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Benz[a]anthracene

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-12433.59Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryOV-12432.8Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-522400.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522389.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1012403.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane2423.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2393.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-52440.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52441.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52447.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52447.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52452.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52453.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryUltra-12418.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryUltra-12421.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-52445.Quilliam, Lant, et al., 198530. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2403.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedMethyl Silicone200.398.96Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone200.401.97Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone235.399.22Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone240.399.00Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone260.399.71Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone300.400.00Shlyakhov, 1984 

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPE-5398.2Jamoussi, Kanzari, et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min; Tend: 345. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane398.50Skrbic and Onjia, 20062. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane398.60Skrbic and Onjia, 200680. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5398.60Pedersen, Durant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 310. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5398.69Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS398.51Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS398.53Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPTE-5398.57Wang, Jia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 12.5 min
CapillaryHP-5398.262Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.55Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.59Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.60Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.62Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.63Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.64Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.64Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5398.63Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5398.72Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-54398.33Chen, 19964. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-52398.36Shaogang and Xiaobai, 199440. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-5398.1Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min
CapillarySPB-5398.5Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54398.22Guillén, Blanco, et al., 198920. m/0.22 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-52398.14Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 19883. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 130. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5398.40Sye, Lin, et al., 198830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 80. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5398.69Wise, Benner, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-52398.50Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryDB-5398.77Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5398.6Quilliam, Lant, et al., 198530. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5397.55Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillarySE-52398.76Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52398.50Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5398.2Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS398.36Wang, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 258C => 2C/min => 300C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS398.36Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS398.69Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS398.76Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane398.40Skrbic and Onjia, 2006Program: 70 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 4 0C/min -> 310 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS397.7Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5398.31Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryLM-5398.4Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryUltra-1398.3Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryUltra-1398.4Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryUltra-1398.6Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS398.7Brack and Schirmer, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C 7 0C/min -> 280 0C (2 min) 7 0C/min -> 300 0C (2 min)
CapillaryDB-5398.6Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5398.36Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryLM-5398.40Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5398.7Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillaryDB-5400.29Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillarySE-54398.50Chen, 1996Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52398.76Shaogang and Xiaobai, 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54396.46Guillen, Iglesias, et al., 1992Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5398.41Takada, Onda, et al., 1990He; Program: 70C(2min) => 30C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 310C
CapillaryDB-5398.50Naikwadi, Charbonneau, et al., 1987Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5399.10Naikwadi, Charbonneau, et al., 1987Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101400.0Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5396.38Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52394.44Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52396.70Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52397.95Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52398.46Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52398.47Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52398.50Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52398.59Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52400.00Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 1997
Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, for the identification of components in the essential oil of Curcuma longa L., J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 760, 2, 303-308, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00802-3 . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Beernaert, 1979
Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 173, 1, 109-118, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80450-7 . [all data]

Carugno and Rossi, 1967
Carugno, N.; Rossi, S., Evaluation of polynuclear hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke by glass capillary columns, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.2.103 . [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996
Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 1996, 45, 9, 825-835, https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.45.825 . [all data]

Miao and Wu, 1999
Miao, X.; Wu, F., Study on retention behaviors of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by gas chromatography in different operation models, J. Instrumental Anal., 1999, 15, 4, 288-292. [all data]

Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 1996
Elizalde-González, M.P.; Hutfliess, M.; Hedden, K., Retention index system, adsorption characteristics, and sructure correlations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuels, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 345-352, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190608 . [all data]

Quilliam, Lant, et al., 1985
Quilliam, M.A.; Lant, M.S.; Kaiser-Farrell, C.; McCalla, D.R.; Sheldrake, C.P.; Kerr, A.A.; Lockington, J.N.; Gibson, E.S., Identification of polycyclic aromatic compounds in of poly-mutagenic emissions from steel casting, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 1985, 12, 4, 143-150, https://doi.org/10.1002/bms.1200120402 . [all data]

Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 1998
Oda, J.; Yasuhara, A.; Matsunaga, K.; Saito, Y., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivatives, Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 1998, 44, 5, 334-351, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.44.334 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]

Jamoussi, Kanzari, et al., 2007
Jamoussi, B.; Kanzari, F.; Hassine, B.B.; Abderrabba, A., Using Bezier curves for the calculation of retention indices of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the so-called Lee's scale in temperature-programmed gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2007, 45, 1, 22-27, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/45.1.22 . [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 2000, 120, 3/4, 381-396, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005251618062 . [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Chen, 1996
Chen, J., GC and GC/MS methods for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in sediment of the grand canal of China, Toxicol. Environ. Chem., 1996, 54, 1-4, 69-73, https://doi.org/10.1080/02772249609358297 . [all data]

Shaogang and Xiaobai, 1994
Shaogang, C.; Xiaobai, X., System for calculating the linear temperature-programmed retention indices of polycylic aromatic compounds, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 5, 339-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170511 . [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 642, 1-2, 409-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80106-I . [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]

Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989
Guillén, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 8, 552-554, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120816 . [all data]

Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 1988
Hasegawa, K.; Muragishi, T.; Usami, S., Component analysis of coal-derivated heavy oil. Analysis of carcinogenic components in neutral nonpolar fractions, Nippon Kagaku Kaishi, 1988, 3, 3, 311-320, https://doi.org/10.1246/nikkashi.1988.311 . [all data]

Sye, Lin, et al., 1988
Sye, W.-F.; Lin, C.-L.; Yen, D.-P.; Tsai, C.-S., Polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons formation from luel and additives combustion, J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 1988, 35, 1, 1-11. [all data]

Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 9, 887-894, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00160a012 . [all data]

Boenke and Ballschmiter, 1987
Boenke, A.; Ballschmiter, K., Fused quinones as retention index marker in high resolution gas chromatography with electron-capture detection (HRGC/ECD) of oxidized aromatic compounds, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 1987, 327, 1, 44-45, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00474554 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Tong, Centen, et al., 1985
Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 373-383, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81336-4 . [all data]

Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982
Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 1-20, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88394-1 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]

Wang, Li, et al., 2007
Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Yang, C., Identification, characterization and quantitation of pyrogenic polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons and other organic compounds in tire fire products, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1139, 1, 14-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.10.085 . [all data]

Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 2
Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Brown, C.E.; Yang, C.; Hollebone, B.P., Identification and characterization of polycyclic aromatic compounds in tire fire products and differentiation of pyrogenic PAHs from petrogenic PAHs in Proceedings of the 30th Arctic and Marine Oilspill (AMOP) Technical Seminar. Vol.1, 2007, 61-85. [all data]

Aracil, Font, et al., 2005
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Notes

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