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3-Pentanol

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-317.2kJ/molN/ASachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1974Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -368.9±0.8 kj/mol from Sachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1974 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 51.7 kj/mol from Chao and Rossini, 1965.; DRB
Deltafgas-314.7 ± 1.1kJ/molEqkBuckley and Herington, 1965Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -315.4 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltafgas-318.6 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas382.21J/mol*KN/ABuckley E., 1965This value was obtained from the measurements of gas-phase equilibrium constants.; GT

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-368.9 ± 0.79kJ/molCcbSachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1974Heat of combustion not reported; ALS
Deltafliquid-370.3 ± 0.59kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3312.3 ± 0.46kJ/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -370.3 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
239.7298.Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil388. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 36 out of 37 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc559.6 ± 0.5KN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Tc559.6KN/ATeja, Lee, et al., 1989TRC
Tc559.6KN/ASmith, Anselme, et al., 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.325l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.07mol/lN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
rhoc3.07mol/lN/ASmith, Anselme, et al., 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.23 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap54.03kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap53.2 ± 0.1kJ/molEBPeschenko, Shvaro, et al., 1988See also Kulikov, Verevkin, et al., 2001.; AC
Deltavap51.7 ± 1.3kJ/molVChao and Rossini, 1965Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS
Deltavap52.9kJ/molCMcCurdy and Laidler, 1963AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
387.70.999Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
59.9260.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 245. - 390. K.; AC
49.6332.N/ASachek, Markovnik, et al., 1984Based on data from 317. - 389. K.; AC
53.6294.N/ACabani, Conti, et al., 1975Based on data from 279. - 318. K.; AC
50.2319.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 294. - 389. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.08204.2Lohmann, Joh, et al., 1997AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C5H11O- + Hydrogen cation = 3-Pentanol

By formula: C5H11O- + H+ = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1560. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1559. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1532. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1532. ± 11.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Hydrogen + 3-Pentanone = 3-Pentanol

By formula: H2 + C5H10O = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-56.74kJ/molEqkBuckley and Herington, 1965gas phase; ALS

3-Pentanol = Hydrogen + 3-Pentanone

By formula: C5H12O = H2 + C5H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.74kJ/molEqkBuckley and Herington, 1965gas phase; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

View reactions leading to C5H12O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.76 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.78 ± 0.07EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
9.78EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
9.78EIHolmes, Fingas, et al., 1981LLK
9.73PEAshmore and Burgess, 1977LLK
10.25PEAshmore and Burgess, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H6O+9.84 ± 0.10C2H6EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C3H6O+9.84C2H6EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM

De-protonation reactions

C5H11O- + Hydrogen cation = 3-Pentanol

By formula: C5H11O- + H+ = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1560. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1559. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1532. ± 8.8kJ/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar1532. ± 11.kJ/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118813

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101150.669.2Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.676.5Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedApiezon L120.671.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.682.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30100.689.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.685.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30140.685.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSqualane50.665.Mira and Sanchez, 1970Chromosorb G
PackedSE-30100.685.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L100.661.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1687.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1688.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1097.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS703.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS710.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS712.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1102.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1111.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1124.Aubert, Günata, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101108.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1108.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1110.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1096.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1100.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1087.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101112.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101113.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryStabilwax1110.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1098.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30100.689.Zhou and Wu, 2007Column length: 1. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1687.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101693.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-30689.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone683.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone689.Kou, Zhang, et al., 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone689.Fu and Wang, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5690.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane684.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes687.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1669.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1678.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1680.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1103.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1111.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryBP-201116.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1093.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1101.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1110.Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101128.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1109.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101120.Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1111.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1106.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1108.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101109.Wong and Lai, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1104.Binder, Flath, et al., 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1112.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1112.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1108.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1116.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1118.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1110.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1116.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1112.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1119.Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1110.Gyawali and Kim, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1108.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101112.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101113.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1113.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 1 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1109.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1111.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1104.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1107.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1110.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1104.Binder, Flath, et al., 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1974
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Chao and Rossini, 1965
Chao, J.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion, formation, and isomerization of nineteen alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1965, 10, 374-379. [all data]

