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Butadiynyl

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Marilyn E. Jacox

State:   B


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 24033.432 ± 0.006 gas B-X 400 417 Hishina, Kohguchi, et al., 1998


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

Pi 5 HCC bend 344.2 w gas LF Hishina, Kohguchi, et al., 1998
6 CCC bend 189.3 w gas LF Hishina, Kohguchi, et al., 1998

State:   A


 Energy 
 (cm-1
 Med.   Transition   «lambda»min 
 (nm) 
 «lambda»max 
 (nm) 
 References

To = 222 gas Taylor, Xu, et al., 1998
Zhou, Garand, et al., 2007
Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

Sigma+ 2 CC stretch 2081 T gas PE Taylor, Xu, et al., 1998
Pi 5 627 gas DR Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011
6 HCC bend (w) 401.4 ± 4.0 gas PE DR Zhou, Garand, et al., 2007
Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011
7 CCC bend (w) 190.8 ± 1.0 gas PE DR Taylor, Xu, et al., 1998
Zhou, Garand, et al., 2007
Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011

State:   X


Vib. 
sym. 
 No.   Approximate 
 type of mode 
 cm-1   Med.   Method   References

Sigma+ 1 CH stretch 3307.4 w Ar IR Shen, Doyle, et al., 1990
2 CC stretch 2083.9 w m Ar IR Shen, Doyle, et al., 1990
3 CC stretch 2063.7 Ne IR Forney, Jacox, et al., 1995
Andrews, Kushto, et al., 1999
Wu, Chen, et al., 2009
3 CC stretch 2060.6 m s Ar IR Dismuke, Graham, et al., 1975
Shen, Doyle, et al., 1990
Andrews, Kushto, et al., 1999
4 C-C stretch 930 gas PE DR Taylor, Xu, et al., 1998
Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011
Pi 6 HCC bend 408 ± 10 gas PE Zhou, Garand, et al., 2007
7 CCC bend 170 gas PE DR Zhou, Garand, et al., 2007
Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011

Additional references: Jacox, 1994, page 266; Jacox, 1998, page 286; Jacox, 2003, page 271; Guelin, Green, et al., 1978; Bell, Feldman, et al., 1983; Bell, Matthews, et al., 1983; Gottlieb, Gottlieb, et al., 1983; Woodward, Pearson, et al., 1988; Mikami, Yamamoto, et al., 1989; McCarthy, Gottlieb, et al., 1995; Kim and Yamamoto, 2005

Notes

wWeak
mMedium
sStrong
TTentative assignment or approximate value
oEnergy separation between the v = 0 levels of the excited and electronic ground states.

References

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hishina, Kohguchi, et al., 1998
Hishina, K.; Kohguchi, H.; Ohshima, Y.; Endo, Y., Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy of the C[sub 4]H and C[sub 4]D radicals in a supersonic jet, J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 108, 9, 3465, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.475746 . [all data]

Taylor, Xu, et al., 1998
Taylor, T.R.; Xu, C.; Neumark, D.M., Photoelectron spectra of the C[sub 2n]H[sup -] (n=1--4) and C[sub 2n]D[sup -] (n=1--3) anions, J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 108, 24, 10018, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.476462 . [all data]

Zhou, Garand, et al., 2007
Zhou, J.; Garand, E.; Neumark, D.M., Slow electron velocity-map imaging spectroscopy of the C[sub 4]H[sup -] and C[sub 4]D[sup -] anions, J. Chem. Phys., 2007, 127, 15, 154320, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2795723 . [all data]

Mazzotti, Raghunandan, et al., 2011
Mazzotti, F.J.; Raghunandan, R.; Esmail, A.M.; Tulej, M.; Maier, J.P., Characterization of C4H in the A2«PI» and X2«SIGMA»+ states by double resonance four-wave mixing, J. Chem. Phys., 2011, 134, 16, 164303, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3578188 . [all data]

