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1,3-Cyclopentadiene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas33.2kcal/molChydRoth, Adamczak, et al., 1991ALS
Deltafgas31.89kcal/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1970ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-707. ± 7.kcal/molCcbWassermann, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = 32. kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas65.600cal/mol*KN/AFuruyama S., 1970This a second law entropy value was obtained from study of gas-phase equilibrium. The value of S(298.2 K)=270.3(4.2) J/mol*K was obtained from other equilibrium study [ Grant C.J., 1969].; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
7.95750.Dorofeeva O.V., 1986Recommended S(T) values differ from other statistically calculated values [ Turnbull A.G., 1967, Furuyama S., 1970] up to 2.6 J/mol*K. Discrepancies in Cp(T) values amount to 1.3-4.3 J/mol*K. There is an excellent agreement between selected values of S(T) and Cp(T) and those obtained by ab initio calculation [ Karni M., 1991].; GT
8.375100.
9.637150.
11.84200.
16.32273.15
18.01 ± 0.48298.15
18.14300.
24.689400.
30.222500.
34.663600.
38.250700.
41.207800.
43.683900.
45.7821000.
47.5721100.
49.1091200.
50.4301300.
51.5701400.
52.5621500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid43.67cal/mol*KN/ALebedev and Lityagov, 1977 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
27.56298.15Lebedev and Lityagov, 1977T = 14 to 330 K.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil314. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus183.15KN/AMurphy and Duggan, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
Tfus188.KN/AStaudinger, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple176.60KN/ALebedev and Lityagov, 1977, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap6.9kcal/molVRogers, 1972ALS
Deltavap6.78 ± 0.06kcal/molVHull, Reid, et al., 1965ALS
Deltavap6.79 ± 0.07kcal/molMMHull, Reid, et al., 1965, 2Based on data from 291. - 314. K.; AC
Deltavap7.10kcal/molN/AHull, Reid, et al., 1965, 2Based on data from 273. - 287. K. See also Barrett and Burrage, 1932.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
6.72302.A,MMStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 291. - 314. K. See also Hull, Reid, et al., 1965, 2.; AC
6.74286.N/ALesteva, Ogorodnikov, et al., 1967Based on data from 271. - 314. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
271.3 - 314.2.64802531.826-113.863Lesteva, Ogoradnikov, et al., 1967Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.914176.60Lebedev and Lityagov, 1977DH
1.91176.6Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.9176.60Lebedev and Lityagov, 1977DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
MS - José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

cyclopentadienide anion + Hydrogen cation = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene

By formula: C5H5- + H+ = C5H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar353.9 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar354.9 ± 2.9kcal/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Deltar357.2 ± 2.0kcal/molD-EAEngelking and Lineberger, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar347.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar348.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

cyclopentadienide anion + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = (cyclopentadienide anion bullet 1,3-Cyclopentadiene)

By formula: C5H5- + C5H6 = (C5H5- bullet C5H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<8.60kcal/molIMRBMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<2.6 ± 1.0kcal/molIMRBMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.6250.PHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M

Maleic anhydride + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = Carbic anhydride

By formula: C4H2O3 + C5H6 = C9H8O3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-24.8 ± 0.5kcal/molCmBreslauer and Kabakoff, 1974liquid phase; solvent: Dioxane; ALS
Deltar-25.78kcal/molCmRogers and Quan, 1973liquid phase; Gas phase Diels-Alder; ALS

2Hydrogen + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = Cyclopentane

By formula: 2H2 + C5H6 = C5H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-50.38 ± 0.20kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -50.87 ± 0.20 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Chlorine anion + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = (Chlorine anion bullet 1,3-Cyclopentadiene)

By formula: Cl- + C5H6 = (Cl- bullet C5H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<2.50kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
2.5300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; DG<; M

1,3-Cyclopentadiene + Tetracyanoethylene = Bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2,3,3-tetracarbonitrile

By formula: C5H6 + C6N4 = C11H6N4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-26.8kcal/molKinSamuilov, Bukharov, et al., 1981liquid phase; solvent: Chorobenzene; ALS
Deltar-25.56 ± 0.70kcal/molCmRogers, 1972liquid phase; ALS

2,5-Norbornadiene = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene + Acetylene

