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Propanoic acid, butyl ester

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1DB-1DB-5SE-30SE-30
Column length (m)  30.60.25.25.
Carrier gas  N2N2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.2560.3210.330.33
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.25  
Temperature (C) 333.80.80.100.120.
I 891.4880.42901.48891.884.
ReferenceHu, Lu, et al., 2006Mijin and Antonovic, 2006Mijin and Antonovic, 2006Haken and Korhonen, 1985Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SE-30OV-101OV-101OV-101Apiezon L
Column length (m) 25.19.15.15. 
Carrier gas  N2   
Substrate     Celite 545
Column diameter (mm) 0.330.280.220.22 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.100.80.80.120.
I 901.892.890.890.855.
ReferenceHaken and Korhonen, 1985Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983, 2Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LApiezon LSE-30SE-30SE-30
Column length (m)   3.73.2.
Carrier gas    N2 
Substrate Celite 545 Celaton (62-72 mesh)Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh)Chromosorb W
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 160.130.150.100.100.
I 859.851.886.890.896.
ReferenceBogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Ashes and Haken, 1974Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPacked
Active phase SE-30Apiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 3.72.252.25
Carrier gas    
Substrate Celite 560CeliteCelite
Column diameter (mm)    
Phase thickness (mum)    
Temperature (C) 150.130.190.
I 891.851.853.
ReferenceGermaine and Haken, 1969Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Mijin and Antonovic, 2006
Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2006, 71, 6, 629-637, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0606629M . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 319, 131-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90548-5 . [all data]

Horna, Táborský, et al., 1985
Horna, A.; Táborský, J.; Churácek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 348, 141-149, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92447-1 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 281, 299-303, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87889-4 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983, 2
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 262, 316-320, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88112-7 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References