997Sakho, Chassagne, et al., 1997Warthen, Lee, et al., 1997Warthen, Lee, et al., 1997DeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1DB-1SPB-1OV-101
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.15.
Carrier gas HeN2N2He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2480.320.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 50.150.150.50.35.
Tend (C) 250.280.280.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.5.6.
Initial hold (min) 5.  5.3.
Final hold (min)      
I 1080.1086.1086.1081.1086.
ReferenceDeMilo, Lee, et al., 1996Coen, Engel, et al., 1995Coen, Engel, et al., 1995Lee, DeMilo, et al., 1995Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 15.15.15.15.15.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 35.35.35.35.35.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.6.6.6.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.3.3.3.
Final hold (min)      
I 1075.1080.1080.1080.1080.
ReferenceChisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101DB-1SPB-1SE-30
Column length (m) 15.15.60.15.22.
Carrier gas   HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.30
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.251.0
Tstart (C) 35.35.40.35.60.
Tend (C) 250.250.280.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.2.6.2.
Initial hold (min) 3.3.3.3. 
Final hold (min)   10.  
I 1083.1083.1102.1083.1078.
ReferenceChisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994Adedeji, Hartman, et al., 1992Chisholm and Samuels, 1992de Frutos, Sanz, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SE-54DB-1DB-1BP-1
Column length (m) 50.25.30.30.12.
Carrier gas HeHe  H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 1.050.15   
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.50.40.
Tend (C) 260.280.300.300.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.5.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min)  1.  2.
Final hold (min) 40.15.  75.
I 1090.1104.01079.81080.41078.
ReferenceWu, Kuo, et al., 1991Shapi and Hesso, 1990Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5SE-30SE-30CP Sil 5 CBCP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m) 0.3225.25.26.26.
Carrier gas H2N2N2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 1.0.330.330.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)    1.251.25
Tstart (C) 30.100.50.100.100.
Tend (C) 180.  250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.56.10.10.10.
Initial hold (min) 5.    
Final hold (min)      
I 1119.1092.1100.1095.1097.
ReferenceGuichard and Souty, 1988Korhonen, 1986Korhonen, 1986Halket and Schulten, 1985Halket and Schulten, 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 183.183.
Carrier gas  N2
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.762 
Phase thickness (mum)   
Tstart (C) 0.0.
Tend (C) 230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.1.
Initial hold (min)   
Final hold (min)   
I 1096.1096.
ReferenceSchreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1976, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Baccouri, Ben Temime, et al., 2007
Baccouri, B.; Ben Temime, S.; Campeol, E.; Cioni, P.L.; Daoud, D.; Zarrouk, M., Application of solid-phase microextraction to the analysis of volatile compounds in virgin olive oils from five new cultivars, Food Chem., 2007, 102, 3, 850-856, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.012 . [all data]

Cho I.H., Lee S.M., et al., 2007
Cho I.H.; Lee S.M.; Kim S.Y.; Choi H.K.; Kim K.O.; Kim Y.S., Differentiation of aroma characteristics of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) of different grades using gas chromatography-olfactometry and sensory analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 6, 2323-2328, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062702z . [all data]

Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 2007
Jarunrattanasri, A.; Theerakulkait, C.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma Components of Acid-Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein Made by Partial Hydrolysis of Rice Bran Protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3044-3050, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631474 . [all data]

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Mahattanatawee K.; Perez-Cacho P.R.; Davenport T.; Rouseff R., Comparison of three lychee cultivar odor profiles using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-sulfur detection, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1939-1944, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062925p . [all data]

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Politeo, Jukic, et al., 2007
Politeo, O.; Jukic, M.; Milos, M., Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Free Volatile Aglycones from Laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) Compared to Its Essential Oil, Croatica Chem. Acta, 2007, 80, 1, 121-126. [all data]

Politeo, Jukic, et al., 2007, 2
Politeo, O.; Jukic, M.; Milos, M., Chemical composition and antioxidant capacity of free volatile aglycones from basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) compared with its essential oil, Food Chem., 2007, 101, 1, 379-385, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.01.045 . [all data]

Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007
Quijano, C.E.; Salamanca, G.; Pino, J.A., Aroma volatile constituents of Colombian varieties of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 401-406, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1812 . [all data]

Radulovic, Misic, et al., 2007
Radulovic, N.; Misic, M.; Aleksic, J.; Dokovic, D.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G., Antimicrobial synergism and antagonism of salicylaldehyde in Filipendula vulgaris essential oil, Fitoterapia, 2007, 78, 7-8, 565-570, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2007.03.022 . [all data]

Rout, Rao, et al., 2007
Rout, P.K.; Rao, Y.R.; Sree., A.; Naik, S.N., Composition of essential oil, concrete, absolute, wax and headspace volatiles of Murrarya paniculata (Linn.) Jack flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 352-357, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1804 . [all data]

Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 2007
Scheidig, C.; Czerny, M.; Schieberle, P., Changes in Key Odorants of Raw Coffee Beans during Storage under Defined Conditions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 14, 5768-5775, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070488o . [all data]

Steinhaus and Schieberle, 2007
Steinhaus, P.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the key aroma compounds in soy sauce using approaches of molecular sensory science, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 15, 6262-6269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0709092 . [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022 . [all data]

Cho, Kim, et al., 2006
Cho, I.H.; Kim, S.Y.; Choi, H.-K.; Kim, Y.-S., Characterization of Aroma-Active Compounds in Raw and Cooked Pine-Mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6332-6335, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060824l . [all data]

Gilley, DeGrandi-Hoffman, et al., 2006
Gilley, D.C.; DeGrandi-Hoffman, G.; Hooper, J.E., Volatile compounds emitted by live European honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queens, Journal of Insect Physiology, 2006, 52, 5, 520-527, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2006.01.014 . [all data]

Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
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Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006
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Whetstine M.E.C., Drake M.A., et al., 2006
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Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Zhao J.Y., Liu J.M., et al., 2006
Zhao J.Y.; Liu J.M.; Zhang X.Y.; Liu Z.J.; Tsering T.; Zhong Y.; Nan P., Chemical composition of the volatiles of three wild Bergenia species from western China, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 431-434, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1689 . [all data]

Zhao, Wang X.Y., et al., 2006
Zhao, Y.P.; Wang X.Y.; Wang, Z.C.; Lu Y.; Fu, C.X.; Chen, S.Y., Essential oil of Actinidia macrosperma, a catnip response kiwi endemic to China, Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B, 2006, 7, 9, 708-712, https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.B0708 . [all data]

Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 2005
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Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References