Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Phenol, 2,3-dimethyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-157.3 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
40.0850.Kudchadker S.A., 1979GT
70.43100.
98.06150.
121.49200.
153.41273.15
164.10298.15
164.89300.
205.46400.
240.42500.
269.26600.
293.02700.
312.83800.
329.56900.
343.811000.
356.011100.
366.501200.
375.561300.
383.391400.
390.201500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-241.3 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-4336.00 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -241.2 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil490. ± 4.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus347. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 14 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc722.85KN/AAmbrose, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub84.0 ± 1.0kJ/molVAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960ALS
Deltasub84.0kJ/molN/AAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960DRB
Deltasub59.4 ± 0.8kJ/molVWolf and Weghofer, 1938ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
52.1448.A,GS,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 433. - 492. K. See also Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
422.50 - 491.622.40468582.758-247.50Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
357. - 492.4.650792147.312-28.347von Terres, Gebert, et al., 1955Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
84. ± 1.0283. - 323.GSAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970 and Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC
61.5 ± 0.8310.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938ALS

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
21.024346.0N/APoeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
20.29345.8DSCJamróz, Palczewska-Tulinska, et al., 1998AC
21.02346.N/AAcree, 1991AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
60.76346.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

View reactions leading to C8H10O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference
8.26EIRussell, Freiser, et al., 1983

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H7+11.01?EIRussell, Freiser, et al., 1983 
C7H7O+10.63CH3EIRussell, Freiser, et al., 1983 

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1694
NIST MS number 228365

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1150.Berezkin, Popova, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-1150.1159.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1159.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1159.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1160.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-1100.1143.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1143.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryPS-255150.1159.Engewald, Billing, et al., 198850. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedOV-1180.1132.Radecki and Grzybowski, 1978Chromosorb W HMDS (100-120 mesh); Column length: 2.1 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301169.Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980Chromosorb W HMDS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2.9 m; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11151.Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51181.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1190.6Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryVF-5MS1178.9Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 1C/min =>
CapillaryVF-5MS1180.1Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 2C/min =>
CapillaryVF-5MS1182.2Mjøs, Meier, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 30C/min => 100C => 4C/min =>
CapillaryDB-5MS1184.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-102155.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-11153.Gruzdev, Kuzivanov, et al., 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51200.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1132.Majcher, Lawrowski, et al., 201025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11151.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11166.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillarySPB-51167.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-11158.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-11147.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1132.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-301169.Peterson, 1992Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1178.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1181.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1169.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2143.Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2137.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2140.Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2147.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2147.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2120.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2188.Zimmermann, Lauterbach, et al., 1985Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5198.03Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5196.8Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min
CapillaryDB-5198.95Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone198.65Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone198.95Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960
Andon, R.J.L.; Biddiscombe, D.P.; Cox, J.D.; Handley, R.; Harrop, D.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part I. Preparation and physical properties of pure phenol, cresols, and xylenols, J. Chem. Soc., 1960, 5246-5254. [all data]

Kudchadker S.A., 1979
Kudchadker S.A., Property data available for coal chemicals, Hydrocarbon Process., 1979, 58, 169-171. [all data]

Ambrose, 1963
Ambrose, D., Critical Temperatures of Some Phenols and Other Organic Compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1963, 59, 1988. [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2
Andon, R.J.L.; Biddiscombe, D.P.; Cox, J.D.; Handley, R.; Harrop, D.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., 1009. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part I. Preparation and physical properties of pure phenol, cresols, and xylenols, J. Chem. Soc., 1960, 5246, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9600005246 . [all data]

von Terres, Gebert, et al., 1955
von Terres, E.; Gebert, F.; Hulsemann, H.; Petereit, H.; Toepsch, H.; Ruppert, W., Zur Kenntnis der physikalisch-chemischen Grundlagen der Gewinnung und Zerlegung der Phenolfraktionen von Steinkohlenteer und Braunkohlenschwelteer. IV. Mitteilung Die Dampfdrucke von Phenol und Phenolderivaten, Brennst.-Chem., 1955, 36, 272-274. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press Inc., London, 1970, 643. [all data]

Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Fanelli, E.; Braghetti, M., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 24(2), 273-279. [all data]

