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Benzene, 1,2,3-trimethyl-

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-101OV-1CP Sil 2
Column length (m) 60.60.50.50.100.
Carrier gas   H2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.2 0.25
Temperature (C) 100.120.60.100.80.
I 1035.41043.51001.051015.81022.4
ReferencePérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004Garay, 2000Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneHP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 3.25.25.25.25.
Carrier gas H2N2N2N2N2
Substrate Silanized white support (80-100 mesh)    
Column diameter (mm)  0.200.200.200.20
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.60.60.100.100.
I 1013.1001.1002.1014.1014.
ReferenceHongwei and Zhide, 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 60.60.50.50.278.
Carrier gas    HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.200.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.120.100.100.100.
I 1014.91021.91016.1016.1016.
ReferenceEngewald and Maurer, 1990Engewald and Maurer, 1990Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SqualaneOV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 278. 85.85.85.
Carrier gas H2 N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.280.280.28
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.100.100.
I 1016.1012.1013.1016.1013.
ReferenceMatisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SqualaneSqualaneDB-1
Column length (m) 85.85.100.100.60.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.280.28  0.264
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 110.90.106.96.60.
I 1017.1010.1012.1009.999.9
ReferenceBoneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SE-30SE-30SE-30OV-101
Column length (m) 60.15.100.100.50.
Carrier gas  N2  N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2590.250.50.50.30
Phase thickness (mum) 1.    
Temperature (C) 60.70.130.80.100.
I 1000.1006.01029.1009.1016.
ReferenceLubeck and Sutton, 1983Tóth, 1983Bredael, 1982Bredael, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SqualaneSqualaneOV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.300.300.250.250.3
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.140.86.96.100.
I 1023.1031.1007.81010.51015.9
ReferenceGerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.50.1.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2HeN2N2
Substrate   Chromaton N-AW-HMDS  
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.3   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.140.100.86.86.
I 1022.81031.21017.1007.81007.9
ReferenceGerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSE-30
Column length (m) 50.50.100.100.6.1
Carrier gas   N2H2N2
Substrate     Chrom W
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.230.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 86.96.100.80.110.
I 1007.81010.51013.1004.311033.
ReferenceNabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Engewald and Wennrich, 1976Soják and Rijks, 1976Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSE-30SqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.25.510.550.50.
Carrier gas H2HeHeN2N2
Substrate    Celite 545Celite 545
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.50.250.30.3
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.65.100.120.86.
I 1010.1005.21011.91018.1007.
ReferenceMitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Squalane
Column length (m) 200.
Carrier gas N2
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.2
Phase thickness (mum)  
Temperature (C) 86.
I 1007.5
ReferenceSoják and Bucinská, 1970
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004
Pérez-Parajón, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takács, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1048, 2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.07.028 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999
Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Che, X., The application quantitative structure-retention relationship of GC to aid MS qualitative analysis, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1999, 17, 4, 351-353. [all data]

Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995
Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 7, 403-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180703 . [all data]

Hongwei and Zhide, 1992
Hongwei, Z.; Zhide, H., Utilization of total solubility parameter for calculating retention indices of alkylbenzenes, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 11/12, 575-580, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02262251 . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Engewald and Maurer, 1990
Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. I. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 520, 3-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(90)85078-A . [all data]

Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989
Dimov, N.; Mekenyan, Ov., Quantitative Relationships Between the Structure of Alkylbenzenes and Their Gas Chromatographic Retention on Stationary Phasses with Different Polarity, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 471, 227-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94170-0 . [all data]

Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989
Matisová, E.; Kovacicová, E.; Ha, P.T.; Kolek, E.; Engewald, W., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. II. Retention indices on OV-101 columns and retention-molecular structure correlations, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 475, 2, 113-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)89667-9 . [all data]

Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988
Matisová, E.; Rukríglová, M.; Krupcík, J.; Kovacicová, E.; Holotík, S., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. I. OV-101 as stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 455, 301-309, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82129-4 . [all data]

Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987
Nabivach, V.M.; Vasiliev, E.E.E., Correlation dependencies of GC retention indices from physical chemical properties and structures of aromatic hydrocarbons, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 1987, 30, 72-75. [all data]

Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983
Boneva, St.; Papazova, D.; Dimov, N., Retention Indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on glass and metal capillary columns with stationary phase OV-101, Jahrb. Chem. Tech. Hochschule Burgas, 1983, 18, 143-148. [all data]

Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983
Kugucheva, E.E.; Mashinsky, V.I., Retention Indices of Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Capillary Columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus), 1983, 38, 11, 2023-2026. [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060612 . [all data]

Tóth, 1983
Tóth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 279, 157-165, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93614-3 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Relationship between molecular structure and gas chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes C8-C1 2 on polydimethylsiloxane, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1982, 37, 110-116. [all data]

Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982
Macák, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 234, 2, 285-302, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81867-1 . [all data]

Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 208, 1, 9-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)87953-4 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., Relationship between the gas chromatographic behaviour and the molecular structure of hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases. Part II. Correlation between the retention index, physicochemical properties and molecular structure, Chromatographia, 1980, 13, 2, 93-100, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02263060 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., The use of retention indices for identifying the components of crude benzene, Solid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1979, 13, 3, 82-87. [all data]

Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978
Nabivach, V.M.; Bur'yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1978, 33, 7, 1108-1113. [all data]

Engewald and Wennrich, 1976
Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L., Molekülstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. VIII. Zum Retentionsverhalten höherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 11, 540-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275960 . [all data]

Soják and Rijks, 1976
Soják, L.; Rijks, J.A., Capillary gas chromatography of alkylbenzenes. I. Some problems encountered with the precision of the retention indcies of alkylbenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 119, 505-521, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86812-0 . [all data]

Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 99, 215-230, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90857-4 . [all data]

Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2
Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 1974, 91, 633-648, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97944-0 . [all data]

Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974
Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 91, 677-689, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97947-6 . [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2 . [all data]

Soják and Bucinská, 1970
Soják, L.; Bucinská, A., Open tubular column gas chromatography of dehydrogenation products of C6-C10 n-alkanes. Separation and identification of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J. Chromatogr., 1970, 51, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96841-4 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References