Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, 2-methyl-3-methylene-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-, (1S-exo)-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Mark Whitten, Florida Museum of Natural History, U. of Florida
NIST MS number 141046

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51462.Viña and Murillo, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 0.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51461.da Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51463.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1458.Saroglou, Arfan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-11445.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51462.Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51461.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1456.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-51462.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-51467.Mondello, Zappia, et al., 200010. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 12.3 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 350. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1449.Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1449.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1463.3Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryBPX-51492.Elmore, Erbahadir, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C (5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 10C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Wax1648.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1620.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax1655.Bassole, Ouattara, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1617.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1467.Pripdeevech and Saansoomchai, 201330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51457.Magalhaes, Lima, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBPX-51492.Rali, Wossa, et al., 200750. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1460.Ayoub, Al-Azizi, et al., 2006He, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1460.Ebrahim Sajjadi and Mehregan, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1437.Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-51463.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51458.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11449.Tohar, Mohd, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-51469.Jürgens and Dötterl, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4.6 min, 6. K/min, 260. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-51445.Lago, de Ávila, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11459.Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51465.da Silva, Luz, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1443.Damon, Hernández, et al., 2002He, 50. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11467.Feger, Brandauer, et al., 200033. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 135. C
CapillaryDB-11453.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySE-301450.Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 198850. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m
CapillarySE-301450.Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 198650. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1444.Chokeprasert P., Charles A.L., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 230C(2min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1474.Demyttenaere, Moriña, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 10C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1474.Demyttenaere, Moriña, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 10C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-301448.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1448.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51468.Jelen H.H., Mirocha C.J., et al., 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(1min) => 5C/min => 230C => 20C/min => 280C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1656.Hymete, Rohloff, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1628.Lago, de Ávila, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1663.Miyazawa, Teranishi, et al., 2003He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1649.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101653.Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 198850. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m
CapillarySupelcowax-101653.Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1646.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Viña and Murillo, 2003
Viña, A.; Murillo, E., Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Columbia, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 5, 744-749, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000500008 . [all data]

da Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 1999
da Silva, M.H.L.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Peperomia pellucida Kunth and P. circinnata link var. circinnata, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 312-314, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<312::AID-FFJ835>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2007
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L., Volatiles emission patterns of different plant organs and pollen of Citrus limon, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 589, 1, 120-124, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2007.02.053 . [all data]

Saroglou, Arfan, et al., 2007
Saroglou, V.; Arfan, M.; Shabir, A.; Hadjipavlou-Litina, D.; Skaltsa, H., Composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Teucrium royleanum Wall. ex Benth growing in Pakistan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 154-157, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1774 . [all data]

Blagojevic, Radulovic, et al., 2006
Blagojevic, P.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Serbian wild-growing Srtemisia absinthium and Artemisia vulgaris, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 13, 4780-4789, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060123o . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 2006, 261, 1-4, 217-228, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0448-3 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004
Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Cotroneo, A.; Russo, M.T., The composition of the volatile fraction and the enantiomeric distribution of five volatile components of faustrime oil (Monocitrus australatica x Fortunella sp. x Citrus aurantifolia), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 328-333, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698734 . [all data]

Mondello, Zappia, et al., 2000
Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Dugo, G., Identification of complex samples by Fast-GC/MS using linear retention indices in conjunction with the MS-library, Proceedings, 23rd ISCC; CD-ROM, 2000, retrieved from http://www.richrom.com/assets/CD23PDF. [all data]

Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappalà, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 2000, 12, 4, 493-501. [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Cotroneo, A.; Lorenzo, D.; Dellacassa, E., Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 7, 2903-2909, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990734z . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Elmore, Erbahadir, et al., 1997
Elmore, J.S.; Erbahadir, M.A.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of dynamic headspace concentration on Tenax with solid phase microextraction for the analysis of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 7, 2638-2641, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960835m . [all data]

Bassole, Ouattara, et al., 2003
Bassole, I.H.N.; Ouattara, A.S.; Nebie, R.; Ouattara, C.A.T.; Kabore, Z.I.; Traore, S.A., Chemical composition and antibacterial activities of the essential oils of Lippia chevalieri and Lippia multiflora from Burkina Faso, Phytochemistry, 2003, 62, 2, 209-212, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00477-6 . [all data]

Pripdeevech and Saansoomchai, 2013
Pripdeevech, P.; Saansoomchai, J., Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of essential oil and various extracts of Fagraea fragrans Roxb. flowers, Chiang Mai J. Sci., 2013, 40, 2, 214-223. [all data]

Magalhaes, Lima, et al., 2010
Magalhaes, L.A.M.; Lima, M. daP.; Marques, M.O.M.; Facanali, R.; Pinto, A.C. daS.; Tadei, W.P., Chemical composition and larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti Larvae of essential oils from four Guarea species, Molecules, 2010, 15, 8, 5734-5741, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15085734 . [all data]

Rali, Wossa, et al., 2007
Rali, T.; Wossa, S.W.; Leach, D.N.; Waterman, P.G., Volatile chemical constituents of Piper aduncum L and Piper gibbilimbum C. DC (Piperaceae) from Papua New Guinea, Molecules, 2007, 12, 3, 389-394, https://doi.org/10.3390/12030389 . [all data]

