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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil450. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 18 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus198.65KN/AGomes, Serrano, et al., 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Δvap49.5kJ/molN/AClara, Marigliano, et al., 2009Based on data from 326. - 445. K.; AC
Δvap49.6kJ/molGCHoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 2005Based on data from 313. - 413. K.; AC
Δvap49.9kJ/molGCvan Roon, Parsons, et al., 2002AC
Δvap49.6kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 373. - 423. K.; AC
Δvap48.9 ± 0.1kJ/molCAtik, Saito, et al., 1987AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
46.1 ± 0.2350.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 339. - 495. K.; AC
43.5 ± 0.2390.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 339. - 495. K.; AC
40.9 ± 0.3430.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 339. - 495. K.; AC
37.9 ± 0.6470.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 2002Based on data from 339. - 495. K.; AC
49.2300.N/AEspinosa Diaz, Guetachew, et al., 1999Based on data from 250. - 434. K.; AC
44.5302.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 287. - 448. K.; AC
47.7303.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 288. - 323. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

ΔfusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
11.38199.2Gallis, van den Berg, et al., 1996See also Gallis, van den Berg, et al., 1996.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gomes, Serrano, et al., 1988
Gomes, A.; Serrano, L.; Fareio, F., Solid-Liquid Equilibria in 1,8-Cineole/TErpenic Hydrocarbon Systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1988, 33, 194. [all data]

Clara, Marigliano, et al., 2009
Clara, Rene A.; Marigliano, Ana C. Gomez; Solimo, Horacio N., Density, Viscosity, and Refractive Index in the Range (283.15 to 353.15) K and Vapor Pressure of α-Pinene, d -Limonene, (±)-Linalool, and Citral Over the Pressure Range 1.0 kPa Atmospheric Pressure, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2009, 54, 3, 1087-1090, https://doi.org/10.1021/je8007414 . [all data]

Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 2005
Hoskovec, Michal; Grygarová, Dana; Cvacka, Josef; Streinz, Ludvík; Zima, Jirí; Verevkin, Sergey P.; Koutek, Bohumír, Determining the vapour pressures of plant volatiles from gas chromatographic retention data, Journal of Chromatography A, 2005, 1083, 1-2, 161-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.06.006 . [all data]

van Roon, Parsons, et al., 2002
van Roon, André; Parsons, John R.; Govers, Harrie A.J., Gas chromatographic determination of vapour pressure and related thermodynamic properties of monoterpenes and biogenically related compounds, Journal of Chromatography A, 2002, 955, 1, 105-115, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00200-5 . [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Atik, Saito, et al., 1987
Atik, Zadjia; Saito, Yoshihiro; Kusano, Kazuhito, Thermodynamic properties of liquid enantiomers I. Enthalpies of vaporization of fenchones, α-methylbenzylamines, and limonenes at 298.15 K, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1987, 19, 1, 99-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(87)90167-4 . [all data]

Steele, Chirico, et al., 2002
Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Cowell, A.B.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A., Thermodynamic Properties and Ideal-Gas Enthalpies of Formation for Methyl Benzoate, Ethyl Benzoate, ( R )-(+)-Limonene, tert -Amyl Methyl Ether, trans -Crotonaldehyde, and Diethylene Glycol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2002, 47, 4, 667-688, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0100847 . [all data]

Espinosa Diaz, Guetachew, et al., 1999
Espinosa Diaz, M.A.; Guetachew, T.; Landy, P.; Jose, J.; Voilley, A., Experimental and estimated saturated vapour pressures of aroma compounds, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1999, 157, 2, 257-270, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(99)00016-3 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Gallis, van den Berg, et al., 1996
Gallis, H.E.; van den Berg, G.J.K.; Oonk, H.A.J., Thermodynamic Properties of Crystalline d -Limonene Determined by Adiabatic Calorimetry, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 6, 1303-1306, https://doi.org/10.1021/je960094l . [all data]


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