By formula: C7H8 = C5H6 + C2H2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.00 ± 0.50kcal/molKinWalsh and Wells, 1975gas phase; Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 28.36 ± 0.32 kcal/mol; ALS

21,3-Cyclopentadiene (l) + magnesium (cr) = Magnesium, bis(η(5)-2,4-cyclopentadien-1-yl)- (cr) + Hydrogen (g)

By formula: 2C5H6 (l) + Mg (cr) = C10H10Mg (cr) + H2 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-34.06 ± 0.69kcal/molRSCHull, Reid, et al., 1967Please also see Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2.; MS

C8H6MoO3 (solution) + 31,3-Diazine (solution) = C18H15MoN3O3 (solution) + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene (solution)

By formula: C8H6MoO3 (solution) + 3C4H4N2 (solution) = C18H15MoN3O3 (solution) + C5H6 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-16.7 ± 0.69kcal/molRSCNolan, Hoff, et al., 1985solvent: Pyridine; Reaction temperature: 323 K; MS

Bicyclo[2.1.0]pent-2-ene = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene

By formula: C5H6 = C5H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-47.8 ± 0.5kcal/molCisoRoth, Klarner, et al., 1980liquid phase; solvent: Heptane; ALS

Dicyclopentadiene = 21,3-Cyclopentadiene

By formula: C10H12 = 2C5H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.300kcal/molCmBaur and Frater, 1941gas phase; Heat of dissociation; ALS

2Hydrogen iodide + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = Cyclopentene + Iodine

By formula: 2HI + C5H6 = C5H8 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-21.4kcal/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1970gas phase; ALS

2-Norbornene = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene + Ethylene

By formula: C7H10 = C5H6 + C2H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.2 ± 0.60kcal/molEqkWalsh and Wells, 1976gas phase; ALS

Bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-ene-2,2,3,3-tetracarbonitrile = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene + Tetracyanoethylene

By formula: C11H6N4 = C5H6 + C6N4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.56 ± 0.70kcal/molCmRogers, 1972solid phase; ALS

1,3-Cyclopentadiene + Acetylene = 2,5-Norbornadiene

By formula: C5H6 + C2H2 = C7H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-28.0 ± 0.5kcal/molEqkWalsh and Wells, 1975gas phase; ALS

21,3-Cyclopentadiene = endo-Dicyclopentadiene

By formula: 2C5H6 = C10H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-46.62kcal/molEqkLenz and Vaughan, 1989gas phase; ALS

21,3-Cyclopentadiene = C10H12

By formula: 2C5H6 = C10H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-46.77kcal/molEqkLenz and Vaughan, 1989gas phase; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C5H6+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.57 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)196.4kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity190.8kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
197.9Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
190.8Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.44PEKiselev, Sakhabutdinov, et al., 1992LL
8.58 ± 0.02PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
8.56 ± 0.01EIHolmes and McGillivray, 1971LLK
8.57 ± 0.01PIDerrick, Asbrink, et al., 1971LLK
8.57 ± 0.01PIDemeo and El-Sayed, 1970RDSH
9.0EIHedaya, Kent, et al., 1968RDSH
8.55PIDewar and Worley, 1968RDSH
8.53PEKiselev, Sakhabutdinov, et al., 1992Vertical value; LL
8.61PEBock and Kaim, 1980Vertical value; LLK
8.6PECradock, Ebsworth, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK
8.56PECradock, Findlay, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C5H5+12.62HEIOccolowitz and White, 1968RDSH
C5H5+12.9HEIHarrison, Haynes, et al., 1965RDSH
C5H5+11.9 ± 0.5HEIDorman, 1965RDSH
C5H5+12.6HEIHarrison, Honnen, et al., 1960RDSH

De-protonation reactions

cyclopentadienide anion + Hydrogen cation = 1,3-Cyclopentadiene

By formula: C5H5- + H+ = C5H6

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar353.9 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar354.9 ± 2.9kcal/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Deltar357.2 ± 2.0kcal/molD-EAEngelking and Lineberger, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar347.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar348.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

cyclopentadienide anion + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = (cyclopentadienide anion bullet 1,3-Cyclopentadiene)

By formula: C5H5- + C5H6 = (C5H5- bullet C5H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<8.60kcal/molIMRBMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/AMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<2.6 ± 1.0kcal/molIMRBMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.6250.PHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M

