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2-Butanol, 3-methyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-316.4 ± 1.8kJ/molEqkConnett, 1970ALS
Deltafgas-313.1kJ/molN/AChao and Rossini, 1965Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -366.6±0.7 kj/mol from Chao and Rossini, 1965 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 53.5 kj/mol from Connett, 1970.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas388.6 ± 3.8J/mol*KN/AConnett, 1970This value was obtained from equilibrium study.; GT

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-369.9 ± 1.4kJ/molEqkConnett, 1970ALS
Deltafliquid-366.6 ± 0.71kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3315.1 ± 0.63kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -367.4 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
245.9298.15Atrashenok, Nesterov, et al., 1991T = 218 to 373 K. Cp(liq) = 4.81853 - 3.12708(T/100) + 0.182356(T/100)2 + 0.484126(T/100)3 - 0.0905712(T/100)4 kJ/kg*K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil385. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 23 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple131.5KN/AZubkov, Peshenko, et al., 1990Glass phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc556.1 ± 0.5KN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Tc556.1KN/AQuadri, Khilar, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc38.7 ± 0.2barN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Pc38.70barN/AQuadri, Khilar, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap53.03kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap51.6 ± 0.3kJ/molGSKulikov, Verevkin, et al., 2001Based on data from 280. - 301. K.; AC
Deltavap53.5 ± 0.4kJ/molVConnett, 1970ALS
Deltavap51.7kJ/molCMcCurdy and Laidler, 1963AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
49.0295.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 280. - 375. K.; AC
46.4308.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 385. K.; AC
52.7313.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 298. - 384. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C5H11O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Butanol, 3-methyl-

By formula: C5H11O- + H+ = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1559. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1561. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1532. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1533. ± 11.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

2-Butanol, 3-methyl- = Hydrogen + 2-Butanone, 3-methyl-

By formula: C5H12O = H2 + C5H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.8 ± 1.6kJ/molEqkConnett, 1970gas phase; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

View reactions leading to C5H12O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.75 ± 0.05EIGeorge and Holmes, 1990LL
10.01 ± 0.07EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C2H4O+10.1 ± 0.1C3H8EIGeorge and Holmes, 1990LL
C2H5O+10.1 ± 0.05C3H7EIGeorge and Holmes, 1990LL
C2H5O+10.092-C3H7EIHolmes, Lossing, et al., 1988LL
C4H8O+10.0 ± 0.1CH4EIGeorge and Holmes, 1990LL
C4H9O+9.90 ± 0.05CH3EIGeorge and Holmes, 1990LL

De-protonation reactions

C5H11O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Butanol, 3-methyl-

By formula: C5H11O- + H+ = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1559. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1561. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1532. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1533. ± 11.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1316
NIST MS number 233629

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.683.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-3060.683.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-3080.668.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-30100.683.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.690.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.699.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3060.683.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.668.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30100.683.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.690.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.699.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3060.683.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.668.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedSE-30150.670.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedApiezon L120.652.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.656.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30100.672.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351100.1108.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1100.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1094.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351100.1108.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1100.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1094.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1090.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30663.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS692.1Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1124.Liu, Yang, et al., 2001H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-3511079.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101094.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryFFAP1118.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1664.Rapior, Breheret, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5700.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101671.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101675.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone666.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30671.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane666.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone666.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes675.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.646.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.663.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTC-Wax1083.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1089.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1100.Pollak and Berger, 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 25. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1089.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1091.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Connett, 1970
Connett, J.E., Chemical equilibria. Part III. Dehydrogenation of pentan-1-ol, pentan-2-ol, and 3-methylbutan-2-ol, J. Chem. Soc. A, 1970, 1284-1286. [all data]

Chao and Rossini, 1965
Chao, J.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion, formation, and isomerization of nineteen alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1965, 10, 374-379. [all data]

Atrashenok, Nesterov, et al., 1991
Atrashenok, T.R.; Nesterov, N.A.; Zhuk, I.P.; Peshchenko, A.D., Measured specific heats of hexan-1-ol and 3-methyl-2-butanol over wide temperature ranges, Inzh.-Fiz. Zh., 1991, 61(2), 301-304. [all data]

Zubkov, Peshenko, et al., 1990
Zubkov, V.I.; Peshenko, A.D.; Markovnik, V.S., Thermodynamic properties of 3-methyl-2-butanol and 3,3-dimethyl-2-butanol in Vses. Konf. Term. Org. Soedin. 6th, Minsk, p 46, 1990. [all data]

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Quadri, Khilar, et al., 1991
Quadri, S.K.; Khilar, K.C.; Kudchadker, A.P.; Patni, M.J., Measurement of the critical temperatures and critical pressures of some thermally stable or mildly unstable alkanols, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1991, 23, 67-76. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Kulikov, Verevkin, et al., 2001
Kulikov, Dmitry; Verevkin, Sergey P.; Heintz, Andreas, Determination of Vapor Pressures and Vaporization Enthalpies of the Aliphatic Branched C 5 and C 6 Alcohols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 6, 1593-1600, https://doi.org/10.1021/je010187p . [all data]

McCurdy and Laidler, 1963
McCurdy, K.G.; Laidler, K.J., HEATS OF VAPORIZATION OF A SERIES OF ALIPHATIC ALCOHOLS, Can. J. Chem., 1963, 41, 8, 1867-1871, https://doi.org/10.1139/v63-274 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Haas and Harrison, 1993
Haas, M.J.; Harrison, A.G., The Fragmentation of Proton-Bound Cluster Ions and the Gas-Phase Acidities of Alcohols, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1993, 124, 2, 115, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(93)80003-W . [all data]

Boand, Houriet, et al., 1983
Boand, G.; Houriet, R.; Baumann, T., The gas phase acidity of aliphatic alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2203. [all data]

George and Holmes, 1990
George, M.; Holmes, J.L., Intermediate ion structures in the fragmentation of metastable 3-methylbutan-2-ol radical cations, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1990, 25, 605. [all data]

Bowen and Maccoll, 1984
Bowen, R.D.; Maccoll, A., Low energy, low temperature mass spectra, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1984, 19, 379. [all data]

Holmes, Lossing, et al., 1988
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P.; Maccoll, A., Heats of formation of alkyl radicals from appearance energies, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 7339. [all data]

Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989
Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 1-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94099-8 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatography of homologous esters. XXIX. Propanoyl and monochlorpropanoyl esters of lower saturated branched-chain and unsaturated alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 343-353, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81333-9 . [all data]

Haken, Madden, et al., 1985
Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 325, 61-73, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96008-4 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Korhonen, 1984
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Analyses. XXV. Branched-Chain C3-C5 Alkyl Esters of Halogenated Acetic Acids, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 288, 51-69, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93681-7 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Liu, Yang, et al., 2001
Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 15, 1547-1552, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.978 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Yasuhara, 1987
Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 387, 371-378, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94539-X . [all data]

Rapior, Breheret, et al., 1997
Rapior, S.; Breheret, S.; Talou, T.; Bessiére, J.-M., Volatile flavor constituents of fresh Marasmius alliaceus (garlic Marasmius), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 820-825, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960511y . [all data]

Larsen and Frisvad, 1995
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Notes

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