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4-ethylbenzaldehyde


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51181.Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993He, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.13 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1731.Garruti, Franco, et al., 2001H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50 0C (8 min) 4 K/min -> 110 0C 16 K/min -> 200 0C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51175.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMega 5MS1169.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51194.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-51169.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-11154.Caviglioli, Valeria, et al., 200225. m/0.2 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 40. C @ 0.2 min, 15. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1206.Turchini, Giani, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 120C/min => 60C1.5C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-51155.Boulanger, Chassagne, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C(15min)
CapillaryDB-51171.Triqui and Reineccius, 199530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1730.Fernandez-Segovia, Escriche, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101714.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101714.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryEC-WAX1753.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1735.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1752.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1753.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1711.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1719.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1714.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1712.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1745.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1730.Sérot, Regost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1728.Sérot, Regost, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-51171.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51164.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryOptima-11152.Brun, Bessière, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-11147.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11174.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 110C => 5C/min => 200C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1735.Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1747.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1732.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCBP-201739.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1712.Kanasawud and Crouzet, 199050. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.4 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-20M1731.Garruti, Franco, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(8min) => 4C/min => 110C => 16C/min => 200C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS197.Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993
Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 4. Fractionation, characterization, and quantitation of volatiles from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 939-945, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a020 . [all data]

Garruti, Franco, et al., 2001
Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; da Silva, M.A.A.A.P.; Janzantti, N.S.; Alves, G.L., Compostos voláteis do sabor de pseudofrutos de cajueiro anão precoce (Anacardium occidentale L.) CCP-76, Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento 4, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Fortaleza, Brazil, 2001, 29, retrieved from http://www.cnpat.embrapa.br/publica/pub/BolPesq/pd4.pdf. [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Condurso, Verzera, et al., 2006
Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 2006, 72, 10, 924-928, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-946679 . [all data]

Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 2006
Xian Q.; Chen H.; Zou H.; Yin D., Chemical composition of essential oils of two submerged macrophytes, Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Vallisneria spiralis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 524-526, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1588 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2004
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Essential oils of Galeopsis pubescens and G. tetrahit from Tuscany (Italy), Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 327-329, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1307 . [all data]

Caviglioli, Valeria, et al., 2002
Caviglioli, G.; Valeria, P.; Brunella, P.; Sergio, C.; Attilia, A.; Gaetano, B., Identification of degradation products of Ibuprofen arising from oxidative and thermal treatments, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 2002, 30, 3, 499-509, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0731-7085(02)00400-4 . [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2004
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.; Valfrè, F., Discrimination of origin of farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 2004, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Boulanger, Chassagne, et al., 1999
Boulanger, R.; Chassagne, D.; Crouzet, J., Free and bound flavour components of amazonian fruits. 1: Bacuri, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 303-311, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<303::AID-FFJ834>3.0.CO;2-C . [all data]

Triqui and Reineccius, 1995
Triqui, R.; Reineccius, G.A., Changes in flavor profiles with ripening of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 7, 1883-1889, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a024 . [all data]

Fernandez-Segovia, Escriche, et al., 2006
Fernandez-Segovia, I.; Escriche, I.; Gomez-Sintes, M.; Fuentes, A.; Serra, J.A., In?uence of di?erent preservation treatments on the volatile fraction of desalted cod, Food Chem., 2006, 98, 3, 473-482, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.06.021 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2002
Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 2002, 35, 1, 43-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(01)00107-7 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2001
Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 192-202, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000692a . [all data]

le Guen, Prost, et al., 2001
le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Evaluation of the representativeness of the odor of cooked mussel extracts and the relationship between sensory descriptors and potent odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1321-1327, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000781n . [all data]

le Guen, Prost, et al., 2000
le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Critical comparison of three olfactometric methods for the identification of the most potent odorants in cooked mussels (Mytilus edulis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1307-1314, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990745s . [all data]

Le Guen, Prost, et al., 2000
Le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Characterization of odorant compounds of mussels (Mytilus edulis) according to their origin using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 896, 1-2, 361-371, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00729-9 . [all data]

Shimoda, Wu, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Aroma compounds from aqueous solution of Haze (Rhus succedanea) honey determined by adsorptive column chromatography, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3913-3918, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9601168 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of volatile compounds among different grades of green tea and their relations to odor attributes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1621-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a038 . [all data]

Romeo, Ziino, et al., 2007
Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1272-1278, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.029 . [all data]

Pennarun, Prost, et al., 2003
Pennarun, A.-L.; Prost, C.; Haure, J.; Demaimay, M., Comparison of two microalgal diets. 2. Influence on odorant composition and organoleptic qualities of raw oysters (Crassostrea gigas), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 7, 2011-2018, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020549c . [all data]

Sérot, Regost, et al., 2002
Sérot, T.; Regost, C.; Arzel, J., Identification of odour-active compounds in muscle of brown trout (Salmo trutta) as affected by dietary lipid sources, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 6, 636-643, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1096 . [all data]

Sérot, Regost, et al., 2001
Sérot, T.; Regost, C.; Prost, C.; Robin, J.; Arzel, J., Effect of dietary lipid sources on odour-active compounds in muscle of turbot (Psetta maxima), J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 14, 1339-1346, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.950 . [all data]

Vasta, Ratel, et al., 2007
Vasta, V.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Raw Meat for the Authentication of the Feeding Background of Farm Animals, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 12, 4630-4639, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063432n . [all data]

Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003, retrieved from http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/afif/Projects/19980016.pdf. [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998
Quiroz A.; Niemeyer H.M., Olfactometer-assessed responses of aphid Rhopalosiphum padi to wheat and oat volatiles, J. Chem. Ecol., 1998, 24, 1, 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022393029987 . [all data]

Alves and Franco, 2003
Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 297-301, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01398-5 . [all data]

Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
Wierda R.L.; Fletcher G.; Xu L.; Dufour J.P., Analysis of volatile compounds as spoilage indicators in fresh king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during storage using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 22, 8480-8490, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061377c . [all data]

Jiang and Kubota, 2004
Jiang, L.; Kubota, K., Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 13, 4197-4203, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030663a . [all data]

Kanasawud and Crouzet, 1990
Kanasawud, P.; Crouzet, J.C., Mechanism of formation of volatile compounds by thermal degradation of carotenoids in aqueous medium. 1. «beta»-Carotene degradation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 237-243, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a052 . [all data]

Garruti, Franco, et al., 2003
Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; da Silva, M.A.A.P.; Janzantti, N.S.; Alves, G.L., Evaluation of volatile flavour compounds from cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L) juice by the Osme gas chromatography/olfactometry technique, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2003, 83, 14, 1455-1462, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1560 . [all data]

Aracil, Font, et al., 2005
Aracil, I.; Font, R.; Conesa, J.A., Semivolatile and volatile compounds from the pyrolysis and combustion of polyvinyl chloride, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2005, 74, 1-2, 465-478, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2004.09.008 . [all data]


Notes

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