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Benzene, 1,4-difluoro-

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.1589 ± 0.0005eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)718.7kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity692.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.1590 ± 0.0004TERieger, Reiser, et al., 1992LL
9.1588 ± 0.0002TEReiger, 1990LL
9.14PEBieri, Asbrink, et al., 1981LLK
9.137 ± 0.004EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
9.18SGilbert and Sandorfy, 1974LLK
9.15 ± 0.06PEClark and Frost, 1967RDSH
9.15PIBralsford, Harris, et al., 1960RDSH
9.4PEBieri, Asbrink, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
9.29PESell, Mintz, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK
9.15PEStreets and Ceasar, 1973Vertical value; LLK
9.4 ± 0.03PEKlessinger, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C4H2F2+15.27C2H2EIMomigny and Wirtz-Cordier, 1962RDSH
C6H4F+15.5 ± 0.1FEIMajer and Patrick, 1962RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H3F2- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,4-difluoro-

By formula: C6H3F2- + H+ = C6H4F2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1591. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBuker, Nibbering, et al., 1997gas phase; B
Deltar1589. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSBriscese and Riveros, 1975gas phase; < MeOH, <= EtOH; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1557. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBuker, Nibbering, et al., 1997gas phase; B
Deltar1555. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBBriscese and Riveros, 1975gas phase; < MeOH, <= EtOH; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Rieger, Reiser, et al., 1992
Rieger, D.; Reiser, G.; Muller-Dethlefs, K.; Schlag, E.W., Zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy of p-difluorobenzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 12. [all data]

Reiger, 1990
Reiger, D., [Title unavailable], Diplomarbeit, Techn. Universitat Munich, 1990. [all data]

Bieri, Asbrink, et al., 1981
Bieri, G.; Asbrink, L.; Von Niessen, W., 30.4 nm He(II) photoelectron spectra of organic molecules. Part IV. Fluoro-compounds (C,H,F), J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1981, 23, 281. [all data]

Lias and Ausloos, 1978
Lias, S.G.; Ausloos, P.J., eIonization energies of organic compounds by equilibrium measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 6027. [all data]

Gilbert and Sandorfy, 1974
Gilbert, R.; Sandorfy, C., Rydberg transitions in the ultraviolet spectra of difluorobenzenes, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1974, 27, 457. [all data]

Clark and Frost, 1967
Clark, I.D.; Frost, D.C., A study of the energy levels in benzene and some fluorobenzenes by photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1967, 89, 244. [all data]

Bralsford, Harris, et al., 1960
Bralsford, R.; Harris, P.V.; Price, W.C., The effect of fluorine on the electronic spectra and ionization potentials of molecules, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), 1960, A258, 459. [all data]

Sell, Mintz, et al., 1978
Sell, J.A.; Mintz, D.M.; Kupperman, A., Photoelectron angular distributions of carbon-carbon «pi» electrons in ethylene, benzene, and their fluorinated derivatives, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1978, 58, 601. [all data]

Streets and Ceasar, 1973
Streets, D.G.; Ceasar, G.P., Inductive mesomeric effects on the «pi» orbitals of halobenzenes, Mol. Phys., 1973, 26, 1037. [all data]

Klessinger, 1972
Klessinger, M., Ionization potentials of substituted benzenes, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1972, 11, 525. [all data]

Momigny and Wirtz-Cordier, 1962
Momigny, J.; Wirtz-Cordier, A.M., Les effets de l'impact electronique sur des derives dihalogenes du benzene, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, 1962, 76, 164. [all data]

Majer and Patrick, 1962
Majer, J.R.; Patrick, C.R., Electron impact on some halogenated aromatic compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1962, 58, 17. [all data]

Buker, Nibbering, et al., 1997
Buker, H.H.; Nibbering, N.M.M.; Espinosa, D.; Mongin, F.; Schlosser, M., Additivity of substituent effects in the fluoroarene series: Equilibrium acidity in the gas phase and deprotonation rates in ethereal solution, Tetrahed. Lett., 1997, 38, 49, 8519-8522, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4039(97)10303-3 . [all data]

Briscese and Riveros, 1975
Briscese, S.M.J.; Riveros, J.M., Gas phase nucleophilic reactions of aromatic systems, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 230. [all data]


Notes

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