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Pyridine, 4-ethyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil441.5KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil441.4KN/APetro and Smyth, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tboil438.4KN/ACox, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tboil438.15KN/AHackmann, Wibaut, et al., 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus182.65KN/ABrown and Murphey, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap46.3 ± 0.7kJ/molCMorais, Miranda, et al., 2003AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
45.3348.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 372. K. See also Kkykj and Repas, 1973.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
120.6300.MN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated by: Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

View reactions leading to C7H9N+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)951.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity919.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998 

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-2669
NIST MS number 227862

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Coleman and Fuoss, 1955
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 944
Instrument Beckman DU
Melting point -90.5
Boiling point 168.3

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Petro and Smyth, 1957
Petro, A.J.; Smyth, C.P., Microwave absorption and molecular structure in liquids. XX. dielectric relaxation times and molecular shapes of some substituted benzenes and pyridines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 6142. [all data]

Cox, 1954
Cox, J.D., Phase relationships in the pyridine series. part IV. the miscibility of the ethylpyridines and dimethylpyridines with water, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 1954, 3183-3187. [all data]

Hackmann, Wibaut, et al., 1943
Hackmann, J.Th.; Wibaut, J.P.; Gitsels, H.P.L., Basic N compounds from cracked distillates of California petroleum, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1943, 62, 229. [all data]

Brown and Murphey, 1951
Brown, H.C.; Murphey, W.A., A convenient synthesis of the monoalkylpyridines; a new prototropic reaction of 3-picoline, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1951, 73, 3308. [all data]

Morais, Miranda, et al., 2003
Morais, Victor M.F.; Miranda, Margarida S.; Matos, M. Agostinha R., Thermochemical study of the ethylpyridine and ethylpyrazine isomers, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2003, 1, 23, 4329-712, https://doi.org/10.1039/b308097h . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Kkykj and Repas, 1973
Kkykj, J.; Repas, M., Petrochemia, 1973, 13, 179. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Coleman and Fuoss, 1955
Coleman, B.D.; Fuoss, R.M., Quaternization kinetics. I. Some pyridine derivatives in tetramethylene sulfone, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 5472-5476. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References