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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-1100.1002.04Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-1110.1005.2Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-1120.1008.36Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-1130.1011.43Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-1140.1014.46Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-140.985.96Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-150.988.45Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-160.991.06Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-170.993.75Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-180.996.47Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-190.999.01Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30100.1002.Tudor and Moldovan, 1999 
CapillarySE-30100.1001.6Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51001.Adams, González Elizondo, et al., 200630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51002.Adams, Morris, et al., 200530. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Adams and Nguyen, 200530. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51000.Ament K., Kant M.R., et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryBPX-51018.El-Ghorab, Mansour, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51003.Lopes, Strobl, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51006.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-51010.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1001.Salido, Altarejos, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-541001.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Adams, 2000, 230. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-541001.Adams, 2000, 330. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Adams, 2000, 430. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Adams, 199930. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-5999.Khouri, Usubillaga, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 C 4K/min -> 200 C 10 K/min -> 280 C
CapillaryDB-51001.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1125.Lopes, Strobl, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1122.Nébié, Yaméogo, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-1996.Paolini J., Costa J., et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5995.Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryEquity-51022.Rocha, Coelho, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1021.1Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryBP-1999.Gonny, Cavaleiro, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS998.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51002.Su, Ho, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-1996.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS995.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5998.Senatore, Napolitano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51002.Bertoli, Pistelli, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-1998.Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 200330. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-1995.de Feo, Urrunaga Soria, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51001.Karioti, Skaltsa, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51002.Tsiri, Kretsi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1011.Demetzos, Angelopoulou, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51006.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-1996.Rezzi, Cavaleiro, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51014.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)
CapillarySE-521000.Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.43 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCBP-51004.Azevedo, Campos, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 3C/min => 240C => 10C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillarySE-521000.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1140.Paolini J., Costa J., et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-201131.Gonny, Cavaleiro, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1140.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1130.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-525.1001.Hemmateenejad, Jawadnia, et al., 2007 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-5999.Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS999.Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySPB-1996.Neves, Rosa, et al., 201030. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1001.Usman, Zubair, et al., 201025. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1001.Adams, Beauchamp, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-1996.Rao, Nagender, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-1998.Cavaleiro, Pinto, et al., 200630. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Damjanovic, Skala, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1003.Ebrahim Sajjadi and Mehregan, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51000.Mirza, Navaei, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51004.Morteza-Semnani, Akbarzadeh, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51003.Sabulal, Dan, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5994.Özel, Gögüs, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-1983.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5997.Lopez Arze, Collin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 33. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1001.Wang and Guo-Y. -L., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-1998.Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-1997.Khallouki, Younos, et al., 200225. m/0.23 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1000.Maia, Zoghbi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1991.Palá-Paúl, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryHP-1981.Priestap, van Baren, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1983.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11013.Bailac, Dellacasa, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 22. min
CapillarySPB-51006.Doneanu and Anitescu, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1010.Mariaca, Berger, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1013.Mariaca, Berger, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-54999.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1000.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1001.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1002.Chu, Liu, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 10 0C -> 180 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-51002.Courtois, Paine, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryDB-1983.Kamatou, Viljoen, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1003.Mu, Wang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 300C
CapillarySPB-11002.Rao, Nagender, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1001.Butkienë, Nivinskienë, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(5min) => 2C/min => 90C => 15C/min => 240C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1001.Deng, Li, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 10C/min => 160C => 12C/min => 300C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-51002.Koba, Sanda, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 50 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-51011.Letchamo, Ward, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(4min) => 6C/min => 240 => 10C/min => 280C
CapillarySE-30984.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryAT-51001.Usai, Atzei, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 135 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 260 0C
CapillaryDB-51007.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 2001He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5992.Andrade, Maia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-5994.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 1997Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1001.Mariaca, Berger, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB998.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1997N2; Column length: 25. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone984.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101138.Neves, Rosa, et al., 201030. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillarySupelcowax 101138.Cavaleiro, Pinto, et al., 200630. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101137.Lopez Arze, Collin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 33. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1118.Priestap, van Baren, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 75. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryEC-10001150.Bendall, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1142.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1142.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199245. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1110.Buttery, Ling, et al., 198760. C @ 40. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.66 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1146.Wedge, Klun, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C (20 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1146.Kürkçüoglu, Hüsnü Can Baser, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1146.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1146.Baser, Demirei, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hoskovec, Grygarová, et al., 2005
Hoskovec, Michal; Grygarová, Dana; Cvacka, Josef; Streinz, Ludvík; Zima, Jirí; Verevkin, Sergey P.; Koutek, Bohumír, Determining the vapour pressures of plant volatiles from gas chromatographic retention data, Journal of Chromatography A, 2005, 1083, 1-2, 161-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.06.006 . [all data]

Tudor and Moldovan, 1999
Tudor, E.; Moldovan, D., Temperature Dependence of the Retention Index for Perfumery Compounds on a Se-30 Glass Capillary Column. II. The Hyperbolic Equation, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 848, 1-2, 215-227, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00412-4 . [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Adams, González Elizondo, et al., 2006
Adams, R.P.; González Elizondo, M.S.; González Elizondo, M.; Slinkman, E., DNA fingerprinting and terpenoid analysis of Juniperus blancoi var. huehuentensis (Cupressaceae), a new subalpine variety from Durango, Mexico, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 3, 205-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.11.004 . [all data]

Adams, Morris, et al., 2005
Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 8, 771-787, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.01.001 . [all data]

Adams and Nguyen, 2005
Adams, R.P.; Nguyen, S., Infra-specific variation in Juniperus deppeana and F. Sperryi in the Davis Mountains of Texas: variation in leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAS (RAPDS), Phytologia, 2005, 87, 2, 96-108. [all data]

Ament K., Kant M.R., et al., 2004
Ament K.; Kant M.R.; Sabelis M.W.; Haring M.A.; Schuurink R.C., Differential timing of spider mite-induced direct and indirect defenses in tomato plants, Plant Physiol., 2004, 135, 1, 483-495, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.103.038315 . [all data]

El-Ghorab, Mansour, et al., 2004
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Notes

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