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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase VF-Wax MSDB-WaxDB-Wax EtrCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeliumHe
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Tstart (C)
Tend (C)
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min) 5. 5.2. 
Final hold (min)
I 1317.1277.1301.1318.1320.
ReferenceDuarte, Dias, et al., 2010Berlinet, Brat, et al., 2006Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 2006de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005Lee, Umano, et al., 2005
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxHP-InnowaxHP-FFAPHP-WaxTC-Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Tstart (C)
Tend (C)
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min)
Final hold (min)  50.5. 10.
I 1319.1328.1277.1337.1282.
ReferenceIshikawa, Ito, et al., 2004Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004Qian and Reineccius, 2002Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 2002
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-WaxTC-WaxHP-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeHeNitrogenHe
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5 0.5 0.5
Tstart (C)
Tend (C)
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min) 6. 6.10.1.
Final hold (min)  47.  25.
I 1337.1339.1337.1327.1317.
ReferenceMaeztu, Sanz, et al., 2001Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Pollak and Berger, 1996
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10DB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.50.
Carrier gas HeHe 
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 
Tstart (C) 40.30.70.
Tend (C) 200.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 3.4. 
Final hold (min) 30.25. 
I 1328.1311.1302.
ReferenceWong and Lai, 1996Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 1991Engel and Tressl, 1983


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Berlinet, Brat, et al., 2006
Berlinet, C.; Brat, P.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Ducruet, V., Ascorbic acid, aroma compounds and browning of orange juices related to PET packaging materials and pH, J. of the Sci., Food and Agriculture, 2006, 86, 13, 2206-2212, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2597 . [all data]

Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 2006
Ibarz, M.J.; Ferreira, V.; Hernández-Orte, P.; Loscos, N.; Cacho, J., Optimization and evaluation of a procedure for the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of the aromas generated by fast acid hydrolysis of flavor precursors extracted from grapes, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1116, 1-2, 217-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.020 . [all data]

de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005
de la Fuente, E.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Characterization of Spanish unifloral honeys by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 9-10, 1093-1100, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200500018 . [all data]

Lee, Umano, et al., 2005
Lee, S.-J.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T.; Lee, K.-G., Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 131-137, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.056 . [all data]

Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 2004
Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1322 . [all data]

Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
Soria, A.C.; Gonzalez, M.; de Lorenzo, C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanza, J., Characterization of artisanal honeys from Madrid (Central Spain) on the basis of their melissopalynological, physicochemical and volatile composition data, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 1, 121-130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.06.012 . [all data]

Qian and Reineccius, 2002
Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Identification of aroma compounds in Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese by gas chromatography/olfactometry, J. Dairy Sci., 2002, 85, 6, 1362-1369, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74202-1 . [all data]

Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002
Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 8, 840-847, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1110 . [all data]

Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 2002
Suhardi, S.; Suzuki, M.; Yoshida, K.; Muto, T.; Fujita, A.; Watanbe, N., Changes in the volatile compounds and in the chemical and physical properties of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw) Cv. Pondoh during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 26, 7627-7633, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020620e . [all data]

Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 2001
Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Peña, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5437-5444, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0107959 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001
Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N., Comparison of the essential oils of Glehnia littoralis from Northern and Southern Japan, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5433-5436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010219c . [all data]

Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001
Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1364-1369, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001100r . [all data]

Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000
Tamura, H.; Boonbumrung, S.; Yoshizawa, T.; Varanyanond, W., Volatile components of the essential oil in the pulp of four yellow mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) in Thailand, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 2000, 6, 1, 68-73, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.6.68 . [all data]

Pollak and Berger, 1996
Pollak, F.C.; Berger, R.G., Geosmin and Related Volatiles in Bioreactor-Cultured Streptomyces citreus CBS 109.60, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1996, 62, 4, 1295-1299. [all data]

Wong and Lai, 1996
Wong, K.C.; Lai, F.Y., Volatile constituents from the fruits of four Syzygium species grown in Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199601)11:1<61::AID-FFJ539>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 1991
Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Teranishi, R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M., Identification of additional pineapple volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 10, 1848-1851, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00010a032 . [all data]

Engel and Tressl, 1983
Engel, K.-H.; Tressl, R., Formation of aroma components from nonvolatile precursors in passion fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 998-1002, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a019 . [all data]


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References