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Triphenylmethane

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas66.0 ± 1.2kcal/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas129.cal/mol*KN/AMarcus Y., 1986This value calculated from published spectroscopic and structural data is in close agreement with estimations by a method of increments (549-568 J/mol*K [85MAR/LOE, Dorofeeva O.V., 1997]). Value obtained from calorimetric data (722.7 J/mol*K [85MAR/LOE]) authors do not regard as reliable.; GT

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid40.08 ± 0.98kcal/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafsolid38.94 ± 0.96kcal/molCcbParks, West, et al., 1946Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 38.71 ± 0.02 kcal/mol; ALS
Deltafsolid  CcbSchmidlin, 1906uncertain value: 34.6 kcal/mol; Undetermine error; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-2374.40 ± 0.30kcal/molCcbCoops, Mulder, et al., 1947Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2370.17 ± 0.32 kcal/mol; See Coops, Mulder, et al., 1946; Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = 40.91 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-2372.43 ± 0.95kcal/molCcbParks, West, et al., 1946Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2372.23 ± 0.95 kcal/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = 38.94 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid  CcbSchmidlin, 1906uncertain value: -2385.1 kcal/mol; Undetermine error; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar74.59cal/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 99.75 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
108.5373.Kurbatov, 1950T = 100 to 343°C.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
70.65298.15Steele, 1979DH
79.71298.1Eibert, 1944T = 30 to 200°C, equations only, in t°C. Cp(c) = 0.326 cal/g*K (30 to 90°C); Cp(liq) = 0.325 + 0.000889t cal/g*K (92 to 200°C).; DH
73.80303.Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932T = 30 to 110°C.; DH
70.60298.15Smith and Andrews, 1931T = 102 to 346 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
70.41294.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 89 to 294 K. Value is unsmoothed datum.; DH
62.40298.15Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917T = 293 to 418 K. From heat content data.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil449.KN/AMcGrath and Levine, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tboil632.KN/AKurbatov, 1950, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tboil632.KN/ALagerlof, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus365. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 26 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap22.3 ± 0.53kcal/molCGCHanshaw, Nutt, et al., 2008AC
Deltavap22.6kcal/molCGCChickos, Hesse, et al., 1998AC
Deltavap22.7kcal/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 453. - 503. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub25.91 ± 0.67kcal/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltasub26.1 ± 0.1kcal/molGSVerevkin, 1999Based on data from 323. - 353. K.; AC
Deltasub26.8kcal/molCGC-DSCChickos, Hesse, et al., 1998AC
Deltasub24.07kcal/molN/AMarcus and Loewenschuss, 1986See also Cuthbertson and Bent, 1936.; AC
Deltasub25.0 ± 0.2kcal/molVPepekin, Erlikh, et al., 1974ALS

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
631.70.992Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
19.6403.N/ASasse, N'guimbi, et al., 1989Based on data from 343. - 462. K.; AC
14.0527.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 512. - 643. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
442.9 - 532.413.846367254.697-9.133Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
25.5 ± 0.1338.GSVerevkin, 1999Based on data from 323. - 353. K.; AC
27.22353.EMSasse, N'guimbi, et al., 1989Based on data from 343. - 363. K.; AC
25.53330.THansen and Eckert, 1986Based on data from 303. - 358. K.; AC
23.92 ± 0.14367.VAihara, 1959crystal phase; ALS
23.9 ± 0.1339.VAihara, 1959, 2Based on data from 325. - 349. K. See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2 and Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
5.2531365.3N/ASpaght, Thomas, et al., 1932DH
4.95367.2DSCVerevkin, 1999AC
5.251365.3N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC
5.0000365.6N/AEibert, 1944DH
4.3499365.5N/AHildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.4365.3Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932DH
13.7365.6Eibert, 1944DH
11.9365.5Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
MS - José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C19H15- + Hydrogen cation = Triphenylmethane