Buckley and Herington, 1965
Buckley, E.; Herington, E.F.G., Equilibria in some secondary alcohol + hydrogen + ketone systems, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1618-1625. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
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Buckley E., 1965
Buckley E., Equilibria in some secondary alcohol + hydrogen + ketone systems, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1618-1625. [all data]

Rossini, 1934
Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and of formation of the normal aliphatic alcohols in the gaseous and liquid states, and the energies of their atomic linkages, J. Res. NBS, 1934, 13, 189-197. [all data]

Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976
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Smith, Anselme, et al., 1986
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Majer and Svoboda, 1985
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Peschenko, Shvaro, et al., 1988
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Sachek, Markovnik, et al., 1984
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Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
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Lohmann, Joh, et al., 1997
Lohmann, J.; Joh, R.; Gmehling, J., Solid-Liquid Equilibria of Viscous Binary Mixtures with Alcohols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1997, 42, 6, 1170-1175, https://doi.org/10.1021/je9700683 . [all data]

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Holmes, Burgers, et al., 1982
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Holmes, Fingas, et al., 1981
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Ashmore and Burgess, 1977
Ashmore, F.S.; Burgess, A.R., Study of Some Medium Size Alcohols and Hydroperoxides by Photoelectron Spectroscopy, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1977, 73, 1247. [all data]

Cha and Lee, 1994
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Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
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Pías and Gascó, 1975
Pías, J.B.; Gascó, L., GC Retention Data of Alcohols and Benzoyl Derivatives of Alcohols, J. Chromatogr. - Chrom. Data, 1975, d14-d16. [all data]

Mira and Sanchez, 1970
Mira, J.M.; Sanchez, L.G., Polarity of the Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases and Retention Indices of Aliphatic Esters, Ketones and Alcohols, Anal. Chim. Acta., 1970, 50, 2, 315-321, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(70)80071-X . [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
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Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
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Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
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Elmore, Cooper, et al., 2005
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Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
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Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 2006
Osorio, C.; Alarcon, M.; Moreno, C.; Bonilla, A.; Barrios, J.; Garzon, C.; Duque, C., Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles in Champa ( Campomanesia lineatifolia R. P.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 2, 509-516, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052098c . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Aubert, Günata, et al., 2003
Aubert, C.; Günata; Ambid, C.; Baumes, R., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of yellow- and white-fleshed nectarines during maturation and artificial ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 10, 3083-3091, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026153i . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2690-2696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981166a . [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994
Sumitani, H.; Suekane, S.; Nakatani, A.; Tatsuka, K., Changes in composition of volatile compounds in high pressure treated peach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 3, 785-790, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00039a037 . [all data]

Suárez and Duque, 1991
Suárez, M.; Duque, C., Volatile constituents of lulo (Salanum vestissimum D.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 8, 1498-1500, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00008a026 . [all data]

Frohlich and Schreier, 1990
Frohlich, O.; Schreier, P., Volatile Constituents of Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) Fruit, J. Food Sci., 1990, 55, 1, 176-180, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1990.tb06046.x . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Wang, Finn, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Finn, C.; Qian, M.C., Impact of Growing Environment on Chickasaw Blackberry ( Rubus L.) Aroma Evaluated by Gas Chromatography Olfactometry Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 9, 3563-3571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048102m . [all data]

Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 2001
Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amadò, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2001, 212, 6, 648-657, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100305 . [all data]

Zhou and Wu, 2007
Zhou, L.; Wu, Q., Model of artificial neural network for quantitative structure-retention relations of saturated alcohols, J. Southwest Univ. (Nat. Sci. Edn.), 2007, 33, 6, 1369-1372. [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984
del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 1011-1015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a015 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]

Feng and Mu, 2007
Feng, H.; Mu, L.-L., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for alkane and its derivatives based on electrotopological state index and molecular shape index, Chem. Ind. Engineering (Chinese), 2007, 24, 2, 161-168. [all data]

