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2-Butene, 2,3-dimethyl-

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeSqualaneSqualaneOV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 150.93.   
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2500.250   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 30.30.25.40.60.
I 630.4624.2624.630.631.
ReferenceSoják, Addová, et al., 2002Soják, Addová, et al., 2002Hilal, Carreira, et al., 1994Laub and Purnell, 1988Laub and Purnell, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)  100.100.100.100.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.270.270.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.90.9  
Temperature (C) 80.50.70.50.70.
I 631.630.6631.1625.3626.
ReferenceLaub and Purnell, 1988Boneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30DB-1HP-PONASqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 3.60.50.100.100.
Carrier gas  H2H2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.2640.210.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.5  
Temperature (C) 42.40.40.50.70.
I 630.631.631.624.8626.
ReferenceRudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985Lubeck and Sutton, 1984Lubeck and Sutton, 1984Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.50.50.50.70.
I 626.625.625.625.626.
ReferenceChrétien and Dubois, 1977Chretien and Dubois, 1976Rijks, van den Berg, et al., 1974Rijks, van den Berg, et al., 1974Rijks, van den Berg, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)  100.100.91.415.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2He
Substrate     Chromosorb P
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.50.70.40.27.
I 626.625.626.614.625.
ReferenceRijks, van den Berg, et al., 1974Rijks and Cramers, 1974Rijks and Cramers, 1974Matukuma, 1969Hively and Hinton, 1968
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 15.15.15.100.10.
Carrier gas HeHeHeAr 
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P  
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.25  
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 49.67.86.70.26.
I 626.627.627.625.612.
ReferenceHively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Schomburg, 1967Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Soják, Addová, et al., 2002
Soják, L.; Addová, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 947, 1, 103-117, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01564-3 . [all data]

Hilal, Carreira, et al., 1994
Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 662, 2, 269-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80515-6 . [all data]

Laub and Purnell, 1988
Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 9, 649-660, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110908 . [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices for Alkenes on OV-101 and Squalane Capillary Columns, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 3, 149-151, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02311743 . [all data]

Rudenko, Mal'tsev, et al., 1985
Rudenko, G.I.; Mal'tsev, V.V.; Studenichnik, V.N.; Ustinov, E.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile substances evolved into atmosphere from polymer materials, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1985, 40, 6, 1119-1127. [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1984
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1984, 7, 9, 542-544, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240070913 . [all data]

Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979
Bajus, M.; Veselý, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 1. Pyrolysis of heptane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 1979, 18, 1, 30-37, https://doi.org/10.1021/i360069a007 . [all data]

Chrétien and Dubois, 1977
Chrétien, J.R.; Dubois, J.E., Topological analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic behavior of alkenes, Anal. Chem., 1977, 49, 6, 747-756, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50014a021 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 171-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84071-1 . [all data]

Rijks, van den Berg, et al., 1974
Rijks, J.A.; van den Berg, J.H.M.; Diependaal, J.P., Characterization of hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by two-dimensional precision gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 91, 603-612, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97941-5 . [all data]

Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 3, 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269819 . [all data]

Matukuma, 1969
Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 1969, 7, 55-75. [all data]

Hively and Hinton, 1968
Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1968, 6, 4, 203-217, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/6.4.203 . [all data]

Schomburg, 1967
Schomburg, G., Struktur und Retentionsverhalten von Offenkettigen und Cyclischen Kohlenwasserstoffen und Deren Einfacher Substitutionsprodukte, Anal. Chim. Acta., 1967, 38, 45-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(01)80560-2 . [all data]

Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966
Zulaïca, J.; Guiochon, G., Analyse des hauts polymères par chromatographie en phase gazeuse de leurs produits de pyrolyse. II. Application à quelques hydrocarbures macromoléculaires purs, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1966, 4, 1351-1363. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References