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Hexane, 3,4-dimethyl-

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase OV-101C78, Branched paraffinSqualaneOV-101Squalane
Column length (m) 50.3.3   
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25    
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 60.130.100.0.78.5
I 769.6780.3772.765.774.7
ReferenceChen, Liang, et al., 2001Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999Skrbic, 1997Zhang and Lu, 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneDB-1PONAPONADB-1
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas  H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.50.51.
Temperature (C) 25.60.60.60.60.
I 768.770.5770.5770.6770.5
ReferenceHilal, Carreira, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101C78, Branched paraffinApolaneOV-1OV-1
Column length (m)  3.33.7  
Carrier gas H2    
Substrate  Chromosorb G HP   
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum) 0.2    
Temperature (C) 60.130.130.60.60.
I 770.6780.1780.771.771.
ReferenceKrupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Dutoit, 1991Engewald, Maurer, et al., 1989Engewald, Maurer, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1SqualaneSqualaneOV-101
Column length (m) 25.25.50.50. 
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.310.220.22 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.520.210.21 
Temperature (C) 45.65.50.70.40.
I 769.771.1770.6772.6767.
ReferenceGuan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Laub and Purnell, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SqualaneSqualaneOV-101
Column length (m)   50.50.100.
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.220.220.27
Phase thickness (mum)     0.9
Temperature (C) 60.80.50.70.40.
I 769.771.770.1772.9768.4
ReferenceLaub and Purnell, 1988Laub and Purnell, 1988Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 100.100.100.  
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.270.270.27  
Phase thickness (mum) 0.90.90.9  
Temperature (C) 50.60.70.30.40.
I 769.3770.2771.2766.767.
ReferenceBoneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101DB-1
Column length (m)     60.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)     0.264
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 50.60.70.80.60.
I 768.769.770.771.770.5
ReferenceChien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Chien, Furio, et al., 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1DB-1OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 60.60.60.100.55.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2590.2640.2590.270.27
Phase thickness (mum) 1. 1.0.200.9
Temperature (C) 60.60.60.50.50.
I 770.8770.5770.8769.769.
ReferenceLubeck and Sutton, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Johansen and Ettre, 1982Johansen and Ettre, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SF-96TriacontaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 91.43.3. 120.
Carrier gas  HeHe He
Substrate  Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh)Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh)  
Column diameter (mm) 0.31   0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.20    
Temperature (C) 50.80.80.60.100.
I 769.773.774.772.770.9
ReferenceJohansen and Ettre, 1982Castello and D'Amato, 1979Castello and D'Amato, 1979Chretien and Dubois, 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneApolaneSqualaneSqualaneVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)
Column length (m) 120.2.4100.100. 
Carrier gas HeHeN2N2 
Substrate  Chromosorb   
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.70.50.70.35.
I 766.774.0771.773.768.
ReferenceLulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976Rijks and Cramers, 1974Rijks and Cramers, 1974Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Squalane
Column length (m)     100.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)     0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 45.50.58.68.70.
I 769.770.770.771.770.8
ReferenceSidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Dimov and Schopov, 1971
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)    91.491.4
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.25.80.40.40.
I 773.768.774.770.770.
ReferenceMitra and Saha, 1970Mitra and Saha, 1970Mitra and Saha, 1970Matukuma, 1969Matukuma, 1969
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 15.15.15.15.10.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeH2
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P 
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 27.49.67.86.30.
I 768.771.772.774.769.
ReferenceHively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Tourres, 1967
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 10.100.100.100.1.8
Carrier gas H2H2H2H2 
Substrate     Untreated celite
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 50.30.50.70.40.
I 771.769.771.773.770.
ReferenceTourres, 1967Tourres, 1967, 2Tourres, 1967, 2Tourres, 1967, 2Evans, 1966
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 1.81.8
Carrier gas   
Substrate Untreated celiteUntreated celite
Column diameter (mm)   
Phase thickness (mum)   
Temperature (C) 55.70.
I 771.773.
ReferenceEvans, 1966Evans, 1966
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chen, Liang, et al., 2001
Chen, J.P.; Liang, X.M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, L.F., Prediction of GC retention values under various column temperature conditions from temperature programmed data, Chromatographia, 2001, 53, 9/10, 539-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02491619 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999
Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 849, 2, 495-506, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00530-0 . [all data]

Skrbic, 1997
Skrbic, B.D., Unified retention concept -- statistical treatment of Kováts retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 764, 2, 257-264, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00955-7 . [all data]

Zhang and Lu, 1996
Zhang, X.; Lu, P., Unified equation between Kováts indices on different stationary phases for select types of compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 731, 1-2, 187-199, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)01213-3 . [all data]

Hilal, Carreira, et al., 1994
Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 662, 2, 269-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80515-6 . [all data]

Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1994, 59, 11, 2390-2396, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19942390 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Engewald, Maurer, et al., 1989
Engewald, W.; Maurer, T.; Schiefke, A., Investigation of isomeric hydrocarbons by gas-solid chromatography on graphitized thermal carbon black, Pure Appl. Chem., 1989, 61, 11, 2001-2004, https://doi.org/10.1351/pac198961112001 . [all data]

Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Guan, Y.; Kiraly, J.; Rijks, J.A., Interactive retention index database for compound identification in temperature-programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 129-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94101-3 . [all data]

Laub and Purnell, 1988
Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 9, 649-660, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110908 . [all data]

Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988
Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 43, 127-135. [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 12, 697-700, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02313682 . [all data]

Chien, Furio, et al., 1983
Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 10, 577-580, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240061013 . [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060612 . [all data]

Johansen and Ettre, 1982
Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 1982, 15, 10, 625-630, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02279488 . [all data]

Castello and D'Amato, 1979
Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 175, 1, 27-35, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86400-6 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 171-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84071-1 . [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 3, 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269819 . [all data]

Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972
Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25. [all data]

Dimov and Schopov, 1971
Dimov, N.; Schopov, D., Empirische korrektion der physikalisch-chemischen retentionsindexe von kohlenwasserstoffen auf squalan, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 63, 223-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)85634-X . [all data]

Mitra and Saha, 1970
Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1970, 8, 2, 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/8.2.95 . [all data]

Matukuma, 1969
Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 1969, 7, 55-75. [all data]

Hively and Hinton, 1968
Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1968, 6, 4, 203-217, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/6.4.203 . [all data]

Tourres, 1967
Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 1, 35-40, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.1.35 . [all data]

Tourres, 1967, 2
Tourres, D.A., Structure moléculaire et rétention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la température sur l'indice de rétention d'alcanes isomères, J. Chromatogr., 1967, 30, 357-377, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)84168-0 . [all data]

Evans, 1966
Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1966, 4, 1, 1-3, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/4.1.1 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References