By formula: C19H15- + H+ = C19H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar358.7 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar360.8 ± 2.5kcal/molG+TSBartmessgas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar350.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar352.8 ± 2.3kcal/molIMREBartmessgas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Hydrogen + Benzene, 1,1',1'',1''',1'''',1'''''-(1,2-ethanediylidyne)hexakis- = 2Triphenylmethane

By formula: H2 + C38H30 = 2C19H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-40.5 ± 0.6kcal/molChydBent and Cuthbertson, 1936liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-34.8kcal/molChydBent and Cuthbertson, 1936liquid phase; solvent: Ethylacetate; ALS

Chlorine anion + Triphenylmethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Triphenylmethane)

By formula: Cl- + C19H16 = (Cl- bullet C19H16)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.10kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.1300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

C19H15BrMg (solution) + Hydrogen bromide (g) = Triphenylmethane (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

By formula: C19H15BrMg (solution) + HBr (g) = C19H16 (solution) + Br2Mg (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-55.21 ± 0.53kcal/molRSCHolm, 1981solvent: Diethyl ether; MS

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.34 ± 0.03PIRodionov, Potapov, et al., 1973LLK
8.34 ± 0.04PIPotapov, Kardash, et al., 1972LLK
8.40 ± 0.05PEDistefano, Pignataro, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C13H11+10.9C6H5PIRodionov, Potapov, et al., 1973LLK

De-protonation reactions

C19H15- + Hydrogen cation = Triphenylmethane

By formula: C19H15- + H+ = C19H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar358.7 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar360.8 ± 2.5kcal/molG+TSBartmessgas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar350.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar352.8 ± 2.3kcal/molIMREBartmessgas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chlorine anion + Triphenylmethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Triphenylmethane)

By formula: Cl- + C19H16 = (Cl- bullet C19H16)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.10kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.1300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-5907
NIST MS number 228265

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source missing citation
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 9007
Instrument Unicam SP 700
Melting point 94
Boiling point 359; 200(10)

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30200.1978.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301982.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1997.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-5327.8Schwarzbauer, Franke, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008
Roux, M.V.; Temprado, M.; Chickos, J.S.; Nagano, Y., Critically Evaluated Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008, 37, 4, 1855-1996. [all data]

Marcus Y., 1986
Marcus Y., Entropies of tetrahedral M-phenyl species, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1986, 82, 993-1006. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1997
Dorofeeva O.V., Unpublished results. Thermocenter of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, 1997. [all data]

Parks, West, et al., 1946
Parks, G.S.; West, T.J.; Naylor, B.F.; Fujii, P.S.; McClaine, L.A., Thermal data on organic compounds. XXIII. Modern combustion data for fourteen hydrocarbons and five polyhydroxy alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 2524-2527. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Schmidlin, 1906
Schmidlin, M.J., Recherches chimiques et thermochimiques sur la constitution des rosanilines, Ann. Chim. Phys., 1906, 1, 195-256. [all data]

Coops, Mulder, et al., 1947
Coops, J.; Mulder, D.; Dienske, J.W.; Smittenberg, J., Researches on heat of combustion IV. Technique for the determination of the heats of combustion of volatile liquids, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1947, 66, 153-160. [all data]

Coops, Mulder, et al., 1946
Coops, J.; Mulder, D.; Dienske, J.W.; Smittenberg, J., The heats of combustion of a number of hydrocarbons, Rec. Trav. Chim. Pays/Bas, 1946, 65, 128. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Daniels, A.C., Thermal data on organic compounds. VII. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of twelve aromatic hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 1547-1558. [all data]

Kurbatov, 1950
Kurbatov, V.Ya., Specific heats of liquids. III. Specific heat of hydrocarbons with several noncondensed rings, Zhur. Obshch. Khim., 1950, 20, 1139-1144. [all data]

