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2,3-Butanediol

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-130.2kcal/molCcbBaroody and Carpenter, 1972ALS
Deltafliquid-129.5kcal/molCcbMoureu and Dode, 1937ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-588.3kcal/molCcbMoureu and Dode, 1937Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -129.5 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
50.91298.2Khokhlovkin and Kalacheva, 1936T = 26 to 140°C.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil456.7KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil455.65KN/AMellan, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tboil455.15KN/AWalpole, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tboil415.15KN/ASabatier and Mailhe, 1907Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus292.15KN/AMellan, 1962Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
14.9363.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 348. - 457. K.; AC
14.0332.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 317. - 455. K.; AC
13.8378.N/ASchierholtz and Staples, 1935Based on data from 353. - 403. K.; AC
13.3380.N/ASchierholtz and Staples, 1935Based on data from 303. - 456. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
317. - 455.6.068682616.746-24.565Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

2,3-Butanediol, diacetate + 2Water = 2,3-Butanediol + 2Acetic acid

By formula: C8H14O4 + 2H2O = C4H10O2 + 2C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-5.33 ± 0.50kcal/molCmShlechter, Othmer, et al., 1945liquid phase; Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970

2,3-Butanediol + 2Acetic acid = 2,3-Butanediol, diacetate + 2Water

By formula: C4H10O2 + 2C2H4O2 = C8H14O4 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.330kcal/molEqkShlechter, Othmer, et al., 1945liquid phase; Heat of esterification at 338-453 K

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-4381
NIST MS number 229493

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Baroody and Carpenter, 1972
Baroody, E.E.; Carpenter, G.A., Heats of formation of propellant compounds (U), Rpt. Naval Ordnance Systems Command Task No. 331-003/067-1/UR2402-001 for Naval Ordance Station, Indian Head, MD, 1972, 1-9. [all data]

Moureu and Dode, 1937
Moureu, H.; Dode, M., Chaleurs de formation de l'oxyde d'ethylene, de l'ethanediol et de quelques homologues, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1937, 4, 637-647. [all data]

Khokhlovkin and Kalacheva, 1936
Khokhlovkin, M.A.; Kalacheva, A.V., The specific heat of 2,3-butanediol, Sintet. Kauchuk 5, 1936, No.1, 25-27. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Mellan, 1962
Mellan, I., Polyhydric Alcohols, Spartan Books: Washington, DC, 1962. [all data]

Walpole, 1911
Walpole, G.S., Proc. R. Soc. London, B, 1911, 83, 272. [all data]

Sabatier and Mailhe, 1907
Sabatier, P.; Mailhe, A., The Direct Hydrogenation of Methyl Diketones, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1907, 144, 1086. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Schierholtz and Staples, 1935
Schierholtz, O.J.; Staples, M.L., Vapor Pressures of Certain Glycols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 12, 2709-2711, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01315a106 . [all data]

Shlechter, Othmer, et al., 1945
Shlechter, N.; Othmer, D.F.; Marshak, S., Esterification of 2,3-butylene glycol with acetic acid, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1945, 37, 900-905. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References