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Ethanone, 1-(2-aminophenyl)-


Phase change data

Go To: Top, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference
343.70.004Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin RADIAN CORP
NIST MS number 71172

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011285.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011288.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1315.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillarySE-541318.Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007He, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5MS1296.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1299.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1320.Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1315.Whetstine, Cadwallader, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBPX-51322.Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1307.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51308.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51308.Wu and Cadwallader, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51308.Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1310.Lee, Suriyaphan, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1316.Cha and Cadwallader, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-1011292.Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 199435. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-541306.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-51306.Jezussek, Juliano, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-51300.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-51302.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2225.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2242.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP2240.Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007He, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax2225.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2225.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2223.Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2202.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200415. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2202.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102222.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2204.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2229.Wu and Cadwallader, 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102222.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2218.Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2270.Lee, Suriyaphan, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2237.Cha and Cadwallader, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP2200.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP2222.Jezussek, Juliano, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2184.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2182.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1299.Nawrath, Mgode, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryBPX-51325.Dickschat, Martens, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryOV-1011260.Murakami, Goldstein, et al., 200312. m/0.32 mm/0.32 «mu»m, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-1011292.Bloss, Acree, et al., 200235. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-11261.Buttery and Ling, 1995He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51300.Buettner, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS1262.Callemien, Dasnoy, et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, N2; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1262.Callamien, Dasnoy, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 iC/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1262.Callemien, Dasnoy, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySE-301288.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1265.Gijs, Chevanese, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1274.Lermusieau, Bulens, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 120C(20min) => 2C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1260.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51300.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2213.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2187.Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 200615. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2252.Culleré, Escudero, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2227.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2228.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2238.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2234.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP2227.Preininger and Ullrich, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2223.Kumazawa and Masuda, 199930. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2228.Kumazawa and Masuda, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2210.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2200.Buettner, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2181.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-FFAP2200.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2187.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1979
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of Castanopsis flower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1979, 27, 4, 847-850, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60224a025 . [all data]

Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 2007
Jarunrattanasri, A.; Theerakulkait, C.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma Components of Acid-Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein Made by Partial Hydrolysis of Rice Bran Protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3044-3050, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631474 . [all data]

Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007
Schlutt B.; Moran N.; Schieberle P.; Hofmann T., Sensory-directed identification of creaminess-enhancing volatiles and semivolatiles in full-fat cream, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9634-9645, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0721545 . [all data]

Schwambach and Peterson, 2006
Schwambach, S.L.; Peterson, D.G., Reduction of Stale Flavor Development in Low-Heat Skim Milk Powder via Epicatechin Addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 2, 502-508, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0519764 . [all data]

Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 2005
Carunchia Whetstine, M.E.; Croissant, A.E.; Drake, M.A., Characterization of Dried Whey Protein Concentrate and Isolate Flavor, J. Dairy Sci., 2005, 88, 11, 3826-3839, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)73068-X . [all data]

Whetstine, Cadwallader, et al., 2005
Whetstine, M.E.C.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Characterization of aroma compounds responsible for the rosy/floral flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 3126-3132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048278o . [all data]

Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 2004
Dickschat, J.S.; Wenzel, S.C.; Bode, H.B.; Muller, R.; Schulz, S., Biosynthesis of Volatiles by the Myxobacterium Myxococcus xanthus, ChemBioChem, 2004, 5, 6, 778-787, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.200300813 . [all data]

Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 2003
Karagül-Yüceer, Y.; Vlahovich, K.N.; Drake, M.A.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 23, 6797-6801, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0345806 . [all data]

Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 2002
Karagül-Yüceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 2, 305-312, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010648a . [all data]

Wu and Cadwallader, 2002
Wu, Y.-F.G.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of the aroma of a meatlike process flavoring from soybean-based enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 10, 2900-2907, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0114076 . [all data]

Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 2001
Karagül-Yüceer, Y.; Drake, M.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2948-2953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0009854 . [all data]

Lee, Suriyaphan, et al., 2001
Lee, G.-H.; Suriyaphan, O.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma components of cooked tail meat of American lobster (Homarus americanus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 9, 4324-4332, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001523t . [all data]

Cha and Cadwallader, 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in skipjack tuna sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1123-1128, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970380g . [all data]

Chisholm, Guiher, et al., 1994
Chisholm, M.G.; Guiher, L.A.; Vonah, T.M.; Beaumont, J.L., Comparison of some French-American hybrid wines with white Riesling using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1994, 45, 2, 201-212. [all data]

Fritsch and Schieberle, 2005
Fritsch, H.T.; Schieberle, P., Identification based on quantitative measurements and aroma recombination of the character impact odorants in a Bavarian Pilsner-type beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 19, 7544-7551, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051167k . [all data]

Jezussek, Juliano, et al., 2002
Jezussek, M.; Juliano, B.O.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key aroma compounds in cooked brown rice varieties based on aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1101-1105, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108720 . [all data]

Munk, Munch, et al., 2000
Munk, S.; Munch, P.; Stahnke, L.; Adler-Nissen., J.; Schieberle, P., Primary odorants of laundry soiled with sweat/sebum: influence of lipase on the odor profile, Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 2000, 3, 4, 505-515, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11743-000-0150-z . [all data]

Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 2004
Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 2004, 87, 7, 1999-2010, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)70017-X . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2002
Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 2002, 35, 1, 43-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(01)00107-7 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2001
Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 192-202, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000692a . [all data]

Nawrath, Mgode, et al., 2012
Nawrath, T.; Mgode, G.F.; Weetjens, B.; Kaufmann, S.H.E.; Schulz, S., The volatiles of pathogenic and nonpathogenic mycobacteria aand related bacteria, Beilstein J. Org. Chem., 2012, 8, 290-297, https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.8.31 . [all data]

Dickschat, Martens, et al., 2005
Dickschat, J.S.; Martens, T.; Brinkhoff, T.; Simon, M.; Schulz, S., Volatiles released by a Streptomyces species isolated from the North Sea, Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2005, 2, 7, 837-865, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200590062 . [all data]

Murakami, Goldstein, et al., 2003
Murakami, A.A.; Goldstein, H.; Navarro, A.; Seabrooks, J.R.; Ryder, D.S., Investigation of beer flavor by gas chromatography-olfactometry, J. Am. Soc. Brew. Chem., 2003, 61, 1, 23-32, retrieved from http://www.asbcnet.org/Journal/samplepdfs/0127-01R.pdf. [all data]

Bloss, Acree, et al., 2002
Bloss, J.; Acree, T.E.; Bloss, J.M.; Hood, W.R.; Kunz, T.H., Potential use of chemical cues for colony-mate recognition in the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, J. Chem. Ecol., 2002, 28, 4, 819-834, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015296928423 . [all data]

Buttery and Ling, 1995
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Volatile flavor components of corn tortillas and related products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 7, 1878-1882, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a023 . [all data]

Buettner, 2007
Buettner, A., A selective and sensitive approach to characterize odour-active and volatile constituents in small-scale human milk samples, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 465-473, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1822 . [all data]

Callemien, Dasnoy, et al., 2006
Callemien, D.; Dasnoy, S.; Collin, S., Identification of a stale-beer-like odorant in extracts of naturally aged beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 4, 1409-1413, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051772n . [all data]

Callamien, Dasnoy, et al., 2005
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Notes

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