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Benzene, 1,2,3-trimethyl-

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CBHP-5 MSPetrocol DHVF-5 MSVF-5 MS
Column length (m) 60.30.100.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.00.250.500.250.25
Tstart (C) 45.35.20.30.30.
Tend (C) 210.300.220.260.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.63.15.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 1.455.15.  
Final hold (min) 2.7215.30.28.28.
I 1015.1017.1009.1020.1023.
ReferenceBramston-Cook, 2013Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012Supelco, 2012Leffingwell and Alford, 2011Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PONAHP-5 MS5 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneHP-5SPB-5
Column length (m) 50.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeliumHeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.251.0.251.0
Tstart (C) 35.50.40.30.30.
Tend (C) 200.280.250.260.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.7.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 15. 10.2. 
Final hold (min) 10. 5.28. 
I 1014.993.976.997.51034.
ReferenceZhang, Ding, et al., 2009Zhao, Zeng, et al., 2009Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007Leffingwell and Alford, 2005Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-5MSBP-1OV-1OV-101
Column length (m) 30.60.50. 50.
Carrier gas HeHeHe Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.22 0.20
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.75 0.50
Tstart (C) 50.35.50.50.30.
Tend (C) 280.250.200.160.100.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.3.5.2.1.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.  6.
Final hold (min) 10.    
I 962.998.1019.1005.1000.
ReferenceDamon, Hernández, et al., 2002Fernando and Grün, 2001Health Safety Executive, 2000Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5 MSDB-1CP Sil 5 CBOV-101
Column length (m) 30.30.60.25.50.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 1.20.450.5
Tstart (C) 35.50.30.0.50.
Tend (C) 300.250.240.320.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.4.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 2. 10.5. 
Final hold (min) 10.  10. 
I 1028.2966.1016.1000.981.
ReferenceWang and Fingas, 1995Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1992Hartgers, Damste, et al., 1992Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase OV-101SE-30Apiezon L
Column length (m) 54.50.2.
Carrier gas HeliumHe 
Substrate   Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS
Column diameter (mm) 0.260.5 
Phase thickness (mum)    
Tstart (C) 50.40.25.
Tend (C) 240.170. 
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.10.
Initial hold (min) 0.3. 
Final hold (min) 0.  
I 1010.1007.976.
ReferenceZenkevich and Ventura, 1991Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bramston-Cook, 2013
Bramston-Cook, R., Kovats indices for C2-C13 hydrocarbons and selected oxygenated/halocarbons with 100 % dimethylpolysiloxane columns, 2013, retrieved from http://lotusinstruments.com/monographs/List .... [all data]

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Supelco, 2012
Supelco, CatalogNo. 24160-U, Petrocol DH Columns. Catalog No. 24160-U, 2012, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Supelco/Datasheet/1/w97949.Par.0001.File.tmp/w97949.pdf. [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Zhang, Ding, et al., 2009
Zhang, X.; Ding, L.; Sun, Z.; Song, L.; Sun, T., Study on quantitative structure-retention relationships for hydrocarbons in FCC gasoline, Chromatographia, 2009, 70, 3/4, 511-518, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-009-1174-0 . [all data]

Zhao, Zeng, et al., 2009
Zhao, C.; Zeng, Y.; Wan, M.; Li, R.; Liang, Y.; Li, C.; Zeng, Z.; Chau, F.-T., Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods, J. Sep. Sci., 2009, 32, 4, 660-670, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800484 . [all data]

Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007
Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1923-1931, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062810l . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 2003, 23, 4, 497-511, https://doi.org/10.3166/sda.23.497-511 . [all data]

Damon, Hernández, et al., 2002
Damon, A.A.; Hernández, A.S.; Rojas, J.C., Analysis of the fragrance produced by the epiphytic orchid Anathallis (Pleurothallis) racemiflora (orchidaceae) in the Soconusco region, Chiapas, Mexico, Lindleyana, 2002, 17, 2, 93-97. [all data]

Fernando and Grün, 2001
Fernando, L.N.; Grün, I.U., Headspace-SPME analysis of volatiles of the ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 289-293, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.999 . [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999
Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. 2. Fraction boiling at 160-180 0C, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 1999, 48, 3, 136-140. [all data]

Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 2
Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. 1. Fraction boiling at yp to 160 0C, Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem., 1999, 48, 1, 30-39. [all data]

Wang and Fingas, 1995
Wang, Z.; Fingas, M., Differentiation of the source of spilled oil and monitoring of the oil weathering process using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1995, 712, 2, 321-343, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)00546-Y . [all data]

Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994
Gomez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A., Comparative study of the aromatic profiles of two different plum species: Prunus salicina Lindl and Prunus simonii L., J. Sci. Food Agric., 1994, 65, 1, 111-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740650116 . [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1992
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 75-84, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150205 . [all data]

Hartgers, Damste, et al., 1992
Hartgers, W.A.; Damste, J.S.S.; de Leeuw, J.W., Identification of C2-C4 alkylated benzenes in flash pyrolysates of kerogens, coals and asphaltenes, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 606, 2, 211-220, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)87027-6 . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1991
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1991, 46, 1421-1429. [all data]

Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991
Zenkevich, I.G.; Ventura, K., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Volatile Products of Thermal Degradation of Bitumen, Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Rus.), 1991, 9, 1974-1979. [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]

Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979
Dahlmann, G.; Köser, H.J.K.; Oelert, H.H., Multiple korrelation von retentionsindizes, Chromatographia, 1979, 12, 10, 665-671, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02302943 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References