Chlorine anion + 1,3-Cyclopentadiene = (Chlorine anion bullet 1,3-Cyclopentadiene)

By formula: Cl- + C5H6 = (Cl- bullet C5H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<2.50kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
2.5300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; DG<; M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COBLENTZ SOCIETY
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin WYANDOTTE CHEMICALS CORP., WYANDOTTE, MICHIGAN, USA
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 2691
Date Not specified, most likely prior to 1970
Name(s) 1,3-cyclopentadiene
State LIQUID
Instrument Not specified, most likely a prism, grating, or hybrid spectrometer.
Path length 0.003 CM
Resolution 4
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY NIST FROM HARD COPY
Boiling point 41 C

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 196

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Powell and Edson, 1948
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 10963
Instrument Beckman quartz photoelectric spectrophotometer
Melting point - 85
Boiling point 41

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roth, Adamczak, et al., 1991
Roth, W.R.; Adamczak, O.; Breuckmann, R.; Lennartz, H.-W.; Boese, R., Die Berechnung von Resonanzenergien; das MM2ERW-Kraftfeld, Chem. Ber., 1991, 124, 2499-2521. [all data]

Furuyama, Golden, et al., 1970
Furuyama, S.; Golden, D.M.; Benson, S.W., Thermochemistry of cyclopentene and cyclopentadiene from studies of gas-phase equilibria, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1970, 2, 161-169. [all data]

Wassermann, 1935
Wassermann, A., The mechanism of additions to double bonds. Part I. Thermochemistry and kinetics of a diene synthesis, J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 828-838. [all data]

Furuyama S., 1970
Furuyama S., Thermochemistry of cyclopentene and cyclopentadiene from studies of gas-phase equilibria, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1970, 2, 161-169. [all data]

Grant C.J., 1969
Grant C.J., Reversibility in the gas-phase decomposition of cyclopentene. The entropy of cyclopentadiene, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 1969, 667-668. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1986
Dorofeeva O.V., Thermodynamic properties of twenty-one monocyclic hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 437-464. [all data]

Turnbull A.G., 1967
Turnbull A.G., Thermochemistry of biscyclopentadienyl metal compounds, Austral. J. Chem., 1967, 20, 2059-2067. [all data]

Karni M., 1991
Karni M., Ab initio calculations and ideal gas thermodynamic functions of cyclopentadiene and cyclopentadiene derivatives, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1991, 20, 665-683. [all data]

Lebedev and Lityagov, 1977
Lebedev, B.V.; Lityagov, V.Ya., Thermodynamics of polypentenamer synthesis reactions, Vysokomol. Soedin., 1977, B19, 558-560. [all data]

Murphy and Duggan, 1949
Murphy, M.T.; Duggan, A.C., Pyrolysis of Butadiene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 3347. [all data]

Staudinger, 1926
Staudinger, H., Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1926, 59, 3019. [all data]

Lebedev and Lityagov, 1977, 2
Lebedev, B.V.; Lityagov, V.Ya., Thermodynamics of polypentenamer synthesis reactions crystalline polytetrahydrofuran at 0 K, Vysokomol. Soedin., Ser. B, 1977, 19, 558. [all data]

Rogers, 1972
Rogers, F.E., Thermochemistry of the Diels-Alder reactions. II. Heat of addition of several dienes to tetracyanoethylene, J. Phys. Chem., 1972, 76, 106-109. [all data]

Hull, Reid, et al., 1965
Hull, H.S.; Reid, A.F.; Turnbull, A.G., Vapour pressures of cyclopentadiene and bis(cyclopentadienyl)magnesium, Aust. J. Chem., 1965, 18, 249. [all data]

Hull, Reid, et al., 1965, 2
Hull, HS; Reid, AF; Turnbull, AG, Vapour pressures of cyclopentadiene and Bis(cyclopentadienyl)magnesium, Aust. J. Chem., 1965, 18, 2, 249-621, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9650249 . [all data]

Barrett and Burrage, 1932
Barrett, E.G.V.; Burrage, L.J., Some Observations on the Transformation of Cyclopentadiene into its Dimeride., J. Phys. Chem., 1932, 37, 8, 1029-1035, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150350a007 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
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Notes

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