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Stannane, tetramethyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-20. ± 80.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-50. ± 80.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3820. ± 90.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid310.8J/mol*KN/ASheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
197.9298.15Sheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989T = 5 to 313 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
MS - José A. Martinho Simões
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil351.KN/APCR Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus218.18KN/AStaveley, Warren, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple218.05KN/ASheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc521.81KN/ABendtsen, 1977Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; Visual, observed with periscope in heated metal block, PRT, IPTS-68, PP.; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc29.813barN/ABendtsen, 1977Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 bar; Visual, observed with periscope in heated metal block, PRT,; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap32.0 ± 0.8kJ/molCC-SBAbraham and Irving, 1980Anoher value for the enthalpy of vaporization has been reported: 33.1 ± 1.3 kJ/mol Bullard and Haussmann, 1930.; MS
Deltavap31.1 ± 0.1kJ/molCAbraham and Irving, 1980, 2AC
Deltavap32.8 ± 0.1kJ/molN/AValerga, 1970AC
Deltavap30.5kJ/molN/AThompson and Linnett, 1936AC
Deltavap33.1kJ/molIBullard and Haussmann, 1929AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
32.6 ± 0.2311.N/ABaev, 2001Based on data from 273. - 350. K.; AC
31.3313. - 393.GCHawker, 1992AC
33.4290.IBullard and Haussmann, 1929Based on data from 273. - 308. K.; AC
31.6331.IBullard and Haussmann, 1929Based on data from 308. - 355. K.; AC
31.6303.N/ATanaka and Nagai, 1929Based on data from 298. - 308. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
221.9 - 351.4.098931286.161-37.304Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.234218.05N/ASheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989DH
9.439218.18N/AStaveley, Warren, et al., 1954, 2DH
9.23218.2DSCSheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989, 2See also Utschick, Bachmann, et al., 1974.; AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
42.35218.05Sheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989DH
43.26218.18Staveley, Warren, et al., 1954, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Stannane, tetramethyl- (g) = Trimethyltin (g) + Methane (g)

By formula: C4H12Sn (g) = C3H9Sn (g) + CH4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar297. ± 17.kJ/molN/AMcMillen and Golden, 1982 
Deltar289. ± 8.kJ/molVLPPBaldwin, Lewis, et al., 1979Please also see Smith and Patrick, 1983.

Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + Bromine (g) = C3H9BrSn (l) + Methane, bromo- (g)

By formula: C4H12Sn (l) + Br2 (g) = C3H9BrSn (l) + CH3Br (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-202.1 ± 2.9kJ/molRSCPedley, Skinner, et al., 1957Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.

3Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4Stannane, chlorotrimethyl- (l)

By formula: 3C4H12Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 4C3H9ClSn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-184. ± 28.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.

Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + 3Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 4Methyltin trichloride (l)

By formula: C4H12Sn (l) + 3Cl4Sn (l) = 4CH3Cl3Sn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-186. ± 28.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.

Stannane, tetramethyl- (l) + Tin(IV) chloride (l) = 2Tin, dichlorodimethyl- (l)

By formula: C4H12Sn (l) + Cl4Sn (l) = 2C2H6Cl2Sn (l)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-97. ± 15.kJ/molRSCNash, Skinner, et al., 1965Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970.

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.89 ± 0.05eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)823.7kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity797.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.93 ± 0.04PEJonas, Schweitzer, et al., 1973LLK
8.9 ± 0.1PEEvans, Green, et al., 1972LLK
8.76 ± 0.12EILappert, Pedley, et al., 1971LLK
8.76 ± 0.12EILappert, Simpson, et al., 1969RDSH
8.76 ± 0.02EIYergey and Lampe, 1968RDSH
8.25 ± 0.15EIHobrock and Kiser, 1961RDSH
9.7PEBancroft, Pellach, et al., 1982Vertical value; LBLHLM
9.7PEKochi, 1980Vertical value; LLK
9.75PEHosomi and Traylor, 1975Vertical value; LLK
9.75PEBrown, Eaton, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3Sn+14.2?EIdeRidder and Dijkstra, 1967RDSH
CH3Sn+15.7 ± 0.4?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1961RDSH
C2H6Sn+13.6?EIdeRidder and Dijkstra, 1967RDSH
C2H6Sn+13.0 ± 0.2?EIOccolowitz, Lett. 1966RDSH
C2H6Sn+13.1 ± 0.2?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1961RDSH
C2H7Sn+13.9?EIdeRidder and Dijkstra, 1967RDSH
C3H9Sn+9.58 ± 0.19CH3EILappert, Pedley, et al., 1971LLK
C3H9Sn+9.58 ± 0.19CH3EILappert, Simpson, et al., 1969RDSH
C3H9Sn+9.65CH3EIYergey and Lampe, 1968RDSH
C3H9Sn+9.72 ± 0.06CH3EIYergey and Lampe, 1965RDSH
SnH+16.8?EIdeRidder and Dijkstra, 1967RDSH
SnH3+14.0?EIdeRidder and Dijkstra, 1967RDSH
Sn+16.7?EIdeRidder and Dijkstra, 1967RDSH
Sn+17.5 ± 0.5?EIOccolowitz, Lett. 1966RDSH
Sn+18.1 ± 0.3?EIHobrock and Kiser, 1961RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1476
NIST MS number 233848

