Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Cyclopropanecarbonitrile

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas182.7 ± 0.7kJ/molCcbFuchs, Hallman, et al., 1982Heat of combustion is not reported, see Hall and Baldt, 1971
Deltafgas180.6kJ/molCcrHall and Baldt, 1971 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid140.8kJ/molCcrHall and Baldt, 1971ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-2429.4 ± 0.71kJ/molCcrHall and Baldt, 1971ALS
Deltacliquid-2433.kJ/molCcbBruylants and Christiaen, 1925ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
115.4297.Hall and Baldt, 1971DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil408.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil407. - 408.KN/AFrinton Laboratories Inc., 1986BS
Tboil408.2KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tboil404.9KN/AHammond and Todd, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap41. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
35.55408.2N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
39.4325.BGBaldt and Hall, 1971Based on data from 310. - 391. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C4H4N- + Hydrogen cation = Cyclopropanecarbonitrile

By formula: C4H4N- + H+ = C4H5N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1571. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Acid: cyanocyclopropane; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1539. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Acid: cyanocyclopropane; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)808.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity777.5kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.25PEWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
11.2 ± 0.2EIKiser and Hobrock, 1962RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH2N+11.50?PIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
CN+19.5 ± 0.4?EIKiser and Hobrock, 1962RDSH
C2H3+12.65?PIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
C2H3N+11.00C2H2EISakurai and Jennings, 1981LLK
C2H3N+11.00?PIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
C3H2N+11.75?PIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
C3H3+11.80?PIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
C3H4+11.20?PIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK
C3H5+12.70 ± 0.15CNEIKiser and Hobrock, 1962RDSH
C4H4N+12.10HPIWillett and Baer, 1980LLK

De-protonation reactions

C4H4N- + Hydrogen cation = Cyclopropanecarbonitrile

By formula: C4H4N- + H+ = C4H5N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1571. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Acid: cyanocyclopropane; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1539. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; Acid: cyanocyclopropane; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View scan of original (hardcopy) spectrum.

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner COBLENTZ SOCIETY
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin STANDARD OIL OF OHIO
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 10259
Date 1964/10/30
Name(s) 1-CYANOCYCLOPROPANE
State LIQUID (NEAT)
Instrument PERKIN-ELMER 521 (GRATING)
Instrument parameters GRATING CHANGES AT 2000, 630 CM-1
Path length SMEAR
Resolution 4
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY NIST FROM HARD COPY (FROM TWO SEGMENTS)

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin RADIAN CORP
NIST MS number 69507

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB20.684.Do and Raulin, 199225. m/0.15 mm/2. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q100.645.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q160.644.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fuchs, Hallman, et al., 1982
Fuchs, R.; Hallman, J.H.; Perlman, M.O., Thermochemistry of conjugation of simple cyclopropane derivatives, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1832-1835. [all data]

Hall and Baldt, 1971
Hall, H.K., Jr.; Baldt, J.H., Thermochemistry of strained-ring bridgehead nitriles and esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 140-145. [all data]

Bruylants and Christiaen, 1925
Bruylants, P.; Christiaen, A., Thermochimie des Butenes-Nitriles, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1925, 34, 144-150. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Frinton Laboratories Inc., 1986
Frinton Laboratories Inc., Catalog Number 11, Frinton Laboratories Inc., Vineland, NJ, 1986, 99. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Hammond and Todd, 1954
Hammond, G.S.; Todd, R.W., The Low Reactivity of Cyclopropane Derivatives twoard Free Radicals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1954, 76, 4081. [all data]

Baldt and Hall, 1971
Baldt, J.H.; Hall, H.K.K., Jr., Thermochemistry of strained-ring bridgehead nitriles and esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 140-145. [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Willett and Baer, 1980
Willett, G.D.; Baer, T., Thermochemistry and dissociation dynamics of state-selected C4H4X ions. 3. C4H5N+, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1980, 102, 6774. [all data]

Kiser and Hobrock, 1962
Kiser, R.W.; Hobrock, B.G., The ionization potentials of cyclopropyl radical and cyclopropyl cyanide, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 957. [all data]

Sakurai and Jennings, 1981
Sakurai, H.; Jennings, K.R., A study of the structures of decomposing and non-decomposing [C4H5N]+ ions formed from different neutral species, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1981, 16, 393. [all data]

Do and Raulin, 1992
Do, L.; Raulin, F., Gas chromatography of Titan's atmosphere. III. Analysis of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and nitriles with a CP-Sil-5 CB WCOT capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 591, 1-2, 297-301, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80247-R . [all data]

Do and Raulin, 1989
Do, L.; Raulin, F., Gas chromatography of Titan's atmosphere. I. Analysis of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons and nitriles with a PoraPLOT Q porous polymer coated open-tubular capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 481, 45-54, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96751-2 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References