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Nitroglycerin

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1,3-dinitrate + Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + Water

By formula: C3H6N2O7 + HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6. ± 1.kJ/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration
Deltar-5. ± 1.kJ/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase

Glycerol, 1,2-dinitrate + Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + Water

By formula: C3H6N2O7 + HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-10. ± 1.kJ/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration

1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1-nitrate + 2Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + 2Water

By formula: C3H7NO5 + 2HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-18. ± 1.kJ/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase

Glycerin + 3Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + 3Water

By formula: C3H8O3 + 3HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + 3H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-36. ± 2.kJ/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990
Kazakov, A.I.; Kirpichev, E.P.; Lagodzinskaya, G.V.; Andrienko, L.P.; Yunda, N.G.; Korolev, A.M.; Rubstov, Yu.I.; Manelis, G.B.; Eremenko, L.T., Study of nitration equilibrium in the glycerin-aqueous nitric acid system. 2. Changes in «DELTA»H and «DELTA»S in the nitration reaction, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Div. Chem. Sci., 1990, 1565-1570. [all data]

Kazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989
Kazakov, A.I.; Lagodzinskaya, E.P.; Kirpichev, E.P.; Andrienko, L.P.; Yunda, N.G.; Korolev, A.M.; Robtsov, Yu.I.; Manelis, G.V.; Eremenko, L.T., Thermodynamics of nitration of glycerol, Dokl. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1989, 305, 287-291. [all data]


Notes

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