Benzaldehyde, 4-nitro-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-151.kJ/molCcbZavoianu, Contineanu, et al., 1987 
Deltafsolid-152.7kJ/molCcbRinkenbach, 1930Author hf298_condensed[kcal/mol]=-44.14
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-3318.kJ/molCcbZavoianu, Contineanu, et al., 1987 
Deltacsolid-3316.49kJ/molCcbRinkenbach, 1930Author hf298_condensed[kcal/mol]=-44.14

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus377.15KN/AHajos, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K
Tfus375.15KN/AHajos, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.5 K
Tfus380.KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)795.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity763.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.691 ± 0.087IMREChowdhury, Kishi, et al., 1989«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -37.7 kcal/mol, «DELTA»S = -3 eu est.; B
1.652 ± 0.087IMREHuh, Kang, et al., 1999«DELTA»G(EA) 343K; anchored to «DELTA»G value. Including anchor «DELTA»S, EA is ca. 0.4 kcal/mol more bound.; B
1.635 ± 0.087IMREMishima, Huh, et al., 1993«DELTA»Gea(343 K)=-29.4 kcal/mol. Reanchored to EA(PhNO2), Kebarle and Chowdhury, 1987.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.27 ± 0.01PEGal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985LBLHLM
10.27 ± 0.01EIFoffani, Pignataro, et al., 1964RDSH
10.37PEGal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COPYRIGHT (C) 1988 by COBLENTZ SOCIETY INC.
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 8654
Date 1963/05/17
Name(s) 4-nitrobenzaldehyde
State SOLUTION (CCl4 FOR 3800-1330, CS2 FOR 1330-400 CM-1)
Instrument DOW KBr FOREPRISM-GRATING
Instrument parameters BLAZED AT 3.5, 12.0, 20.0 MICRON AND CHANGED AT 5.0, 7.5, 14.9 MICRON
Path length 0.011 CM, 0.010 CM
SPECTRAL CONTAMINATION DUE TO CS2 AROUND 850, AND CCl4 AROUND 1550 CM-1
Resolution 2
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY COBLENTZ SOCIETY (BATCH I) FROM HARD COPY

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1602
NIST MS number 229523

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Lang (editor), 1963
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 19658
Instrument Unicam SP 500
Melting point 106

Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-101140.1291.8Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m
PackedOV-101160.1302.2Hassani and Meklati, 1992N2, Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 5. m

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Zavoianu, Contineanu, et al., 1987
Zavoianu, D.; Contineanu, I.; Moga-Gheorghe, S.; Marchidan, D.I., Structure and reactivity of nitriles. II. Condensing reactions of methyl and dimethylphenylacetonitriles with substituted aromatic aldehydes, Rev. Chim. (Bucharest), 1987, 38, 9-15. [all data]

Rinkenbach, 1930
Rinkenbach, W.H., The heats of combustion and formation of aromatic nitro compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 115-120. [all data]

Hajos, 1959
Hajos, A., Experiments in the Domain of chloroamphenicols VIII. Preparation of nitroacetophenones and nitrobenzaldehydes and various derivatives through oxidative oxime cleavage, Acta Chim. Acad. Sci. Hung., 1959, 21, 131. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Chowdhury, Kishi, et al., 1989
Chowdhury, S.; Kishi, H.; Dillow, G.W.; Kebarle, P., Electron Affinities of Substituted Nitrobenzenes, Can. J. Chem., 1989, 67, 4, 603, https://doi.org/10.1139/v89-091 . [all data]

Huh, Kang, et al., 1999
Huh, C.; Kang, C.H.; Lee, H.W.; Nakamura, H.; Mishima, M.; Tsuno, Y.; Yamataka, H., Thermodynamic stabilities and resonance demand of aromatic radical anions in the gas phase, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1999, 72, 5, 1083-1091, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.72.1083 . [all data]

Mishima, Huh, et al., 1993
Mishima, M.; Huh, C.; Nakamura, H.; Fujio, M.; Tsuno, Y., Electron Affinities of Benzaldehydes. Substituent Effects on Stabilities of Aromatic Radical Anions., Tetrahed. Lett., 1993, 34, 26, 4223, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4039(00)60533-6 . [all data]

Kebarle and Chowdhury, 1987
Kebarle, P.; Chowdhury, S., Electron affinities and electron transfer reactions, Chem. Rev., 1987, 87, 513. [all data]

Gal, Geribaldi, et al., 1985
Gal, J.-F.; Geribaldi, S.; Pfister-Guillouzo, G.; Morris, D.G., Basicity of the carbonyl group. Part 12. Correlations between ionization potentials and lewis basicities in aromatic carbonyl compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1985, 103. [all data]

Foffani, Pignataro, et al., 1964
Foffani, A.; Pignataro, S.; Cantone, B.; Grasso, F., Ionization potentials and substituent effects for aromatic carbonyl compounds, Z. Physik. Chem. (Frankfurt), 1964, 42, 221. [all data]

Lang (editor), 1963
Lang (editor), L., Absorption Spectra in the Ultraviolet and Visible Region, 1963, 4, 95. [all data]

Righezza, Hassani, et al., 1996
Righezza, M.; Hassani, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chrétien, J.R., Quantitative structure-retention relationships (QSRR) of congeneric aromatics series studied on phenyl OV phases in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 723, 1, 77-91, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)00816-0 . [all data]

Hassani and Meklati, 1992
Hassani, A.; Meklati, B.Y., Gas chromatographic behaviour of monosubstituted benzenes, benzaldehydes and acetophenones on OV polymethylphenyl-silicone stationary phases, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 5/6, 267-271, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02276193 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References