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Benzene, 1,3-dichloro-

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5100.1017.40Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-5100.1020.06Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-5120.1027.05Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-5120.1027.35Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30160.1013.8Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003 
CapillaryHP-5120.1022.5Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003 
CapillaryHP-5120.1022.5Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-5140.1036.2Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySPB-1140.1009.Vezzani, Bertocchi, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5110.1024.65Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-570.1004.07Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-590.1013.30Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-300.985.Spieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994 
CapillarySE-30160.964.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1016.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-30120.964.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1013.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1016.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedApiezon L130.1058.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011000.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101997.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax120.1455.4Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax140.1474.1Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M160.1415.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M140.1415.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M160.1434.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1409.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1414.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-51022.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51014.97Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2.8 min, 3. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51015.34Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2.8 min, 3. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51017.77Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2.8 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51018.92Harangi, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2.8 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-1975.4Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-51020.9Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-1986.21Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryOV-1985.1Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51002.37Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-5997.98Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-5999.87Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-11014.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 100. C @ 0. min, 10. K/min
CapillaryDB-11002.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 100. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min
CapillaryDB-1990.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 10. K/min
CapillaryDB-1985.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min
CapillaryPetrocol DH982.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301025.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1445.33Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1438.32Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1417.70Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101446.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101451.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101453.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryE-301100.1004.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.997.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1007.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51005.Zenkevich, Moeder, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-541002.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1011.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1014.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1022.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone964.Yu and Zazhi, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 2988.Fuhrer, Deissler, et al., 199755. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C(3min) => 20C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C(45min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1005.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51047.Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995He; Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1986.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1982.Vezzani, Moretti, et al., 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPTE-51045.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryUltra-21021.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryOV-1981.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.981.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.981.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.982.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1477.Rochat, Egger, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 9.5 min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1418.Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP5-MS162.Vrana, Paschke, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5160.4Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Harangi, 2003
Harangi, J., Short communication. Retention index calculation without n-alkanes -- the virtual carbon number, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 993, 1-2, 187-195, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00320-0 . [all data]

Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003
Santiuste, J.M.; Harangi, J.; Takács, J.M., Mosaic increments for predicting the gas chromatographic retention data of the chlorobenzenes, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 1002, 1-2, 155-168, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00736-2 . [all data]

Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 2003
Santiuste J.M.; Takacs J.M., Relationships between retention data of benzene and chlorobenzenes with their physico-chemical properties and topological indices, Chromatographia, 2003, 58, 87-96. [all data]

Vezzani, Bertocchi, et al., 1998
Vezzani, S.; Bertocchi, A.; Moretti, P.; Castello, G., Prediction of the gas chromatographic retention values of chlorobenzenes on different station phases by using structure-retention correlations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 803, 1-2, 211-218, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)01281-8 . [all data]

Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 1996
Gerbino, T.C.; Garbarino, G.; Petit-Bon, P., Programmed temperature retention indices: calculation of linear programmed temperature retention indices of halogenated benzenes from isothermal data, Ann. Chim. (Rome), 1996, 86, 63-75. [all data]

Spieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994
Spieksma, Walter; Luijk, Ronald; Govers, Harrie A.J., Determination of the liquid vapour pressure of low-volatility compounds from the Kováts retention index, Journal of Chromatography A, 1994, 672, 1-2, 141-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80602-0 . [all data]

Evans and Haken, 1989
Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K., Dispersion and selectivity indices in gas chromatography. IV. Chlorinated aromatic compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 468, 373-382, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96332-5 . [all data]

Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989
Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 1-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94099-8 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonene, 1983
Haken, J.K.; Korhonene, I.O.O., Retention increments of isomeric chlorobenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 265, 323-327, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96727-5 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004
Pérez-Parajón, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takács, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1048, 2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.07.028 . [all data]

Engel and Ratel, 2007
Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1154, 1-2, 331-341, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.012 . [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
Xu, X.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Adahchour, M.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th.; Lelieveld, J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) measurements of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2003, 3, 3, 665-682, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-3-665-2003 . [all data]

Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 1997
Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, for the identification of components in the essential oil of Curcuma longa L., J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 760, 2, 303-308, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00802-3 . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Gerbino and Castello, 1995
Gerbino, T.C.; Castello, G., Prediction of programmed temperature retention indices on capillary columns of different polarities, J. Chromatogr. A, 1995, 699, 1-2, 161-171, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)00024-H . [all data]

White, Hackett, et al., 1992
White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 105-120, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150211 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Chung and Cadwallader, 1993
Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 1993, 58, 6, 1203-1207, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06148.x . [all data]

Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 1988
Vejaphan, W.; Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S., Volatile flavor components from boiled crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) tail meat, J. Food Sci., 1988, 53, 6, 1666-1670, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1988.tb07811.x . [all data]

Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980
Bermejo, J.; Moinelo, S.R.; Suarez Canga, C., Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Instituto Nacional del Carbon y sus Derivados Francisco Pintado Fe (INCAR), La Corredoria, Oviedo, Espana, 1980, 13. [all data]

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Moeder, et al., 2004
Zenkevich, I.G.; Moeder, M.; Koeller, G.; Schrader, S., Using new structurally related additive schemes in the precalculation of gas chromatographic retention indices of polychlorinated hydroxybiphenyls on HP-5 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1025, 2, 227-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.10.106 . [all data]

Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986
Harland, B.J.; Cumming, R.I.; Gillings, E., The Kovats indexes of some organic micropollutants on an SE54 capillary column, EUR, I Org. Micropollut. Aquat. Environ., 1986, EUR 10388, 123-127. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Yu and Zazhi, 2005
Yu, H.; Zazhi, J., Relationship between chromatogram retention index and toxicity of chlorinated phenols and chlorinated benzenes to Guppy, J. Enviropn. Health (Chinese), 2005, 22, 6, 441-444. [all data]

Fuhrer, Deissler, et al., 1997
Fuhrer, U.; Deissler, A.; Schreitmuller, J.; Ballschmiter, K., Analysis of Halogenated Methoxybenzenes and Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in the Picogram m-3 Range in Marine Air, Chromatographia, 1997, 45, 1, 414-427, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02505594 . [all data]

Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 5, 656-666. [all data]

Sorimachi, Tanabe, et al., 1995
Sorimachi, J.; Tanabe, A.; Mitobe, H.; Kuniaki, K.; Masaaki, S., Programmed temperature retention indices for volatile organic compounds on headspace GC/MS analysis, Niigata-ken Eisei Kogai Kenkyusho Nenpo, 1995, 11, 75-79. [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, 1994, 549-568. [all data]

Vezzani, Moretti, et al., 1994
Vezzani, S.; Moretti, P.; Castello, G., Fast and Accurate Method for the Automatic Prediction of Programmed-Temperature Retention Times, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 677, 2, 331-343, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80161-4 . [all data]

Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 1992
Nakano, T.; Fujimori, K.; Takaishi, Y.; Okuno, T., GC/MS-SIM analysis of polychlorobenzenes, polychlorophenols and polychloronaphthalenes, Report of the Environmental Science Institute of Hyogo Prefecture, 1992, 24, 30-37. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Rochat, Egger, et al., 2009
Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 36, 6424-6432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.07.014 . [all data]

Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 1998
Caldentey, P.; Daria Fumi, M.; Mazzoleni, V.; Careri, M., Volatile compounds produced by microorganisms isolated from cork, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 185-188, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<185::AID-FFJ723>3.0.CO;2-W . [all data]

Vrana, Paschke, et al., 2005
Vrana, B.; Paschke, H.; Paschke, A.; Popp, P.; Schuurmann, G., Performance of semipermeable membrane devices for sampling of organic contaminants in groun water, J. Envirom. Monit., 2005, 7, 5, 500-508, https://doi.org/10.1039/b411645c . [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
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Notes

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