Ayoub, Al-Azizi, et al., 2006
Ayoub, N.; Al-Azizi, M.; König, W.; Kubeczka, K.-H., Essential oils and a novel polyacetylene from Eryngium yuccifolium Michaux. (Apiaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 864-868, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1631 . [all data]

Ebrahim Sajjadi and Mehregan, 2006
Ebrahim Sajjadi, S.; Mehregan, I., Volatile constituents of flowers and leaves of Anthemis hyalina, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2006, 42, 5, 531-533, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-006-0207-2 . [all data]

Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 2006
Maronigiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Tuveri, E., Extraction of Santalum album and Boswellia carterii Birdw. volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 718-724, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1718 . [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2006
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Marbot, R., Volatile constituents from tea of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), Rev. CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 127-129. [all data]

Rout, Naik, et al., 2006
Rout, P.K.; Naik, S.N.; Rao, Y.R., Composition of the concrete, absolute, headspace and essential oil of the flowers of Michelia champaca Linn., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 906-911, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1742 . [all data]

Tohar, Mohd, et al., 2006
Tohar, N.; Mohd, M.A.; Jantan, I.; Awang, K., A comparative study of the essential oils of the genus Plumeria Linn. from Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 859-863, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1617 . [all data]

Jürgens and Dötterl, 2004
Jürgens, A.; Dötterl, S., Chemical composition of anther volatiles in Ranunculaceae: genera-specific profiles in Aemone, Aquilegia, Caltha, Pulsatilla, Ranunculus, and Trollius species, American Journal of Botany, 2004, 91, 12, 1969-1980, https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.91.12.1969 . [all data]

Lago, de Ávila, et al., 2004
Lago, J.H.G.; de Ávila, P., Jr.; de Aquino, E.M.; Moreno, P.R.H.; Ohara, M.T.; Limberger, R.P.; Apel, M.A.; Henriques, A.T., Volatile oils from leaves and stem barks of Cedrela fissilis (Meliaceae): chemical composition and antibacterial activities, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 448-451, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1347 . [all data]

Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2003
Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Sanz, J., Variations in the essential oil composition of Artemisia pedemontana gathered in Spain: chemotype camphor-1,8-cineole and chemotype davanone, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 1, 77-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00082-0 . [all data]

da Silva, Luz, et al., 2003
da Silva, J.D.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, M.H.L.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Soghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Essential oils of the leaves and stems of four Psidium spp., Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 240-243, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1219 . [all data]

Damon, Hernández, et al., 2002
Damon, A.A.; Hernández, A.S.; Rojas, J.C., Analysis of the fragrance produced by the epiphytic orchid Anathallis (Pleurothallis) racemiflora (orchidaceae) in the Soconusco region, Chiapas, Mexico, Lindleyana, 2002, 17, 2, 93-97. [all data]

Feger, Brandauer, et al., 2000
Feger, W.; Brandauer, H.; Ziegler, H., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of cold-pressed lime oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 4, 281-284, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200007/08)15:4<281::AID-FFJ916>3.0.CO;2-W . [all data]

Binder, Turner, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Comparison of yellow starthistle volatiles from different plant parts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 3, 764-767, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00093a038 . [all data]

Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 1988
Ramaswami, S.K.; Briscese, P.; Gargiullo, R.J.; von Geldern, T., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons: from mass confusion to orderly line-up in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Elsevier, New York, 1988, 951-980. [all data]

Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 1986
Ramaswami, S.K.; Briscese, P.; Gargiullo, R.J.; von Geldern, T., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons: from mass confusion to orderly line-up in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances, and Flavors, Washington, DC, 1986, 951-959. [all data]

Chokeprasert P., Charles A.L., et al., 2007
Chokeprasert P.; Charles A.L.; Sue K.H.; Huang T.C., Volatile components of the leaves, fruits and seeds of wampee [Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels], J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 52-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.07.002 . [all data]

Demyttenaere, Moriña, et al., 2004
Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Moriña, R.M.; De Kimpe, N.; Sandra, P., Use of headspace solid-phase microextraction and headspace sorptive extraction for the detection of the volatile metabolites produced by toxigenic Fusarium species, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1027, 1-2, 147-154, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.08.105 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Mass Spectral Identification. Mono- and Sesquiterpenes, Rastitelnye Resursy (Plant resources), 1996, 34, 1-2, 48-58. [all data]

Jelen H.H., Mirocha C.J., et al., 1995
Jelen H.H.; Mirocha C.J.; Wasowicz E.; Kaminski E., Production of volatile sesquiterpenes by Fusarium sambucinum strans with different abilities to synthesize trichlothecenes, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1995, 61, 11, 3815-3820. [all data]

Hymete, Rohloff, et al., 2007
Hymete, A.; Rohloff, J.; Iversen, T.-H.; Kjosen, H., Volatile constituents of the roots of Echinops kebericho Mesfin, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 35-38, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1746 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Teranishi, et al., 2003
Miyazawa, M.; Teranishi, A.; Ishikawa, Y., Components of the essential oil from Petasites japonicus, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 231-233, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1203 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References