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2-Heptenal, (Z)-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1927.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1931.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5964.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5906.Bertoli, Pistelli, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5964.Campeol, Flamini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5964.Campeol, Flamini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5903.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5964.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5956.1Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30932.Misharina and Golovnya, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1287.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101331.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101331.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1339.Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 32C(1.5min) => 3C/min => 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 200C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS962.Liu, Lu, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 3. min
CapillaryHP-5964.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS958.Hadaruga, Hadaruga, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-5958.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-5949.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5956.Lee, Macku, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5952.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-1927.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryOV-101936.Stern, Flath, et al., 198540. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101928.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS964.Liu, Lu, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5957.Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 Cb927.Collin, Nizet, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)
CapillaryHP-5951.Dou, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 110 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 170 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS963.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryHP-5947.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS927.Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C(2min) => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1319.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1318.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101322.Wong and Lai, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1298.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1320.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1340.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1331.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 63-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.047 . [all data]

Bertoli, Pistelli, et al., 2004
Bertoli, A.; Pistelli, L.; Morelli, I.; Fraternale, D.; Giamperi, L.; Ricci, D., Volatile constituents of different parts (roots, stems and leaves) of Smyrnium olusatrum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 522-525, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1382 . [all data]

Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2003
Campeol, E.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Cremonini, R.; Ceccarini, L., Volatile fractions from three cultivars of Olea eruopaea L. collected in two different seasons, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 7, 1994-1999, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026025u . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Ceccarini, L.; Andolfi, L.; Macchia, M., Composition of the essential oil of Medicago marina L. from the coastal dunes of Tuscany, Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 460-462, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1253 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Volatiles from leaves, fruits, and virgin oil from Olea europaea Cv. Olivastra Seggianese from Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 5, 1382-1386, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020854y . [all data]

Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2003, 3, 3, 665-682, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-3-665-2003 . [all data]

Misharina and Golovnya, 1996
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V., Study of the composition of volatiles in raw and processed sardine by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1996, 51, 7, 791-795. [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Liu, S.-E.; Wu, C.-M., Volatile components of salted and pickled prunes (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 1, 140-144, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00067a038 . [all data]

Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Cantoni, C.; Careri, M.; Chiesa, L.; Musci, M.; Pinna, A., Characterization of the aromatic profile for the authentication and differentiation of typical Italian dry-sausages, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1552-1563, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.02.019 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 1998
Iversen, C.K.; Jakobsen, H.B.; Olsen, C.-E., Aroma changes during black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) nectar processing, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1132-1136, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970513y . [all data]

Liu, Lu, et al., 2011
Liu, S.; Lu, S.; Su, Y.; Guo, Y., Analysis of volatile compounds in Radix Bupleuri injection by GC-MS-MS, Chromatographia, 2011, 74, 5-6, 497-502, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-011-2082-7 . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2008
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L., Composition of the essential oils from leafy parts of the shoots, flowers and fruits of Eryngium amethystinum from Amiata Mount (Tuscany, Italy), Food Chem., 2008, 107, 2, 671-674, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.08.064 . [all data]

Hadaruga, Hadaruga, et al., 2006
Hadaruga, N.G.; Hadaruga, D.I.; Paunescu, V.; Tatu, C.; Ordodi, V.L.; Bandur, G.; Lupea, A.X., Thermal stability of the linoleic acid/«alpha»- and «beta»-cyclodextrin complexes, Food Chem., 2006, 99, 3, 500-508, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.08.012 . [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 2003, 23, 4, 497-511, https://doi.org/10.3166/sda.23.497-511 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2002, 33, 3, 115-119. [all data]

Lee, Macku, et al., 1991
Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1972-1975, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a017 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1265-1269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a014 . [all data]

Binder, Benson, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Benson, M.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile Components of Safflower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 5, 1245-1248, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00095a020 . [all data]

Stern, Flath, et al., 1985
Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Lundin, R.E.; Benson, M.E., Crude oleic acid volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 180-184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a005 . [all data]

Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 2009
Pugliese, C.; Sirtori, F.; Ruiz, J.; Martin, D.; Parenti, S.; Franci, O., Effect of pasture on chestnut or acorn on fatty acid composition and aromatic profile of fat of China Senece dry-cured ham, Gracas y Aceites, 2009, 60, 3, 271-276, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.130208 . [all data]

Collin, Nizet, et al., 2008
Collin, S.; Nizet, S.; Muls, S.; Iraqi, R.; Bouseta, A., Characterization of odor-active compounds in extracts obtained by simultaneous extraction/distillation from Moroccan black olives, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 9, 3273-3278, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf073488x . [all data]

Dou, Li, et al., 2007
Dou, H.-L.; Li, C.-M.; Gu, H.-F.; Hao, J.-F., Comparative analysis on aromatic components of green tea and fresh green tea beverage using HS-SPME/GC-MS/GC-olfactometry/RI methods, Journal of Tea Science, 2007, 27, 1, 51-60. [all data]

Liu, Xu, et al., 2007
Liu, Y.; Xu, X.-L.; Zhou, G.-H., Comparative study of volatile compounds in traditional Chinese Nanjing marinated duck by different extraction techniques, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2007, 42, 5, 543-550, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01264.x . [all data]

Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 2005
Iraqi, R.; Vermeulen, C.; Benzekri, A.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 4, 1179-1184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040349w . [all data]

Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002
Fu, S.-G.; Yoon, Y.; Basemore, R., Aroma-actie components in fermented bamboo shoots, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 3, 549-554, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010883t . [all data]

Umano, Nakahara, et al., 1999
Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Var. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 9, 3702-3705, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990116i . [all data]

Wong and Lai, 1996
Wong, K.C.; Lai, F.Y., Volatile constituents from the fruits of four Syzygium species grown in Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199601)11:1<61::AID-FFJ539>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Kator, K., Volatile constituents of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) as affected by extraction process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 4, 633-636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00028a023 . [all data]

Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 2011
Johanningsmeier, S.D.; McFeeters, R.F., Detection of volatile spoilage metabolites in fermented cucumbers using nontargeted, comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGCxTOFMS), J. Food Sci., 2011, 76, 1, c168-c177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01918.x . [all data]


Notes

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