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Ledol


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin R.I.REED CHEMISTRY DEPT., UNIV. OF GLASGOW
NIST MS number 35173

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1599.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1599.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1573.Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51565.Avato, Raffo, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1560.Siani, Garrido, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51569.Amparo Blázquez, Pérez, et al., 2003He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-51565.El-Ghorab, Fadel, et al., 200225. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-11542.Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 225. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-301546.Kardali, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200025. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-51605.Weissbecker B., Van Loon J.J.A., et al., 200025. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51551.Senatore and de Feo, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1561.Siani, Ramos, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51551.de Feo, Porta, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11586.Fiorini, Fourasté, et al., 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51551.Senatore, Urrunaga Soria, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-301584.Jantan, Ali, et al., 1995N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 1. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillaryDB-51563.Loayza, Abujder, et al., 199540. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 120. min; Column length: 30. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1580.Tuberoso, Kowalczyk, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(5min) => 2C/min => 140C= 5C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51549.Araújo, Silveira, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-51564.Frizzo, Serafini, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60 0C (8 min) 3 K/min -> 180 0C 20 K/min (20 min)
CapillaryDB-51549.Roscigno, 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C (60min) => 2C/min => 270C => 1C/min => 290C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2043.Avato, Raffo, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 15. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil PONA GB1597.Cunicao, Lopes, et al., 2007100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 140. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-51565.Martins, Santos, et al., 200730. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1561.Melo, Corrêa, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-51564.Silva, Barbosa, et al., 200730. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 55. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51567.Javidnia K., Miri R., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-51547.Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-11582.Salgueiro L.R., Pinto E., et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1562.Silva-Brandão, Solferini, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51569.Su, Ho, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11551.de Feo, Urrunaga Soria, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRTX-11588.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51566.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11600.Ramezani, Behravan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 265. C
CapillaryRTX-11597.Cavalli, Tomi, et al., 200360. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 45. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1586.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 6. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1586.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-51569.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1565.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51565.Maia, de Paula, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011564.Menut, Bessiere, et al., 2000N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-11585.Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1598.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1999He, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryBP-11587.Mariotti, Costa, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11591.Mariotti, Tomi, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51608.Sagrero-Nieves, Bartley, et al., 199730. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-51570.Silva, Oliveira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 3C/min => 246C => 10C/min => 270C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-51593.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2035.Aromdee and Sriubolmas, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102024.Salgueiro L.R., Pinto E., et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1997.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2035.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 32. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax2016.Cavalli, Tomi, et al., 200360. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 45. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2062.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200060. m/0.50 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2014.Chagonda, Makanda, et al., 200025. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2032.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1999He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySP-10002062.Brophy, Forster, et al., 1998He, 3. K/min; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryBP-202021.Mariotti, Costa, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-202026.Mariotti, Tomi, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2060.Sagrero-Nieves, Bartley, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102030.Granicher, Christen, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2030.Bisio, Ciarallo, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C(5min) => 40C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1571.Sardashti, Valizadeh, et al., 201360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1565.Xu, Han, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1616.Zouari, Ayadi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1562.Hammami, Kamoun, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-51607.Monsef-Esfahani, Miri, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51574.de Souza, Lopes, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11567.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-51552.El-Massry, El-Ghorab, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-51569.Ho, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-11593.Museli, Pau, et al., 200960. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-11600.Museli, Pau, et al., 200960. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51574.de Souza, Lopes, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1565.Xu, Han, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1563.Noudogbessi, Yedomonhan, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-11588.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51560.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 200730. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1563.Bozin B., Mlmica-Dukic N., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51560.Elfami, Bos, et al., 200730. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51564.El-Ghorab A., El-Massry K.F., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryHP-11601.Hachicha, Skanji, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51554.Limberger, Scopel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51539.Moreno, Lima, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-11582.Pinto, Salgueiro, et al., 200730. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillarySPB-51559.Raal, Orav, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51561.Apel, Sobral, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryAT-51568.Borges, Rojas, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11600.Boti, Yao, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1563.Bozin, Mimicá-Dukic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11593.Chen, Sheu, et al., 2006Nitrogen, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 9. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-51560.Elfami, Komar, et al., 200630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-51569.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-11586.Filippi, Lanfranchi, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryNB-301604.Orav, Raal, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51605.Trilles, Bombarda, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51555.Limberger, Sobral, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1598.Ogunwande, Olawore, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-11570.