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Stannane, tetraphenyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas700. ± 400.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid600. ± 400.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-13293.4 ± 5.4kJ/molCC-SBAdams, Carson, et al., 1969Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977.; MS
Deltacsolid-13368. ± 13.kJ/molCC-SBTel'noi and Rabinovich, 1965Please also see Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS
Deltacsolid-13295.6 ± 3.4kJ/molCC-SBPope and Skinner, 1964Please also see Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS
Deltacsolid-13566.6 ± 7.1kJ/molCC-SBLautsch, Tröber, et al., 1963Please also see Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; MS
Deltacsolid-13839. ± 13.kJ/molCC-SBBirr, 1962MS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
426.3298.5Smith and Andrews, 1931T = 102 to 346 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
MS - José A. Martinho Simões

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus501.KN/AAdams and Carson, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus503.2KN/ASangster and Irvine, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tfus499.1KN/AForward, Bowden, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
Tfus499.15KN/ASmith and Andrews, 1931, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub161.1 ± 4.2kJ/molN/APilcher and Skinner, 1983See also Adams, Carson, et al., 1969, 2.; AC
Deltasub59.5kJ/molN/ANewkirk, 1972See also Marcus and Loewenschuss, 1986.; AC
Deltasub161.1 ± 4.2kJ/molCC-SBKeiser and Kana'an, 1969MS

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
151.7427.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 393. - 461. K.; AC
152.5 ± 0.6428. - 454.TEKeiser and Kana'an, 1969, 2AC
151.8 ± 1.1393. - 461.MEKeiser and Kana'an, 1969, 2AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
37.2502.2DSCVitoria and Walkley, 1969AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.1PENovak and Potts, 1984LBLHLM
8.34 ± 0.03PIRodionov, Potapov, et al., 1973LLK
9.04PENovak and Potts, 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H5Sn+16.1 ± 0.5?EIOccolowitz, Lett. 1966RDSH
C12H10Sn+9.1 ± 0.2?EIOccolowitz, Lett. 1966RDSH
C18H15Sn+9.6 ± 0.2?EIChambers and Glockling, 1970RDSH
C18H15Sn+10.1 ± 0.2?EIOccolowitz, Lett. 1966RDSH
Sn+9.4 ± 0.2?EIOccolowitz, Lett. 1966RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner Copyright (C) 1987 by the Coblentz Society
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin DOW CORNING CORP.
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 5579
Date 1966/05/10
Name(s) tetraphenylstannane
State SOLID (SPLIT MULL)
Instrument PERKIN-ELMER 521 (GRATING)
Instrument parameters FILTERS AT 3150, 2500, 2000, 1150, 700, 410. GRATING CHANGES: 2000, 630
Resolution 2
Melting point 228 C

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Due to licensing restrictions, this spectrum cannot be downloaded.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 163437

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Lang (editor), 1968
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 19097
Instrument Spektromom 201
Melting point 225

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Adams, Carson, et al., 1969
Adams, G.P.; Carson, A.S.; Laye, P.G., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1969, 1, 393. [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Tel'noi and Rabinovich, 1965
Tel'noi, V.I.; Rabinovich, I.B., Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1965, 39, 1239. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Pope and Skinner, 1964
Pope, A.E.; Skinner, H.A., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1964, 60, 1402. [all data]

Lautsch, Tröber, et al., 1963
Lautsch, W.F.; Tröber, A.; Zimmer, W.; Mehner, L.; Linck, W.; Lehmann, H.M.; Brandenberger, H.; Korner, H.; Metschker, H.-J.; Wagner, K.; Kaden, R., Z. Chem., 1963, 3, 415. [all data]

Birr, 1962
Birr, K.-H., Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 1962, 315, 175. [all data]

Smith and Andrews, 1931
Smith, R.H.; Andrews, D.H., Thermal energy studies. II. Phenyl derivatives of metals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3661-3667. [all data]

Adams and Carson, 1969
Adams, G.P.; Carson, A.S., The Enthalpy of COmbustion of Organimetallic Compounds Measured with a Vacuum-jacketed Aneroud Calorimeter. The Enthalpy of Formation of Tin Tetraphenyl, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1969, 1, 393-6. [all data]

Sangster and Irvine, 1956
Sangster, R.C.; Irvine, J.W., Study of Organic Scintillators, J. Chem. Phys., 1956, 24, 670. [all data]

Forward, Bowden, et al., 1949
Forward, M.V.; Bowden, S.T.; Jones, W.J., Physical Properties of Triphenyl Compounds of Group VB Elements, J. Chem. Soc., 1949, 1949, 121-6. [all data]

Smith and Andrews, 1931, 2
Smith, R.H.; Andrews, D.H., Thermal Energy Studies II. Phenyl Derivatives of Metals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3661-7. [all data]

Pilcher and Skinner, 1983
Pilcher, G.; Skinner, H.A., Thermochemistry of organometallic compounds, 1983, 43-90, https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470771686.ch2 . [all data]

Adams, Carson, et al., 1969, 2
Adams, G.P.; Carson, A.S.; Laye, P.G., The enthalpy of combustion of organometallic compounds measured with a vacuum-jacketed aneroid calorimeter The enthalpy of formation of tin tetraphenyl, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1969, 1, 4, 393-396, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(69)90069-X . [all data]

Newkirk, 1972
Newkirk, Herbert W., Piezoelectric organometallic crystal: Growth and properties of tetraphenylsilicon, -germanium, -ti and -lead, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 1972, 44, 2, 263-271, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-328X(00)82914-9 . [all data]

Marcus and Loewenschuss, 1986
Marcus, Yizhak; Loewenschuss, Aharon, Entropies of tetrahedral M---phenyl species, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1986, 82, 3, 993, https://doi.org/10.1039/f19868200993 . [all data]

Keiser and Kana'an, 1969
Keiser, D.; Kana'an, A.S., J. Phys. Chem., 1969, 73, 4264. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Keiser and Kana'an, 1969, 2
Keiser, D.; Kana'an, A.S., Enthalpy and entropy of sublimation of tetraphenyltin and hexaphenylditin. Bond dissociation energy of Sn-C and Sn-Sn, J. Phys. Chem., 1969, 73, 12, 4264-4269, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100846a038 . [all data]

Vitoria and Walkley, 1969
Vitoria, M.; Walkley, John, Studies in regular solution theory. Part 1.?Solubolity studies of tetraphenyltin in simple non-polar solvents, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1969, 65, 57, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9696500057 . [all data]

Novak and Potts, 1984
Novak, I.; Potts, A.W., The UV gas-phase photoelectron spectra of Group IVB tetraphenyl derivatives, J. Organomet. Chem., 1984, 262, 17. [all data]

Rodionov, Potapov, et al., 1973
Rodionov, A.N.; Potapov, V.K.; Rogozhin, K.L., Photoionization of certain aromatic heteroorganic compounds, High Energy Chem., 1973, 7, 249, In original 278. [all data]

Occolowitz, Lett. 1966
Occolowitz, J.L., Electron impact fragmentation of some organotin compounds, Tetrahedron, Lett. 1966, 5291. [all data]

Chambers and Glockling, 1970
Chambers, D.B.; Glockling, F., Electron impact determination of heats of formation and bond energies in triphenyltin compounds, Inorg. Chim. Acta, 1970, 4, 150. [all data]

Lang (editor), 1968
Lang (editor), L., Absorption Spectra in the Ultraviolet and Visible Region, 1968, 11, 19. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References