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Methyl isovalerate

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-497.9 ± 7.5kJ/molCcbHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-538.9 ± 7.1kJ/molCcbHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -540. kJ/mol
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3537.2 ± 7.1kJ/molCcbHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -3540. kJ/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -538.90 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil390. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap41. ± 1.kJ/molEHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS
Deltavap41.0kJ/molN/AHancock, Watson, et al., 1954DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
41.2269.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 254. - 390. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
254.0 - 389.84.528191582.466-40.123Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

1,1,1-Trimethoxy-3-methylbutane + Water = Methyl isovalerate + 2Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C8H18O3 + H2O = C6H12O2 + 2CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-30.52 ± 0.067kJ/molCmWiberg, Martin, et al., 1985liquid phase; solvent: Aqueous dioxane
Deltar-30.82 ± 0.063kJ/molCmWiberg, 1980liquid phase; solvent: Water; Hydrolysis

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H6O2+10.16C3H6EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980 

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 796
NIST MS number 229527

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.761.3Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
PackedSE-30150.763.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.767.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.764.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS765.Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min
PackedApiezon L741.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 1.2 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L742.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Column length: 1.2 m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30763.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1019.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1025.Garruti, Franco, et al., 2001H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50 0C (8 min) 4 K/min -> 110 0C 16 K/min -> 200 0C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5770.Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.24 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5766.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS775.1Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillarySE-54775.Jagella and Grosch, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 65C => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-5778.Owens J.D., Allagheny N., et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C(20min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP1022.Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.24 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1019.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryLM-1201059.Pinto, Guedes, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1013.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1011.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)
CapillaryFFAP1017.Tairu, Hofmann, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C (5min) => 10C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP1010.Jagella and Grosch, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5770.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5781.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryMDN-5775.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-5785.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200560. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, Helium, 6. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5766.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5766.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5766.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5776.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1764.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1764.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-30761.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5776.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS773.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS772.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30763.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5773.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS793.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30764.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone761.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1766.Marlatt, Ho, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1754.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1758.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1020.Wijaya, Ulrich, et al., 200515. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1010.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1019.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1019.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1018.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1021.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1019.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1016.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1015.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1016.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1017.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryFFAP1012.Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1014.Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1020.Quijano and Pino, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB1014.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1008.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M1025.Garruti, Franco, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(8min) => 4C/min => 110C => 16C/min => 200C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1020.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1013.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hancock, Watson, et al., 1954
Hancock, C.K.; Watson, G.M.; Gilby, R.F., Heats of combustion of five-carbon fatty acids and their methyl and ethyl esters, J. Phys. Chem., 1954, 58, 127-129. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Wiberg, Martin, et al., 1985
Wiberg, K.B.; Martin, E.J.; Squires, R.R., Thermochemical studies of carbonyl compounds. 3. Enthalpies of hydrolysis of ortho esters, J. Org. Chem., 1985, 50, 4717-4720. [all data]

Wiberg, 1980
Wiberg, K.B., Energies of organic compounds, Rept. DOE-E(11-1)4060 Prepared for US Dept. of Energy by Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Avail. NTIS, 1980, 1-24. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1980
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Gas-phase heats of formation of keto and enol ions of carbonyl compounds., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 1591. [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 2006
Hazzit, M.; Baaliouamer, A.; Faleiro, M.L.; Miguel, M.G., Composition of the Essential Oils of Thymus and Origanum Species from Algeria and Their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6314-6321, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0606104 . [all data]

Rasmussen, 1983
Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 8, 1331-1335, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00259a033 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Garruti, Franco, et al., 2001
Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; da Silva, M.A.A.A.P.; Janzantti, N.S.; Alves, G.L., Compostos voláteis do sabor de pseudofrutos de cajueiro anão precoce (Anacardium occidentale L.) CCP-76, Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento 4, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Fortaleza, Brazil, 2001, 29, retrieved from http://www.cnpat.embrapa.br/publica/pub/BolPesq/pd4.pdf. [all data]

Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 2007
Scheidig, C.; Czerny, M.; Schieberle, P., Changes in Key Odorants of Raw Coffee Beans during Storage under Defined Conditions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 14, 5768-5775, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070488o . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1758 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Jagella and Grosch, 1999
Jagella, T.; Grosch, W., Flavour and off-flavour compounds of black and white pepper ( Piper nigrum L.) I. Evaluation of potent odorants of black pepper by dilution and concentration techniques, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 1999, 209, 1, 16-21, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170050449 . [all data]

Owens J.D., Allagheny N., et al., 1997
Owens J.D.; Allagheny N.; Kipping G.; Ames J.M., Formation of volatile compounds during Bacillus subtilis fermentation of soya beans, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1997, 74, 1, 132-140, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199705)74:1<132::AID-JSFA779>3.0.CO;2-8 . [all data]

Pinto, Guedes, et al., 2006
Pinto, A.B.; Guedes, C.M.; Moreira, R.F.A.; de Maria, C.A.B., Volatile constituents from headspace and aqueous solution of genipap (Genipa americana) fruit isolated by the solid-phase extraction method, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 488-491, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1623 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 2001
Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amadò, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2001, 212, 6, 648-657, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100305 . [all data]

Tairu, Hofmann, et al., 2000
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Notes

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