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.604.5Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.603.3Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedApiezon L190.630.Putnam and Pu, 1965Celite; Column length: 1. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L604.Putnam and Pu, 1965, 2Celite, 10. K/min; Column length: 3. m; Tstart: 60. C
PackedApiezon L602.Putnam and Pu, 1965, 2Celite, 15. K/min; Column length: 3. m; Tstart: 60. C
PackedApiezon L602.Putnam and Pu, 1965, 2Celite, 6. K/min; Column length: 3. m; Tstart: 60. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989
Sheiman, M.S.; Rabinovich, I.B.; Nistratov, V.P.; Kamelova, G.P.; Karataev, E.N.; Feshchenko, I.A., Specific heat and thermodynamic characteristics of tetramethylstanane, Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 1989, 63, 836-838. [all data]

PCR Inc., 1990
PCR Inc., Research Chemicals Catalog 1990-1991, PCR Inc., Gainesville, FL, 1990, 1. [all data]

Staveley, Warren, et al., 1954
Staveley, L.A.K.; Warren, J.B.; Paget, H.P.; Dowrick, D.J., Some Thermodynamic Properties of Compounds of the Formula MX4 II. Tetraalkyl Compounds, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 1954, 1992. [all data]

Sheiman, Rabinovich, et al., 1989, 2
Sheiman, M.S.; Rabinovich, I.B.; Nistratov, V.P.; Kamelova, G.P.; Karataev, E.N.; Feshchenko, I.A., Heat capacity and thermodynamic characteristics of tetramethylstannane, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1989, 63, 3, 836. [all data]

Bendtsen, 1977
Bendtsen, J., J. Raman Spectrosc., 1977, 6, 306. [all data]

Abraham and Irving, 1980
Abraham, M.H.; Irving, R.J., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1980, 12, 539. [all data]

Bullard and Haussmann, 1930
Bullard, R.H.; Haussmann, A.C., J. Phys. Chem., 1930, 34, 743. [all data]

Abraham and Irving, 1980, 2
Abraham, M.H.; Irving, R.J., Enthalpies of vaporization of tetramethyltin, tetraethyltin, tetra-n-propyltin, and tetraethyl-lead, and a survey of the Group IV tetramethyl and tetraethyl compounds, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1980, 12, 6, 539-544, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(80)90183-4 . [all data]

Valerga, 1970
Valerga, A.J., Entropy and related thermodynamic properties of tetramethylgermane, Diss. Abstr. Int., B, 1970, 31, 6, 3316. [all data]

Thompson and Linnett, 1936
Thompson, H.W.; Linnett, J.W., The vapour pressures and association of some metallic and non-metallic alkyls, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1936, 32, 681, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9363200681 . [all data]

Bullard and Haussmann, 1929
Bullard, R.H.; Haussmann, A.C., The Vapor Pressure of Some Stannanes, J. Phys. Chem., 1929, 34, 4, 743-747, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150310a006 . [all data]

Baev, 2001
Baev, A.K., Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 2001, 44, 1, 3. [all data]

Hawker, 1992
Hawker, Darryl, Equilibrium vapour pressures of tetraorganostannanes, Chemosphere, 1992, 25, 4, 427-436, https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(92)90276-W . [all data]

Tanaka and Nagai, 1929
Tanaka, Y.; Nagai, Y., Proc. Imp. Acad. (Tokyo), 1929, 5, 78. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Staveley, Warren, et al., 1954, 2
Staveley, L.A.K.; Warren, J.B.; Paget, H.P.; Dowrick, D.J., Some thermodynamic properties of compounds of the formula MX4. Part II. Tetra-alkyl compounds, 1954, J. [all data]

Utschick, Bachmann, et al., 1974
Utschick, H.; Bachmann, G.; Kapitza, H., Chem. Tech. (Leipzig), 1974, 26, 423. [all data]