Jamróz, Palczewska-Tulinska, et al., 1998
Jamróz, Malgorzata E.; Palczewska-Tulinska, Marcela; Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, Danuta; Szafranski, Andrzej M.; Polaczek, Jerzy; Dobrowolski, Jan Cz.; Jamróz, Michal H.; Mazurek, Aleksander P., The urea--phenol(s) systems, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1998, 152, 2, 307-326, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(98)90206-0 . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Russell, Freiser, et al., 1983
Russell, D.H.; Freiser, B.S.; McBay, E.H.; Canada, D.C., The structure of decomposing [C7H7O]+ ions: Benzyl versus tropylium ion structures, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1983, 18, 474. [all data]

Berezkin, Popova, et al., 1997
Berezkin, V.G.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryayeva, V.Ye.; Nomura, N., Gas-chromatographic separation of monoalkylphenols on polar and non-polar phases by means of capillary chromatography, Pet. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 37, 2, 161-167. [all data]

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Engewald, Billing, et al., 1988
Engewald, W.; Billing, U.; Topalova, I.; Petsev, N., Structure-retention correlations of alkylphenols in gas-liquid and gas-solid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 446, 71-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94419-4 . [all data]

Radecki and Grzybowski, 1978
Radecki, A.; Grzybowski, J., Linear relationship between retention indices and chemical structure of phenols, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 152, 1, 211-213, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85352-2 . [all data]

Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980
Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A.; Radecki, A., Relationship between the retention indices of phenols on polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 196, 2, 217-223, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80441-0 . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Mjøs, Meier, et al., 2006
Mjøs, S.A.; Meier, S.; Boitsov, S., Alkylphenol retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1123, 1, 98-105, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.05.002 . [all data]

Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 2006
Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 9, 3391-3401, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf053001p . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2001
Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 192-202, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000692a . [all data]

Gruzdev, Kuzivanov, et al., 2012
Gruzdev, I.V.; Kuzivanov, I.M.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Kondratenok, B.M., Gas-chromatographic identification of products formed in iodination of methyl phenols by retention indices, Rus. J. Appl. Chem., 2012, 85, 9, 1355-1365, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1070427212090108 . [all data]

Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 2011
Czerny, M.; Brueckner, R.; Kirchoff, E.; Schmitt, R.; Buettner, A., The influence of molecular structure on odor qualities and odor detection thresholds of volatile alkylated phenols, Chem. Senses, 2011, 1-15, retrieved from http://chemie.oxfordjournals.org. [all data]

Majcher, Lawrowski, et al., 2010
Majcher, M.; Lawrowski, P.; Jelen, H., Comparison of original and adulterated oscypek cheese based on volatile and sensory profiles, Acta Sci. Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2010, 9, 3, 265-275. [all data]

Lee, Lee, et al., 2005
Lee, K.-G.; Lee, S.-E.; Takeoka, G.R.; Kim, J.-H.; Park, B.-S., Antioxidant activity and characterization of volatile constituents of beechwood creosote, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2005, 85, 9, 1580-1586, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2156 . [all data]

Poligné, Collignan, et al., 2001
Poligné, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Characterization of traditional processing of pork meat into boucané, Meat Sci., 2001, 59, 4, 377-389, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00090-0 . [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 1998
Guyot, C.; Bouseta, A.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of chestnut and lime tree honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 625-633, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970510l . [all data]

Peterson, 1992
Peterson, K.L., Counter-Propagation Neural Networks in the Modeling and Prediction of Kovats Indices for Substituted Phenols, Anal. Chem., 1992, 64, 4, 379-386, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00028a011 . [all data]

Geldon, 1989
Geldon, A.L., Ground Water Hydrology of the Central Raton Basin, Colorado and New Mexico, US Geological Survey, US Government Printing Office, 1989, 104. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 2012
Souza, J.B.G.; Re-Poppi, N.; Raposo, J.L.(Jr)., Characterization of pyroligneous acid used in agriculture by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (in press), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2012, 00, 00, 1-8. [all data]

Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003
Miyazawa, M.; Okuno, Y., Volatile components from the roots of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl., Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 398-400, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1232 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Zimmermann, Lauterbach, et al., 1985
Zimmermann, V.; Lauterbach, M.; Jaeger, G., Analytical characterization phenolic compounds obtained from phenosolvan-extracts by use of gas-chromatography with capillary columns, Chem. Tech. (Leipzig), 1985, 37, 11, 476-478. [all data]

Williams and Horne, 1995
Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1995, 31, 15-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(94)00814-H . [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 642, 1-2, 409-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80106-I . [all data]

Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993
Eckel, W.P.; Ross, B.; Isensee, R.K., Pentobarbital found in ground water, Ground Water, 1993, 31, 5, 801-804, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6584.1993.tb00853.x . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References