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1-Butene, 3-methyl-

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeSqualaneSqualaneDB-1HP-PONA
Column length (m) 150.93.50.60.50.
Carrier gas HeHe H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2500.2500.250.2640.21
Phase thickness (mum)    0.250.5
Temperature (C) 30.30.50.40.40.
I 457.1450.1450.0457.457.
ReferenceSoják, Addová, et al., 2002Soják, Addová, et al., 2002Papazova, Milina, et al., 1988Lubeck and Sutton, 1984Lubeck and Sutton, 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 150.100.100.100.100.
Carrier gas He    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.500.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 20.50.70.50.70.
I 450.450.6450.2450.7449.8
ReferenceNijs and Jacobs, 1981Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.  120.100.
Carrier gas N2  HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2  0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5    
Temperature (C) 50.80.50.100.50.
I 475.11451.450.471.1450.
ReferencePacáková and Koslík, 1978Chrétien and Dubois, 1977Chretien and Dubois, 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 100.100.91.415.15.
Carrier gas N2 N2HeHe
Substrate    Chromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.27.40.27.49.
I 451.449.45472.449.450.
ReferenceRijks and Cramers, 1974Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973Matukuma, 1969Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSE-30SqualaneApiezon L
Column length (m) 15.15.7.910.2.25
Carrier gas HeHe   
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PDiatoport S Celite
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 67.86.70.26.130.
I 452.452.460.454.448.
ReferenceHively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Widmer, 1967Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Packed
Active phase Apiezon L
Column length (m) 2.25
Carrier gas  
Substrate Celite
Column diameter (mm)  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Temperature (C) 70.
I 450.
ReferenceWehrli and Kováts, 1959
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Soják, Addová, et al., 2002
Soják, L.; Addová, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 947, 1, 103-117, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01564-3 . [all data]

Papazova, Milina, et al., 1988
Papazova, D.; Milina, R.; Dimov, N., Comparative evaluation of retention of hydrocarbons present in the C5-petroleum fraction of methylsilicone and squalane phases, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 3, 177-180, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02316441 . [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1984
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1984, 7, 9, 542-544, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240070913 . [all data]

Nijs and Jacobs, 1981
Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 1, 40-45, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.1.40 . [all data]

Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979
Bajus, M.; Veselý, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 2. Pyrolysis of methylcyclohexane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 1979, 18, 2, 135-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/i360070a012 . [all data]

Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2
Bajus, M.; Veselý, V.; Leclercq, P.A.; Rijks, J.A., Steam cracking of hydrocarbons. 1. Pyrolysis of heptane, Ind. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev., 1979, 18, 1, 30-37, https://doi.org/10.1021/i360069a007 . [all data]

Pacáková and Koslík, 1978
Pacáková, V.; Koslík, V., Capillary reaction gas chromatography. I. Catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1978, 11, 5, 266-273, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02282952 . [all data]

Chrétien and Dubois, 1977
Chrétien, J.R.; Dubois, J.E., Topological analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic behavior of alkenes, Anal. Chem., 1977, 49, 6, 747-756, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50014a021 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 171-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84071-1 . [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53. [all data]

Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 3, 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269819 . [all data]

Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973
Schomburg, G.; Dielmann, G., Identification by means of retention parameters, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1973, 11, 3, 151-159, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/11.3.151 . [all data]

Matukuma, 1969
Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 1969, 7, 55-75. [all data]

Hively and Hinton, 1968
Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1968, 6, 4, 203-217, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/6.4.203 . [all data]

Widmer, 1967
Widmer, H., Gas chromatographic identification of hydrocarbons using retention indices, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 10, 506-510, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.10.506 . [all data]

Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966
Zulaïca, J.; Guiochon, G., Analyse des hauts polymères par chromatographie en phase gazeuse de leurs produits de pyrolyse. II. Application à quelques hydrocarbures macromoléculaires purs, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1966, 4, 1351-1363. [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References