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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil560. ± 30.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus290. ± 4.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple291.8KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Ttriple291.0KN/AGibson and Giauque, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc850.KN/ANikitin, Pavlov, et al., 1993Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc74.02atmN/ANikitin, Pavlov, et al., 1993Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.97 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap21.9 ± 0.2kcal/molCBastos, Nilsson, et al., 1988Uc=-1653.1±0.4 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltavap21.9kcal/molN/ABastos, Nilsson, et al., 1988DRB
Deltavap21.9 ± 0.2kcal/molCBastos, Nilsson, et al., 1988AC
Deltavap20.5kcal/molVRoss and Heideger, 1962ALS

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
455.20.026Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
18.8484.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 469. - 563. K.; AC
20.5308.MEStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 343. K. See also Ross and Heideger, 1962 and Dykyj, 1970.; AC
20.7316.MECammenga, Schulze, et al., 1977Based on data from 291. - 341. K.; AC
16.1343.GCNováková and Novák, 1977AC
16.0353.GCNováková and Novák, 1977AC
15.8363.GCNováková and Novák, 1977AC
15.7373.GCNováková and Novák, 1977AC
15.5383.GCNováková and Novák, 1977AC
17.1300.N/AMcFeely and Somorjai, 1972Based on data from 278. - 323. K.; AC
21.471.N/ARichardson, 1886Based on data from 456. - 553. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
456.40 - 533.63.931661411.531-200.566Richardson, 1886, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
4.3745292.Yoshida, 1944DH
4.3702291.0Gibson and Giauque, 1923DH
4.369293.Acree, 1991AC
4.4159291.75Volmer and Marder, 1931DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.0292.Yoshida, 1944DH
15.0291.0Gibson and Giauque, 1923DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Gibson and Giauque, 1923
Gibson, G.E.; Giauque, W.F., The third law of thermodynamics. Evidence from the specific heats of glycerol that the entropy of a glass exceeds that of a crystal at the absolute zero, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1923, 45, 93-104. [all data]

Nikitin, Pavlov, et al., 1993
Nikitin, E.D.; Pavlov, P.A.; Skripov, P.V., Measurement of the critical properties of thermally unstable substances and mixtures by the pulse-heating method, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1993, 25, 869-80. [all data]

Bastos, Nilsson, et al., 1988
Bastos, M.; Nilsson, S-O.; Ribeiro Da Silva, M.D.M.C.; Ribeiro Da Silva, M.A.V.; Wadso, I., Thermodynamic properties of glycerol enthalpies of combustion and vaporization and the heat capacity at 298.15 K. Enthalpies of solution in water at 288.15, 298.15, and 308.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1988, 20, 1353-1359. [all data]

Ross and Heideger, 1962
Ross, G.R.; Heideger, W.J., Vapor pressure of glycerol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1962, 7, 505-507. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Cammenga, Schulze, et al., 1977
Cammenga, Heiko K.; Schulze, Friedrich W.; Theuerl, Wilhelm, Vapor pressure and evaporation coefficient of glycerol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1977, 22, 2, 131-134, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60073a004 . [all data]

Nováková and Novák, 1977
Nováková, N.; Novák, J., Measurement of heats of vaporization by means of a gas chromatograph, Journal of Chromatography A, 1977, 135, 1, 13-24, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86297-4 . [all data]

McFeely and Somorjai, 1972
McFeely, F.R.; Somorjai, G.A., Vaporization kinetics of hydrogen-bonded liquids, J. Phys. Chem., 1972, 76, 6, 914-918, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100650a022 . [all data]

Richardson, 1886
Richardson, Arthur, LXXIII.?Determinations of vapour-pressures of alcohols and organic acids, and the relations existing between the vapour-pressures of the alcohols and organic acids, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 1886, 49, 761, https://doi.org/10.1039/ct8864900761 . [all data]

Richardson, 1886, 2
Richardson, A., LXXIII. Determinations of Vapour-Pressures of Alcohols and Organic Acids, and the Relations Existing Between the Vapour-Pressures of the Alcohols and Organic Acids, J. Chem. Soc., 1886, 49, 761-776, https://doi.org/10.1039/ct8864900761 . [all data]

Yoshida, 1944
Yoshida, U., Structural relaxation of amorphous solids and the cybotactic structure of super-cooled liquids, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., 1944, 24A, 135-148. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Volmer and Marder, 1931
Volmer, M.; Marder, M., Zur theorie der linearen kristallistionsgeschwindigkeit unterkuhlter schmelzen und unterkuhlter fester modifikationen, Z. Physik. Chem., 1931, 154A, 97-112. [all data]


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