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1565.Sajjadi S.E. and Eskandari B., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51562.Simoes-Pires C.A., Debenedetti S., et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51562.Simoes-Pires C.A., Debenedetti S., et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51562.Simoes-Pires C.A., Debenedetti S., et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51547.Tzakou and Constantinidis, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51559.Abreu, Reis, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryRTX-11601.Kalemba and Thiem, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51554.Lago, de Ávila, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51560.Limberger, Sobral, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1565.Mimica-Dukic, Bozin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryNB-301600.Orav, Stulova, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryNB-301600.Orav, Stulova, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryNB-301598.Raal, Paaver, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1565.Rojas, Usubillaga, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1565.Royas, Usubillaga, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-11550.Senatore, Napolitano, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1540.Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRSL-2001592.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51561.Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51567.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 15. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51565.Farah, Fechtal, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51565.Kobaisy, Tellez, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51566.Lago, Reis, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 100. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1550.Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11539.Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-1011562.Ayedoun, Adéoti, et al., 1999N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRTX-11601.Kalemba, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-1011597.Menon, Chacko, et al., 1999N2, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-11560.Kökdil, Kurucu, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-11585.Stashenko, Cervantes, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1575.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1575.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1575.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 1997, 225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11580.Salgueiro, Vila, et al., 19976. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51568.Tellez, Estell, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCBP-11595.Zygadlo, Ariza-Espinar, et al., 1997He, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-11585.Thanh, Dung, et al., 199625. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-11596.Ramanoelina, Viano, et al., 199450. m/0.27 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11594.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez Alonso, et al., 1991N2, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11590.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryBP-11604.Brophy, Davies, et al., 1989H2, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-51608.Shivashankar, Roy, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51565.Nezhadali and Parsa, 201030. m/0.20 mm/0.32 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 140 0C 50 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryDB-11551.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-51572.Leela, Vipin, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 60 0C 95 min) 110 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C 95 min)
CapillaryRTX-51565.Leela, Vipin, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1565.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-51595.Gazim, Rezende, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C 1 0C/min -> 60 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 280 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-51565.Gazim, Rezende, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11580.Nogueira, Marcelo-Curto, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryDB-11580.Kamatou, Viljoen, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-11580.Rodrigues, Antunes, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1569.Judzentiene and Buzelyte, 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 160C(1min) => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1565.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C (15min) => 10C/min => 270C
CapillaryDB-51587.Hamm, Bleton, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C
CapillaryHP-5MS1588.Novak, Draxler, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(5min) => 3C/min => 90C => 10C/min => 280C
CapillaryOV-11579.El-Shazly and Hussein, 2004He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.317 mm; Program: 50C(4min) => 4C/min => 90C => 10C/min => 300C(10min)
CapillaryDB-11580.Miguel, Simões, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryHP-51565.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C(15min) => 10C/min => 270C
CapillarySE-301582.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541565.Lima, Veiga, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 110C(2min) => 3C/min => 130C => 8.5C => 290C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1583.Mockute, Bernotiene, et al., 2003Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 60C(1min) => 3C/min => 70C => 15C/min => 170C(8min) => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51551.Ferreira, Costantin, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11580.Figueiredo, Miguel, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 45 0C 3 K/min -> 175 0C 15 K/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1593.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1581.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11590.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2030.Karlsson, Birgersson, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 30. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1997.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2007.Hachicha, Skanji, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2064.Hymete, Rohloff, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2025.Limberger, Scopel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102024.Pinto, Salgueiro, et al., 200730. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102060.Raal, Orav, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-202030.Boti, Yao, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102021.Wong, Lim, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2022.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2028.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2028.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2025.Lago, de Ávila, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2057.Lourens, Reddy, et al., 2004Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2026.Christoph, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2028.Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryBP-202060.Dunlop, Bignell, et al., 199925. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP2057.Kaya, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax2060.Menon, Chacko, et al., 1999N2, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryFFAP2057.Brophy, Davies, et al., 198950. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP Innowax2057.Noorizadeh and Farmany, 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax2057.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryInnowax FSC2057.Kaya, Benirci, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2057.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C (15min) => 10C/min => 270C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2057.Suleimenov Y.M., Atazhanova G.A., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2057.Demirci, Demirci, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2057.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2057.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2057.Baser, Demirci, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2057.Baser, Demirci, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 10 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2057.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax2057.Baser, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2026.Reddy, Angers, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 170C => 8C/min => 240C (12min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2051.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 60. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryNB-3512044.Kerrola, Galambosi, et al., 199425. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 170C => 8C/min => 240C (12min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2028.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006
Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Rabier, J.; Ruzzier, M.; Viano, J., Composition of volatile oils of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) leaves at different phenological stages, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 9, 705-709, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.05.008 . [all data]

Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 2
Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessière, J.-M.; Rabier, J.; Masotti, V.; J.; M.; Girard, G.; Viano, J., Essential oil composition of leaf, flower and stem of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) from south-eastern France, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 809-812, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1731 . [all data]

Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 2005
Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 1, 17-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Avato, Raffo, et al., 2004
Avato, P.; Raffo, F.; Aldouri, N.A.; Vartanian, S.T., Essential oils of varthemia iphionoides from Jordan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 559-561, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1351 . [all data]

Siani, Garrido, et al., 2004
Siani, A.C.; Garrido, I.S.; Monteiro, S.S.; Carvalho, E.S.; Ramos, M.F.S., Protium icicariba as a source of volatile essences, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 5, 477-489, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2003.11.003 . [all data]

Amparo Blázquez, Pérez, et al., 2003
Amparo Blázquez, M.; Pérez, I.; Boira, H., Essential oil analysis of Teucrium libanitis and T. turredanum by GC and GC-MS, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 497-501, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1256 . [all data]

El-Ghorab, Fadel, et al., 2002
El-Ghorab, A.H.; Fadel, H.M.; El-Massry, K.F., The Egyptian Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. brevirostris: chemical compositions of the fruit volatile oil and antioxidant activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 4, 306-312, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1085 . [all data]

Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 2002
Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Rao, L.J.; Sakariah, K.K., Chemical composition of volatile oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum buds, Z. Naturforsch. C:, 2002, 57c, 990-993, retrieved from http://www.znaturforsch.com/57c/s57c0990.pdf. [all data]

Kardali, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2000
Kardali, M.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M., Essential Oil Constituents of Sideritis ibanyezii Pau, Botanica Complutensis, 2000, 24, 101-106. [all data]

Weissbecker B., Van Loon J.J.A., et al., 2000
Weissbecker B.; Van Loon J.J.A.; Posthumus M.A.; Bouwmeester H.J.; Dicke M., Identification of volatile potato sesquiterpenoids and their olfactory detection by the two-spotted stinkbug Perillus bioculatus, J. Chem. Ecol., 2000, 26, 6, 1433-1445, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005535708866 . [all data]

Senatore and de Feo, 1999
Senatore, F.; de Feo, V., Chemical composition of the essential oil from Tagetes mandonii Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 1, 32-34, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<32::AID-FFJ772>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Siani, Ramos, et al., 1999
Siani, A.C.; Ramos, M.F.S.; Menezes-de-Lima, O., Jr.; Ribeiro-dos-Santos, R.; Fernadez-Ferreira, E.; Soares, R.O.A.; Rosas, E.C.; Susunaga, G.S.; Guimarães, A.C.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Henriques, M.G.M.O., Evaluation of anti-inflammatory-related activity of essential oils from the leaves and resin of species of Protium, J. Ethnopharmacol., 1999, 66, 1, 57-69, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(98)00148-2 . [all data]