Kou, Zhang, et al., 2006
Kou, J.; Zhang, S.; Hu, Y.; Qiao, H.; Li, J., Stidy on the relationships between structures and gas chromatographic retention indices of alcohols, Comput. Appl. Chem. (Chinese), 2006, 23, 7, 651-654. [all data]

Fu and Wang, 2004
Fu, S.-P.; Wang, Y.-Q., Estimation and prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of alcohols by molecular electronegativity-distance vector, J. Chongqing Univ., 2004, 27, 6, 106-109. [all data]

Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 2003
Begnaud, F.; Pérès, C.; Berdagué, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 2003, 83, 10, 837-849, https://doi.org/10.1080/03067310310001603349 . [all data]

Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003
Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2003, 2, 1, 33-49. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1998
Zenkevich, I.G., The Principle of Structural Analogy in the Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices using Physico-Chemical Constants of Organic Compounds, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus.), 1998, 53, 1, 43-49. [all data]

Binder, Flath, et al., 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R., Volatile components of bittermelon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 2, 418-420, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00086a032 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]

Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008
Beck, J.J.; Higbee, B.S.; Marrill, G.B.; Roitman, J.N., Comparison of volatile emissions from undamaged and mechanically damaged almonds, J, Sci. Food Argic., 2008, 88, 8, 1363-1368, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3224 . [all data]

Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007
Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 229-235, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.071 . [all data]

Dregus and Engel, 2003
Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6530-6536, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030399l . [all data]

Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001
Weckerle, B.; Bastl-Borrmann, R.; Richling, E.; Hör, K.; Ruff, C.; Schreier, P., Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus indica) flavour constituents - chiral evaluation (MDGC-MS) and isotope ratio (HRGC-IRMS) analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 5, 360-363, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1012 . [all data]

Girard and Durance, 2000
Girard, B.; Durance, T., Headspace volatiles of sockeye and pink salmon as affected by retort process, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2000, 65, 1, 34-39. [all data]

Umano, Nakahara, et al., 1999
Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Var. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 9, 3702-3705, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990116i . [all data]

Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 1998
Campeanu, G.; Burcea, M.; Doneanu, C.; Namolosanu, I.; Visan, L., GC/MS characterization of the volatiles isolated from the wines obtained from the indigenous cultivar Feteasca Regala, Analusis, 1998, 26, 2, 93-97, https://doi.org/10.1051/analusis:1998117 . [all data]

Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 1998
Werkhoff, P.; Güntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1076-1093, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970655s . [all data]

Morales, Albarracín, et al., 1996
Morales, A.L.; Albarracín, D.; Rodríguez, J.; Duque, C.; Riaño, L.E.; Espitia, J., Volatile constituents from Andes berry (Rubus glaucus Benth), J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 10, 585-587, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240191011 . [all data]

Wong and Lai, 1996
Wong, K.C.; Lai, F.Y., Volatile constituents from the fruits of four Syzygium species grown in Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199601)11:1<61::AID-FFJ539>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2012
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Bioactive volatile compounds of three medicinal plants from Nepal, Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci., Engineering and Technol., 2012, 8, 1, 51-62. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]

Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 2011
Sampaio, K.S.; Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Janzantti, N.S.; Da Silva, M.A.AP., Aroma volatiles recovered in the water phase of cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.) juice during concentration, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 10, 1801-1809, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4385 . [all data]

Gyawali and Kim, 2009
Gyawali, R.; Kim, K.-S., Volatile organic compounds of medicinal values from Nepalese Acorus calamus L., Kathmandu Univ. J. Sci. Eng. Technol., 2009, 5, II, 51-65. [all data]

Berard, Bianchi, et al., 2007
Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of Fontina Valle d'Aosta, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.11.041 . [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007
Narain, N.; Galvao, M. deS.; Ferreira, D.DaS.; Navarro, D.M.A.F., Flavor biogeneration in Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) fruit, BioEng. Campinas, 2007, 1, 1, 25-31. [all data]

Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 2
Narain, N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S., Volatile compounds captured through purge and trap technique in caja-umbu (Spondias sp.) fruits during maturation, Food Chem., 2007, 102, 3, 726-731, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.003 . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References