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Carbon Tetrachloride

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type PackedCapillaryPackedPackedPacked
Active phase C78, Branched paraffinDB-1C78, Branched paraffinApolaneOV-1
Column length (m) 3.330.3.33.73.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate   Chromosorb G HP Chromosorb W DMCS
Column diameter (mm)  0.53   
Phase thickness (mum)  5.0   
Temperature (C)
I 680.5660.680.7680.667.
ReferenceDallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Dutoit, 1991Castello and Gerbino, 1988
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase OV-1OV-1SqualaneSE-30SE-30
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeN2Ar 
Substrate Chromosorb W DMCSChromosorb W DMCSChezasorb AW-HMDSGas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh)Gaschrom Q
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C)
I 673.662.648.680.672.
ReferenceCastello and Gerbino, 1988Castello and Gerbino, 1988Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988Tiess, 1984Winskowski, 1983
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Porapack QApolaneSqualaneApiezon LDC-200
Column length (m)  2.4 2.34.
Carrier gas N2HeN2N2 
Substrate  Chromosorb DCMS-treated Chromosorb W 
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C)
I 628.663.1647.679.669.
ReferenceGoebel, 1982Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976Vernon, 1971Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968Rohrschneider, 1966
Column type PackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneApiezon LApiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 5.5.  
Carrier gas     
Substrate   Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis)
Column diameter (mm)     
Phase thickness (mum)     
Temperature (C)
I 656.682.691.671.
ReferenceRohrschneider, 1966Rohrschneider, 1966von Kováts, 1958von Kováts, 1958


Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997
Dewulf, J.; Van Langenhove, H.; Everaert, M., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile organic compounds estimation of the sorption equilibrium from the Kováts index, effect of salinity and humic acids and the study of the kinetics by the development of an agitated/static layer model, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 761, 1-2, 205-217, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00810-2 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Castello and Gerbino, 1988
Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 437, 33-45, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90369-8 . [all data]

Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988
Pacáková, V.; Vojtechová, H.; Coufal, P., Reaction gas chromatography: study of the photodecomposition of halogenated hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 7, 621-626, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02327659 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Vernon, 1971
Vernon, F., An investigation into hydrogen bonding in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 63, 249-257, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)85637-5 . [all data]

Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

von Kováts, 1958
von Kováts, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1958, 41, 7, 1915-1932, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19580410703 . [all data]


Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References