de Feo, Porta, et al., 1998
de Feo, V.; Porta, G.D.; Urrunaga Soria, E.; Urrunaga Soria, R.; Senatore, F., Composition of the essential oil of Tagetes filifolia Lag., Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 145-147, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<145::AID-FFJ707>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Fiorini, Fourasté, et al., 1997
Fiorini, C.; Fourasté, I.; David, B.; Bessière, J.M., Composition of the flower, leaf, and stem essential oils from Laurus nobilis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 2, 91-93, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199703)12:2<91::AID-FFJ623>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Senatore, Urrunaga Soria, et al., 1997
Senatore, F.; Urrunaga Soria, E.; Urrunaga Soria, R.; Porta, G.D.; Taddeo, R.; de Feo, V., Essential oil of Eremocharis triradiata (Wolff.) Johnston (Apiaceae) growing wild in Perú, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 4, 257-259, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199707)12:4<257::AID-FFJ645>3.0.CO;2-4 . [all data]

Jantan, Ali, et al., 1995
Jantan, I.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R., Constituents of the essential oil of Leptospermum javanicum blume from peninsular Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1995, 10, 4, 255-258, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.2730100406 . [all data]

Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995
Loayza, I.; Abujder, D.; Aranda, R.; Jakupovic, J.; Collin, G.; Deslauriers, H.; Jean, F.-I., Essential oils of Baccharis salicifolia, B. latifolia and B. dracunculifolia, Phytochemistry, 1995, 38, 2, 381-389, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(94)00628-7 . [all data]

Tuberoso, Kowalczyk, et al., 2005
Tuberoso, C.I.G.; Kowalczyk, A.; Coroneo, V.; Russo, M.T.; Dessì, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical Composition and Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 26, 10148-10153, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0518913 . [all data]

Araújo, Silveira, et al., 2003
Araújo, E.C.C.; Silveira, E.R.; Lima, M.A.S.; Neto, M.A.; de Andrade, I.L.; Lima, M.A.A.; Santiago, G.M.P.; Mesquita, A.L.M., Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii Benth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3760-3762, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021074s . [all data]

Frizzo, Serafini, et al., 2001
Frizzo, C.D.; Serafini, L.A.; Dellacassa, E.; Lorenzo, D.; Moyna, P., Essential oil of Baccharis uncinella DC. from Southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 286-288, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.998 . [all data]

Roscigno, 1998
Roscigno, G., Estrazione supercritica di principi farmaceutici e biopesticidi, Tesi di Laurea, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Salerno, Italy, 1998, 121. [all data]

Cunicao, Lopes, et al., 2007
Cunicao, M.M.; Lopes, A.R.; Côcco, L.C.; Yamamoto, C.I.; Plocharski, R.C.B.; Miguel, M.D.; Junior, A.G.; Auer, C.G.; Miguel, O.G., Phytochemical and antibacterial evaluation of essential oils from Ottonia Martiana Miq. (Piperaceae), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2007, 18, 1, 184-188, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532007000100021 . [all data]

Martins, Santos, et al., 2007
Martins, F.T.; Santos, M.H.; Polo, M.; Barbosa, L.C.A., Effects of the interactions among macronutrients, plant age and photoperiod in the composition of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit essential oil from Alfenas (MG), Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 123-129, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1769 . [all data]

Melo, Corrêa, et al., 2007
Melo, R.M.; Corrêa, V.F.S.; Amorim, A.C.L.; Miranda, A.L.P.; Rezende, C.M., Identification of Impact Aroma Compounds in Eugenia uniflora L. (Brazilian Pitanga) Leaf Essential Oil, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2007, 18, 1, 179-183, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532007000100020 . [all data]

Silva, Barbosa, et al., 2007
Silva, C.J.; Barbosa, L.C.A.; Maltha, C.R.A.; Pinheiro, A.L.; Ismail, F.M.D., Comparative study of the essential oils of seven Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) species grown in Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 474-478, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1823 . [all data]

Javidnia K., Miri R., et al., 2006
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Notes

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