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Procaine


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30220.2014.Musumarra, Scarlata, et al., 1987N2, 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30210.2031.Lenchik, Rudenko, et al., 1986N2, Inerton N AW (1), NaCl (2), and steel powder (3); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30210.2046.Lenchik, Rudenko, et al., 1986N2, Inerton N AW (1), NaCl (2), and steel powder (3); Column length: 1. m
CapillarySPB-1250.2049.Lora-Tamayo, Rams, et al., 1986He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
PackedSE-30220.2029.Mari, Bertol, et al., 1984Anakrom ABS; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30260.2035.Mari, Bertol, et al., 1984Anakrom ABS; Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-101180.1998.Delbeke, Debackere, et al., 1981 
PackedOV-101190.2005.Delbeke, Debackere, et al., 1981 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-302007.Schepers, Wijsbeek, et al., 198225. m/0.49 mm/1.14 «mu»m, 100. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 275. C @ 15. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1012000.McLinden and Stenhouse, 1979N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedSE-301995.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M3250.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Column length: 1. m; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-12013.Christ, Noomano, et al., 198830. m/0.75 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 12. min; Tstart: 160. C
CapillaryCBP-11984.Oyama, Sano, et al., 1987N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1990.0Newton and Foery, 198412. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 300. C @ 3. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane2058.0Newton and Foery, 198412. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 300. C @ 3. min
CapillarySE-301978.Anderson and Stafford, 198315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 295. C
PackedSE-302000.Perrigo and Peel, 1981N2, Chromosorb W, 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 1.8 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11991.Stowell and Wilson, 198712. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120C => 8C/min => 270C => 25C/min => 300C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryJXR180.1995.von Buchi, Lorini, et al., 1972 
CapillaryJXR200.2000.von Buchi, Lorini, et al., 1972 
CapillaryJXR220.2004.von Buchi, Lorini, et al., 1972 
CapillaryJXR240.2027.von Buchi, Lorini, et al., 1972 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-302018.MHA, 9999Nitrogen, Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)2010.Gambaro, Saligari, et al., 199712. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 160. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryBP-11978.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 295. C
CapillaryBP-11990.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
PackedSE-302025.Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982Gas Chrom P, 2.5 K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)1979.Gambaro, Saligari, et al., 199712. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes2017.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-11991.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11995.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2018.Bogusz, Wijsbeek, et al., 198325. m/0.32 mm/0.48 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (2.5 min) 30 0C/min -> 190 0C 7 0C/min -> 295 9C (7 min)
PackedSE-302010.Bogusz, Wijsbeek, et al., 1983Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone2018.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Musumarra, Scarlata, et al., 1987
Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1987, 11, 4, 154-163, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/11.4.154 . [all data]

Lenchik, Rudenko, et al., 1986
Lenchik, N.V.; Rudenko, B.A.; Dzhabarov, D.N., Gas chromatographic analysis of nitrogen-containing pharmaceticals using a thermoaerosol detector and non-porous sorbents, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 1438-1443. [all data]

Lora-Tamayo, Rams, et al., 1986
Lora-Tamayo, C.; Rams, M.A.; Chacon, J.M.R., Gas Chromatographic Data for 187 Nitrogen- or Phosphorus-Containing Drugs and Metabolites of Toxicological Interest Analysed on Methyl Silicone Capillary Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 374, 73-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4347(00)83254-5 . [all data]

Mari, Bertol, et al., 1984
Mari, F.; Bertol, E.; Tosti, M., Benzoyltropeine, an unusual substance in street heroin samples, Bull. Narc., 1984, 1, 59-67. [all data]

Delbeke, Debackere, et al., 1981
Delbeke, F.T.; Debackere, M.; Desmet, N., Detection of some local anaesthetics in horse urine and plasma by gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 206, 3, 594-599, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88931-1 . [all data]

Schepers, Wijsbeek, et al., 1982
Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 1982, 27, 1, 49-60. [all data]

McLinden and Stenhouse, 1979
McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 1979, 13, 71-79, https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-0738(79)90265-2 . [all data]

Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974
Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 90, 1, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94770-3 . [all data]

Christ, Noomano, et al., 1988
Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1988, 12, 2, 84-88, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/12.2.84 . [all data]

Oyama, Sano, et al., 1987
Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 1987, 33, 5, 342-348, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.33.342 . [all data]

Newton and Foery, 1984
Newton, B.; Foery, R.F., Retention indices and dual capillary gas chromatography for rapid identification of sedative hypnotic drugs in emergency toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1984, 8, 3, 129-134, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/8.3.129 . [all data]

Anderson and Stafford, 1983
Anderson, W.H.; Stafford, D.T., Applications of capillary gas chromatography in routine toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 5, 247-254, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060506 . [all data]

Perrigo and Peel, 1981
Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 5, 219-226, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.5.219 . [all data]

Stowell and Wilson, 1987
Stowell, A.; Wilson, L.W., A simple approach to the interlaboratory transfer of drug retention indices determined by temperature programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Forensic Sci., 1987, 32, 5, 1214-1220. [all data]

von Buchi, Lorini, et al., 1972
von Buchi, J.; Lorini, V.; Perlia, X., Gaschromatographische Untersuchung einiger homologer Reihen von Lokalanaesthetica, Pharm. Acta Helv., 1972, 47, 65, 377-393. [all data]

MHA, 9999
MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999. [all data]

Gambaro, Saligari, et al., 1997
Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Froldi, R.; Bianchi, L., Analysis of street drugs by means of HRGC, Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutica, 1997, 36, 4, 359-367. [all data]

Stowell and Wilson, 1985
Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32. [all data]

Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982
Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1982, 6, 4, 185-192, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/6.4.185 . [all data]

Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 5, 656-666. [all data]

Bogusz, Wijsbeek, et al., 1983
Bogusz, M.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to systematic toxicological analysis: occurence of concentration-dependent retention behavior, J. Analyt. Toxicol., 1983, 7, 4, 188-192, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/7.4.188 . [all data]

Ardrey and Moffat, 1981
Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 220, 3, 195-252, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81925-1 . [all data]


Notes

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