McMillen and Golden, 1982
McMillen, D.F.; Golden, D.M., Hydrocarbon bond dissociation energies, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem., 1982, 33, 493. [all data]

Baldwin, Lewis, et al., 1979
Baldwin, A.C.; Lewis, K.E.; Golden, D.M., Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1979, 11, 529. [all data]

Smith and Patrick, 1983
Smith, G.P.; Patrick, R., Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1983, 15, 167. [all data]

Pedley, Skinner, et al., 1957
Pedley, J.B.; Skinner, H.A.; Chernick, C.L., Thermochemistry of metallic alkyls. Part 8.?Tin tetramethyl, and hexamethyl distannane, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1957, 53, 1612, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9575301612 . [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brigton, 1977. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds in Academic Press, New York, 1970. [all data]

Nash, Skinner, et al., 1965
Nash, G.A.; Skinner, H.A.; Stack, W.F., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 640. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Jonas, Schweitzer, et al., 1973
Jonas, A.E.; Schweitzer, G.K.; Grimm, F.A.; Carlson, T.A., The photoelectron spectra of the tetrafluoro and tetramethyl compounds of the group IV elements, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1973, 1, 29. [all data]

Evans, Green, et al., 1972
Evans, S.; Green, J.C.; Joachim, P.J.; Orchard, A.F.; Turner, D.W.; Maier, J.P., Electronic structures of the Group IVB tetramethyls by helium-(I) photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1972, 68, 905. [all data]

Lappert, Pedley, et al., 1971
Lappert, M.F.; Pedley, J.B.; Simpson, J.; Spalding, T.R., Bonding studies of compounds of boron and the Group IV elements. VI. Mass spectrometric studies on compounds Me4M and Me3M-M'Me3 (M and M'=C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb): thermochemical data, J. Organomet. Chem., 1971, 29, 195. [all data]

Lappert, Simpson, et al., 1969
Lappert, M.F.; Simpson, J.; Spalding, T.R., Bonding studies of compounds of the group IV elements: ionisation potentials of the Me3M radicals, J.Organometal. Chem., 1969, 17, PI. [all data]

Yergey and Lampe, 1968
Yergey, A.L.; Lampe, F.W., An electron impact study of ionization and dissociation of trimethylstannanes, J. Organometal. Chem., 1968, 15, 339. [all data]

Hobrock and Kiser, 1961
Hobrock, B.G.; Kiser, R.W., Electron impact spectroscopy of tetramethylsilicon, -tin and -lead, J. Phys. Chem., 1961, 65, 2186. [all data]

Bancroft, Pellach, et al., 1982
Bancroft, G.M.; Pellach, E.; Tse, J.S., High resolution HeI and HeII photoelectron spectra of TiCl4, SnCl4, and (CH3)4Sn, Inorg. Chem., 1982, 21, 2950. [all data]

Kochi, 1980
Kochi, J.K., The role of electron transfer and charge transfer in organometallic chemistry, Pure Appl. Chem., 1980, 52, 571. [all data]

Hosomi and Traylor, 1975
Hosomi, A.; Traylor, T.G., Studies of interactions of adjacent carbon-metal «sigma» bonds by photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 3682. [all data]

Brown, Eaton, et al., 1974
Brown, R.S.; Eaton, D.F.; Hosomi, A.; Traylor, T.G.; Wright, J.M., Photoelectron spectra of cyclopropylcarbinyltrimethyltin and allyltrimethyltin. A comparison of «sigma»-«sigma» and «sigma»-«pi» conjugation, J. Organomet. Chem., 1974, 66, 249. [all data]

deRidder and Dijkstra, 1967
deRidder, J.J.; Dijkstra, G., Mass spectra of the tetramethyl and tetraethyl compounds of carbon, silicon, germanium, tin and lead, Rec. Trav. Chim., 1967, 86, 737. [all data]

Occolowitz, Lett. 1966
Occolowitz, J.L., Electron impact fragmentation of some organotin compounds, Tetrahedron, Lett. 1966, 5291. [all data]

Yergey and Lampe, 1965
Yergey, A.L.; Lampe, F.W., An electron impact study of the bond dissociation energies of some trimethyltin compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1965, 87, 4204. [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Putnam and Pu, 1965
Putnam, R.C.; Pu, H., Retention indices of organotins, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1965, 3, 5, 160-164, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/3.5.160 . [all data]

Putnam and Pu, 1965, 2
Putnam, R.C.; Pu, H., Retention indices of organotins (II), J. Gas Chromatogr., 1965, 3, 9, 289-293, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/3.9.289 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References