Shen, Doyle, et al., 1990
Shen, L.N.; Doyle, T.J.; Graham, W.R.M., Fourier transform spectroscopy of C4H (butadiynyl) in Ar at 10 K: C--H and C«equiv»C stretching modes, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 93, 3, 1597, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.459138 . [all data]

Forney, Jacox, et al., 1995
Forney, D.; Jacox, M.E.; Thompson, W.E., The Infrared and Near-Infrared Spectra of HCC and DCC Trapped in Solid Neon, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1995, 170, 1, 178, https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsp.1995.1065 . [all data]

Andrews, Kushto, et al., 1999
Andrews, L.; Kushto, G.P.; Zhou, M.; Willson, S.P.; Souter, P.F., Infrared spectrum of CCH[sup +] in solid argon and neon, J. Chem. Phys., 1999, 110, 9, 4457, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.478329 . [all data]

Wu, Chen, et al., 2009
Wu, Y.-J.; Chen, H.-F.; Camacho, C.; Sitek, H.A.; Hsu, S.-C.; Lin, M.-Y.; Chou, S.-L.; Ogilvie, J.F.; Cheng, B.-M., FORMATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF INTERSTELLAR MOLECULE LINEAR C, Astrophys. J., 2009, 701, 1, 8, https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/8 . [all data]

Dismuke, Graham, et al., 1975
Dismuke, K.I.; Graham, W.R.M.; Weltner, W., Jr., Optical and ESR spectra of the C4H radical in rare gas matrices at 4 K, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 1975, 57, 1, 127, https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2852(75)90047-8 . [all data]

Jacox, 1994
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1994, 464. [all data]

Jacox, 1998
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement A, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 2, 115-393, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556017 . [all data]

Jacox, 2003
Jacox, M.E., Vibrational and electronic energy levels of polyatomic transient molecules: supplement B, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2003, 32, 1, 1-441, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1497629 . [all data]

Guelin, Green, et al., 1978
Guelin, M.; Green, S.; Thaddeus, P., Detection of the C4H radical toward IRC plus 10216, Astrophys. J., 1978, 224, L27, https://doi.org/10.1086/182751 . [all data]

Bell, Feldman, et al., 1983
Bell, M.B.; Feldman, P.A.; Matthews, H.E., The detection of butadiynyl (C4H) in absorption against Cassiopeia A, Astrophys. J., 1983, 273, L35, https://doi.org/10.1086/184125 . [all data]

Bell, Matthews, et al., 1983
Bell, M.B.; Matthews, H.E.; Sears, T.J., Astron. Astrophys., 1983, 127, 241. [all data]

Gottlieb, Gottlieb, et al., 1983
Gottlieb, C.A.; Gottlieb, E.W.; Thaddeus, P.; Kawamura, H., Laboratory detection of the C3N an C4H free radicals, Astrophys. J., 1983, 275, 916, https://doi.org/10.1086/161585 . [all data]

Woodward, Pearson, et al., 1988
Woodward, D.R.; Pearson, J.C.; Gottlieb, C.A.; Thaddeus, P., The radio spectrum of the C4D radical, Astrophys. J. Lett., 1988, 333, L29, https://doi.org/10.1086/185280 . [all data]

Mikami, Yamamoto, et al., 1989
Mikami, H.; Yamamoto, S.; Saito, S.; Guelin, M., Astron. Astrophys., 1989, 217, L5. [all data]

McCarthy, Gottlieb, et al., 1995
McCarthy, M.C.; Gottlieb, C.A.; Thaddeus, P.; Horn, M.; Botschwina, P., Structure of the CCCN and CCCCH radicals: Isotopic substitution and ab initio theory, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 103, 18, 7820, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.470198 . [all data]

Kim and Yamamoto, 2005
Kim, E.; Yamamoto, S., Rotational spectra of the deuterated carbon chain molecules: C3D, C4D, C3HD, and C4HD, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 2005, 233, 1, 93, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2005.05.010 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References