Steele, 1979
Steele, W.V., The standard enthalpies of formation of the triphenyl compounds of the group V elements. 2. Triphenylbismuth and the Ph-Bi mean bond-dissociation energy, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1979, 11, 187-192. [all data]

Eibert, 1944
Eibert, J., Thesis Washington University (St. Louis), 1944. [all data]

Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932
Spaght, M.E.; Thomas, S.B.; Parks, G.S., Some heat capacity data on organic compounds obtained with a radiation calorimeter, J. Phys. Chem., 1932, 36, 882-888. [all data]

Smith and Andrews, 1931
Smith, R.H.; Andrews, D.H., Thermal energy studies. I. Phenyl derivatives of methane, ethane and some related compounds. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3644-3660. [all data]

Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917
Hildebrand, J.H.; Duschak, A.D.; Foster, A.H., and Beebe, C.W. The specific heats and heats of fusion of triphenylmethane, anthraquinone and anthracene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1917, 39, 2293-2297. [all data]

McGrath and Levine, 1955
McGrath, T.F.; Levine, R., The Reactions of Certain Fluorinated and Chlorinated Acetic Acids with Phenyllithium in Refluxing Ether, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 3634. [all data]

Kurbatov, 1950, 2
Kurbatov, V.Y., Specific heat of liquids. III. Specific heat of hydrocarbons with several noncondensed rings, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1950, 20, 1139. [all data]

Lagerlof, 1918
Lagerlof, D., Thermodynamic research: reduced formulas for simplified calculations of latent molar heat of evaporation, J. Prakt. Chem., 1918, 98, 136. [all data]

Hanshaw, Nutt, et al., 2008
Hanshaw, William; Nutt, Marjorie; Chickos, James S., Hypothetical Thermodynamic Properties. Subcooled Vaporization Enthalpies and Vapor Pressures of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2008, 53, 8, 1903-1913, https://doi.org/10.1021/je800300x . [all data]

Chickos, Hesse, et al., 1998
Chickos, James; Hesse, Donald; Hosseini, Sarah; Nichols, Gary; Webb, Paul, Sublimation enthalpies at 298.15K using correlation gas chromatography and differential scanning calorimetry measurements, Thermochimica Acta, 1998, 313, 2, 101-110, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6031(97)00432-2 . [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Verevkin, 1999
Verevkin, Sergey P., Thermochemical Properties of Triphenylalkanes and Tetraphenylmethane. Strain in Phenyl Substituted Alkanes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1999, 44, 3, 557-562, https://doi.org/10.1021/je9802726 . [all data]

Marcus and Loewenschuss, 1986
Marcus, Yizhak; Loewenschuss, Aharon, Entropies of tetrahedral M---phenyl species, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1986, 82, 3, 993, https://doi.org/10.1039/f19868200993 . [all data]

Cuthbertson and Bent, 1936
Cuthbertson, G.R.; Bent, H.E., Single Bond Energies. IV. The Vapor Pressure of Hexaphenylethane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 10, 2000-2003, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01301a052 . [all data]

Pepekin, Erlikh, et al., 1974
Pepekin, V.I.; Erlikh, R.D.; Matyushin, Yu.N.; Lebedev, Yu.A., Dissociation energy of the C - N3 bond in triphenylazidomethane and benzyl and phenyl azides. Enghalpy of formation of triphenylmethyl radical, Dokl. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1974, 214, 123-125. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Sasse, N'guimbi, et al., 1989
Sasse, K.; N'guimbi, J.; Jose, J.; Merlin, J.C., Tension de vapeur d'hydrocarbures polyaromatiques dans le domaine 10-3--10 Torr, Thermochimica Acta, 1989, 146, 53-61, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(89)87075-3 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Hansen and Eckert, 1986
Hansen, Philip C.; Eckert, Charles A., An improved transpiration method for the measurement of very low vapor pressures, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1986, 31, 1, 1-3, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00043a001 . [all data]

Aihara, 1959
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Aihara, 1959, 2
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Notes

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