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Phenol, 3-nitro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-26.12 ± 0.26kcal/molCcrSabbah and Gouali, 1994Author was aware that data differs from previously reported values
Deltafgas-25.22 ± 0.43kcal/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-47.92 ± 0.24kcal/molCcrSabbah and Gouali, 1994Author was aware that data differs from previously reported values
Deltafsolid-49.16 ± 0.41kcal/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992 
Deltafsolid-53.7kcal/molCcbSwarts, 1914See 14SWA2
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-687.2 ± 0.2kcal/molCcrSabbah and Gouali, 1994Author was aware that data differs from previously reported values
Deltacsolid-685.95 ± 0.36kcal/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992 
Deltacsolid-688.4kcal/molCcbSwarts, 1914See 14SWA2

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus368. ± 4.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap20.5kcal/molBHeintz, Kapteina, et al., 2007AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub21.80 ± 0.12kcal/molCSabbah and Gouali, 1994Author was aware that data differs from previously reported values; ALS
Deltasub21.8 ± 0.1kcal/molCSabbah and Gouali, 1994, 2AC
Deltasub23.9 ± 0.1kcal/molVRibeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992ALS
Deltasub23.9 ± 0.1kcal/molN/ARibeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
467.20.092Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
23.5 ± 0.1321.MERibeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992AC
18.2319.5AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 305. - 334. K.; AC
21.9 ± 0.5328.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938ALS
21.9 ± 0.41325. - 336.N/ATrieschmann, 1935See also Wolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2 and Jones, 1960.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
4.5880370.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
4.316369.Musuc, Razus, et al., 2002AC
4.587371.2Acree, 1991See also Sabbah and Gouali, 1994, 2.; AC
4.59370.Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982AC
5.0908369.95Booss and Hauschildt, 1972DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.40370.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
13.8369.95Booss and Hauschildt, 1972DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.0399356.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IWojcik and Marqueton, 1989DH
4.7706370.crystaline, IliquidWojcik and Marqueton, 1989DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.11356.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IWojcik and Marqueton, 1989DH
13.370.crystaline, IliquidWojcik and Marqueton, 1989DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-nitro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-nitro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5NO3 = (Br- bullet C6H5NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.7 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Iodide + Phenol, 3-nitro- = (Iodide bullet Phenol, 3-nitro-)

By formula: I- + C6H5NO3 = (I- bullet C6H5NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.2 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.3 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.3423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H4NO3- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 3-nitro-

By formula: C6H4NO3- + H+ = C6H5NO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar334.3 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar334.6 ± 2.6kcal/molG+TSKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar327.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar327.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
500000. XN/AValue given here as quoted by missing citation.

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C6H5NO3+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.0PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1975LLK
9.33PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
NO+10.5 ± 0.2?EIBeynon, Hopkinson, et al., 1969RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H4NO3- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 3-nitro-

By formula: C6H4NO3- + H+ = C6H5NO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar334.3 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar334.6 ± 2.6kcal/molG+TSKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar327.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar327.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-nitro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-nitro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5NO3 = (Br- bullet C6H5NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.7 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Iodide + Phenol, 3-nitro- = (Iodide bullet Phenol, 3-nitro-)

By formula: I- + C6H5NO3 = (I- bullet C6H5NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.2 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.3 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.3423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 290675

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Grammaticakis, 1951
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 108
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 96.8
Boiling point 194(70)

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sabbah and Gouali, 1994
Sabbah, R.; Gouali, M., Energetics of intra- and inter-molecular bonds in the three nitrophenols, Aust. J. Chem., 1994, 47, 1651-1660. [all data]

Ribeiro Da Silva, Reis, et al., 1992
Ribeiro Da Silva, M.A.V.; Reis, A.M.M.V.; Monte, M.J.S.; Bartolo, M.M.S.S.F.; Rodrigues, J.A.R.G.O., Enthalpy of combustion, vapour pressures, and enthalpy of sublimation of 3-nitrophenol, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1992, 24, 653-659. [all data]

Swarts, 1914
Swarts, F., Sur la chaleur de combustion de quelques derives nitres aromatlques, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1914, 33, 281-298. [all data]

Heintz, Kapteina, et al., 2007
Heintz, A.; Kapteina, S.; Verevkin, S.P., Pairwise-Substitution Effects and Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds in Nitrophenols and Methylnitrophenols. Thermochemical Measurements and ab Initio Calculations, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2007, 111, 28, 6552-6562, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0730388 . [all data]

Sabbah and Gouali, 1994, 2
Sabbah, R.; Gouali, M., Energetics of Intra- and Inter-molecular Bonds in the Three Nitrophenols, Aust. J. Chem., 1994, 47, 9, 1651-621, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9941651 . [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Trieschmann, 1935
Trieschmann, H.G., , Ph.D. Dissertation, Inst. Fur Phys. Chem. and Electrochem. der Universitat Kiel, Germany, 1935. [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H.Z., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. B, 1938, 39, 194. [all data]

Jones, 1960
Jones, A.H., Sublimation Pressure Data for Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 2, 196-200, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60006a019 . [all data]

Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Fanelli, E.; Braghetti, M., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 24(2), 273-279. [all data]

Musuc, Razus, et al., 2002
Musuc, A.M.; Razus, D.; Oancea, D., Analele Universitatii Bucuresti Chimie, 2002, 11, 2, 147. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Booss and Hauschildt, 1972
Booss, H.J.; Hauschildt, K.R., Die Schmelzenthalpie des Benzils und 4-Nitrophenols, Z. Anal. Chem., 1972, 261(1), 32. [all data]

Wojcik and Marqueton, 1989
Wojcik, G.; Marqueton, Y., The phase transition of m-nitrophenol, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 1989, 168, 247-254. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities in the Gas Phase of the Hydrogen Bonded Complexes, YC6H4OH-X-, of Substituted Phenols, YC6H4OH, with the Halide Anions X-(Cl-, Br-), Can. J. Chem., 1990, 68, 11, 2070, https://doi.org/10.1139/v90-316 . [all data]

Fujio, McIver, et al., 1981
Fujio, M.; McIver, R.T., Jr.; Taft, R.W., Effects on the acidities of phenols from specific substituent-solvent interactions. Inherent substituent parameters from gas phase acidities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 4017. [all data]

Kebarle and McMahon, 1977
Kebarle, P.; McMahon, T.B., Intrinsic Acidities of Substituted Phenols and Benzoic Acids Determined by Gas Phase Proton Transfer Equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7, 2222, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00449a032 . [all data]

Kobayashi and Nagakura, 1975
Kobayashi, T.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra of nitrophenols and nitroanisoles, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1975, 6, 421. [all data]

Beynon, Hopkinson, et al., 1969
Beynon, J.H.; Hopkinson, J.A.; Lester, G.R., Mass spectrometry-the appearance potentials of "meta-stable peaks" in some aromatic nitro compounds - a chemical reaction in the mass spectrometer, Intern. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1969, 2, 291. [all data]

Grammaticakis, 1951
Grammaticakis, P., Contribution a l'etude de l'absorption dans l'ultraviolet moyen et le visible des arylamines isomeres et de leurs derives N substitues (Premier memoire), Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1951, 18, 220-226. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References