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Phenol, 2,5-dichloro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-37.86 ± 0.57kcal/molCcrRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O)

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-55.45 ± 0.29kcal/molCcrRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O)
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-656.8 ± 0.2kcal/molCcrRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O)

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil484.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus331.0KN/APoeti, Faneli, et al., 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus332.KN/AGalat, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap13.6 ± 0.02kcal/molGSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 333. - 361. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub18.5 ± 0.02kcal/molGSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 294. - 327. K.; AC
Deltasub17.6 ± 0.50kcal/molCRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O); ALS
Deltasub17.6 ± 0.50kcal/molCda Silva, 1994AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
12.7347.GSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 333. - 361. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
5.3619331.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
5.361331.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
16.20331.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 333447

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30160.1170.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1165.Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1162.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30160.1170.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30180.1181.Korhonen, 1984 

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP160.2160.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
CapillaryFFAP160.2160.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP180.2143.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP200.2152.Korhonen, 1984 

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-301166.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-301149.Korhonen, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-301156.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1188.6Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP2131.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryFFAP2105.Korhonen, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryFFAP2115.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51178.Jelén, Krawczyk, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryUltra-11140.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1162.Yu and Zazhi, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryPTE-51192.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryUltra-21190.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ribeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994
Ribeiro Da Silva, M.A.V.; Ferrao, M.L.C.C.H.; Jiye, F., Standard enthalpies of combustion of the six dichlorophenols by rotating-bomb calorimetry, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1994, 26, 839-846. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Poeti, Faneli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Faneli, E.; Braghetti, M.J., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, Therm. Anal., 1982, 24, 2, 273, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01913681 . [all data]

Galat, 1952
Galat, A., The Preparation of 2,3,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 3890-1. [all data]

Verevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Emel'yanenko, Vladimir N.; Klamt, Andreas, Thermochemistry of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols: Ambient Temperature Vapor Pressures and Enthalpies of Phase Transitions, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, 52, 2, 499-510, https://doi.org/10.1021/je060429r . [all data]

da Silva, 1994
da Silva, M., Standard enthalpies of combustion of the six dichlorophenols by rotating-bomb calorimetry, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1994, 26, 8, 839-846, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1994.1100 . [all data]

Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Fanelli, E.; Braghetti, M., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 24(2), 273-279. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Evans and Haken, 1989
Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K., Dispersion and selectivity indices in gas chromatography. IV. Chlorinated aromatic compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 468, 373-382, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96332-5 . [all data]

Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988
Shakirov, L.G.; Tsypysheva, L.G.; Suleimamova, R.A.; Naimushin, A.I.; Tsypyshev, O.Yu., Gas chromatographic determination of the products of the synthesis of chlorine-substituted salicylic acids, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 43, 143-146. [all data]

Korhonen, 1984
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XXXI. Retention increments of isomeric chlorophenols on low-polarity (SE-30) and polar (FFAP) capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 315, 185-200, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90736-8 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Jelén, Krawczyk, et al., 2005
Jelén, H.H.; Krawczyk, J.; Larsen, T.O.; Jarosz, A.; Golebniak, B., Main compounds responsible for off-odour of strawberries infected by Phytophthora cactorum, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 40, 4, 255-259, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.2005.01668.x . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Yu and Zazhi, 2005
Yu, H.; Zazhi, J., Relationship between chromatogram retention index and toxicity of chlorinated phenols and chlorinated benzenes to Guppy, J. Enviropn. Health (Chinese), 2005, 22, 6, 441-444. [all data]

Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 1992
Nakano, T.; Fujimori, K.; Takaishi, Y.; Okuno, T., GC/MS-SIM analysis of polychlorobenzenes, polychlorophenols and polychloronaphthalenes, Report of the Environmental Science Institute of Hyogo Prefecture, 1992, 24, 30-37. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References