Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

2,4-Heptadienal


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1975.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1980.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1510.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5998.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5999.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5MS993.Yu, Kim, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1966.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1963.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5992.Guichard and Souty, 1988H2, 30. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min; Column length: 0.32 m; Column diameter: 1. mm; Tend: 180. C
PackedOV-1011000.Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979Gas-Chrom Q, 2. K/min; Column length: 2.5 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
PackedApiezon M987.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon M987.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon M987.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1009.Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(8min) => 3C/min => 20C => 10C/min => 150C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1013.Turchini, Giani, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 120C/min => 60C1.5C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-51009.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-51030.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C (10min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5996.Triqui and Reineccius, 199530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-541000.Triqui and Reineccius, 1995Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-541000.Triqui and Reineccius, 1995, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40 C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-54999.Triqui and Reineccius, 1995, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40 C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-541000.Ullrich and Grosch, 1988Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1491.Chevance, Farmer, et al., 200060. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1489.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1451.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1529.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200160. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (1min) => 3C/min => 170C => 4C/min => 200C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1468.Ziegleder, 2001He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C (40min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSqualane75.958.Swoboda and Lea, 1965Celite (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5997.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51006.Machado, Bastos, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5989.Machado, Bastos, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-51010.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-1968.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51009.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101982.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51012.Boylston and Viniyard, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryOV-101965.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101965.Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101969.Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1966.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1967.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1981.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1979.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1973.Albano, Lima, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1000.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1005.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1010.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS967.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-1982.Barra, Baldovini, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
CapillaryDB-5998.Machado, Bastos, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-51000.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1013.Turchini, Giani, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 120 0C/min -> 60 0C 1.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryMDN-5999.Turchimi, Mentasti, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 120 0C/min -> 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-5MS1012.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySF-96983.Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Program: 75C => 3C/min => 190C(25min) => 3C/min => 210C
PackedSqualane955.Swoboda and Lea, 1965Celite (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1482.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1471.Kumazawa, Wada, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101463.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101487.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1520.Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 180. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1503.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1472.Chatonnet and Dubourdieu, 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101467.Hsieh, Williams, et al., 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 175. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1469.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1468.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1470.Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(6min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 240C (15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1468.Ziegleder, 1998He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C(40min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101486.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101491.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101503.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Studies of the volatile composition of hops during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1426-1430, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a036 . [all data]

Engel and Ratel, 2007
Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1154, 1-2, 331-341, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.012 . [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Yu, Kim, et al., 2004
Yu, E.J.; Kim, T.H.; Kim, K.H.; Lee, H.J., Aroma-active compounds of Pinus densiflora (red pine) needles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 532-537, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1337 . [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Comparison of static headspace, headspace solid phase microextraction, headspace sorptive extraction, and direct thermal desorption techniques on chemical composition of French olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7709-7716, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034834n . [all data]

Guichard and Souty, 1988
Guichard, E.; Souty, M., Comparison of the relative quantities of aroma compounds found in fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca) from six different varieties, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 186, 4, 301-307, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01027031 . [all data]

Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979
Nixon, L.N.; Wong, E.; Johnson, C.B.; Birch, E.J., Nonacidic constituents of volatiles from cooked mutton, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 2, 355-359, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60222a044 . [all data]

Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971
Golovnya, V.; Uraletz, V.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of flavour components with correlation isothermal retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 61, 65-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)92384-7 . [all data]

Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 2005
Bonaiti, C.; Irlinger, F.; Spinnler, H.E.; Engel, E., An iterative sensory procedure to select odor-active associations in complex consortia of microorganisms: application to the construction of a cheese model, J. Dairy Sci., 2005, 88, 5, 1671-1684, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72839-3 . [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2004
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.; Valfrè, F., Discrimination of origin of farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 2004, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Engel, Baty, et al., 2002
Engel, E.; Baty, C.; le Corre, D.; Souchon, I.; Martin, N., Flavor-active compounds potentially implicated in cooked cauliflower acceptance, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 22, 6459-6467, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf025579u . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 1997
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Novel thiazoles and 3-thiazolines in cooked beef aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 9, 3603-3607, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970066m . [all data]

Triqui and Reineccius, 1995
Triqui, R.; Reineccius, G.A., Changes in flavor profiles with ripening of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 7, 1883-1889, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a024 . [all data]

Triqui and Reineccius, 1995, 2
Triqui, R.; Reineccius, G.A., Flavor development in the ripening of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 2, 453-458, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00050a037 . [all data]

Ullrich and Grosch, 1988
Ullrich, F.; Grosch, W., Identification of the most intense odor compounds formed during autoxidation of methyl linolenate at room temperature, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 1988, 65, 8, 1313-1317, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02542413 . [all data]

Chevance, Farmer, et al., 2000
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J.; Desmond, E.M.; Novelli, E.; Troy, D.J.; Chizzolini, R., Effect of some fat replacers on the release of volatile aroma compounds from low-fat meat products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3476-3484, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991211u . [all data]

Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988
Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 46, 2, 227-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740460211 . [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Liu, S.-E.; Wu, C.-M., Volatile components of salted and pickled prunes (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 1, 140-144, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00067a038 . [all data]

Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 2001
Larráyoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2001, 11, 11-12, 911-926, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-6946(01)00144-3 . [all data]

Ziegleder, 2001
Ziegleder, G., Odorous compounds in paperboard as influenced by recycled material and storage, Packag. Technol. Sci., 2001, 14, 4, 131-136, https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.541 . [all data]

Swoboda and Lea, 1965
Swoboda, P.A.T.; Lea, C.H., The flavour volatiles of fats and fat-containing foods. II - a gas chromatographic investigation of volatile autoxidation products from sunflower oil, J. Sci. Food Agriculture, 1965, 16, 11, 680-689, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740161108 . [all data]

Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
Piyachaiseth, T.; Jirapakkul, W.; Chaiseri, S., Aroma compounds of flash-fried rice, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), 2011, 45, 717-729. [all data]

Machado, Bastos, et al., 2007
Machado, C.C.B.; Bastos, D.H.M.; Janzantti, N.S.; Facanali, R.; Marques, M.M.; Franco, M.R.B., Determinação do perfil de compostos voláteis e avaliação do sabor e aroma de bebidas produzidas a partir da erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis), Quim. Nova, 2007, 30, 3, 513-518, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422007000300002 . [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 2003, 23, 4, 497-511, https://doi.org/10.3166/sda.23.497-511 . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Tellez, Khan, et al., 2002
Tellez, M.R.; Khan, I.A.; Kobaisy, M.; Schrader, K.K.; Dayan, F.E.; Osbrink, W., Composition of the essential oil of Lepidium meyenii (Walp.), Phytochemistry, 2002, 61, 2, 149-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00208-X . [all data]

Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000
Tamura, H.; Boonbumrung, S.; Yoshizawa, T.; Varanyanond, W., Volatile components of the essential oil in the pulp of four yellow mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) in Thailand, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 2000, 6, 1, 68-73, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.6.68 . [all data]

Boylston and Viniyard, 1998
Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s)., 1998, 225-243. [all data]

Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995
Tamura, H.; Nakamoto, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Characteristic aroma compounds in green algae (Ulva pertusa) volatiles, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1995, 42, 11, 887-891, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.42.887 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990
Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 1990, 6, 4, 573-589, https://doi.org/10.1080/87559129009540893 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Albano, Lima, et al., 2012
Albano, S.M.; Lima, A.S.; Miguel, M.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Barroso, J.G.; Figueiredo, A.C., Antioxidant, anti-5-lipoxygenase and antiacetylcholinesterase activities of essential oils and decoction water of some aromatic plants, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2012, 6, 1, 35-48. [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Zhu, Li, et al., 2008
Zhu, M.; Li, E.; He, H., Determination of volatile chemical constitutes in tea by simultaneous distillation extraction, vacuum hydrodistillation and thermal desrption, Chromatographia, 2008, 68, 7/8, 603-610, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-008-0732-1 . [all data]

Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1279-1284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.027 . [all data]

Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005
Ádámová, M.; Orinák, A.; Halás, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1087, 1-2, 131-141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.01.003 . [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2005
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.M.; Valfre, F., Discrimination of origin og farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Animal Sci., 2005, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Turchimi, Mentasti, et al., 2004
Turchimi, G.N.; Mentasti, T.; Carpino, F.; Panseri, S.; Moretti, V.M.; Valfre, F., Effects of dietary lipid sources on flavour volatile compounds of brown trout (Salmo trurra L.) fillet, J. Appl. Ichtyol., 2004, 20, 1, 71-75, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0175-8659.2003.00522.x . [all data]

Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001
Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 2001, 34, 1, 67-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(00)00133-2 . [all data]

Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998
Kawasaki, W.; Matsui, K.; Akakabe, Y.; Itai, N.; Kajiwara, T., Long-chain aldehyde-forming activity in tobacco leaves, Phytochemistry, 1998, 49, 6, 1565-1568, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00236-2 . [all data]

Kumazawa, Wada, et al., 2006
Kumazawa, K.; Wada, Y.; Masuda, H., Characterization of epoxydecenal isomers as potent odorants in black tea (Dimbula) infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 13, 4795-4801, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0603127 . [all data]

Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002
Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 2010-2015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011325h . [all data]

Chatonnet and Dubourdieu, 1998
Chatonnet, P.; Dubourdieu, D., Identification of Substances Responsible for the sundust Aroma in Oak Wood, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1998, 76, 2, 179-188, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199802)76:2<179::AID-JSFA924>3.0.CO;2-6 . [all data]

Hsieh, Williams, et al., 1989
Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S.; Vejaphan, W.; Meyers, S.P., Characterization of Volatile Components of Menhaden Fish (Brevoortia tyrannus) Oil, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 1989, 66, 1, 114-117, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02661797 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 2000
Piveteau, F.; le Guen, S.; Gandemer, G.; Baud, J.-P.; Demaimay, M., Aroma of fresh oysters Crassostrea gigas: composition and aroma notes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 10, 4851-4857, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991394k . [all data]

Ziegleder, 1998
Ziegleder, G., Volatile and odorous compounds in unprinted paperboard, Packag. Technol. Sci., 1998, 11, 5, 231-239, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1522(1998090)11:5<231::AID-PTS437>3.0.CO;2-A . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References