Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Propane, 2-chloro-2-methyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Phase change data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil324.1 ± 0.9KAVGN/AAverage of 14 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus247. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple247.53KN/ADworkin and Guillamin, 1966Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap29.19kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap28.6kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 353. K.; AC
Deltavap29.0 ± 0.1kJ/molCWadsö, Luoma, et al., 1968AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
27.55324.N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
32.3268.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 253. - 358. K. See also Dykyj, 1971.; AC
27.8309.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 295. - 323. K. See also Calero, Valle, et al., 1969.; AC
27.310.N/ACalero, Valle, et al., 1969Based on data from 295. - 323. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
29.1269.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 254. - 324. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
295. - 319.711.0542110.567-221.514Calero, Valle, et al., 1969, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
254. - 324.4.242011281.242-21.795Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
1.89247.8DSCTamarit, López, et al., 2000AC
1.97248.1N/ALange, 1985AC
1.99248.4N/AUrban, Janik, et al., 1972AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.25182.9Dean, 1985CAL
26.82219.3
7.95248.1

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.874182.91crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIDworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2DH
5.883219.25crystaline, IIcrystaline, IDworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2DH
2.071247.53crystaline, IliquidDworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2DH
1.715183.1crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIKushner, Crowe, et al., 1950DH
5.815219.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IKushner, Crowe, et al., 1950DH
2.010248.1crystaline, IliquidKushner, Crowe, et al., 1950DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
10.25182.91crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIDworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2DH
26.83219.25crystaline, IIcrystaline, IDworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2DH
8.37247.53crystaline, IliquidDworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2DH
9.4183.1crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIKushner, Crowe, et al., 1950DH
26.5219.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IKushner, Crowe, et al., 1950DH
8.1248.1crystaline, IliquidKushner, Crowe, et al., 1950DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Dworkin and Guillamin, 1966
Dworkin, A.; Guillamin, M., Specific heat of tert-butyl chloride at low temperature, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1966, 63, 53. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Wadsö, Luoma, et al., 1968
Wadsö, Ingemar; Luoma, Sinikka; Olson, Thomas; Norin, Torbjörn, Heats of Vaporization of Organic Compounds. II. Chlorides, Bromides, and Iodides., Acta Chem. Scand., 1968, 22, 2438-2444, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.22-2438 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1971
Dykyj, J., Petrochemia, 1971, 11, 2, 27. [all data]

Calero, Valle, et al., 1969
Calero, G.C.; Valle, M.M.; Losa, C.G., Rev. Acad. Cienc. Fis. Quim. Nat. Zaragoza, 1969, 24, 2, 137. [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Calero, Valle, et al., 1969, 2
Calero, G.C.; Valle, M.M.; Losa, C.G., Estudio Termodinamico del Sistema 2-Cloro, 2-Metilpropano 2-Bromo, 2-Metilpropano, Rev. Acad. Cienc. Exactas Fis. Quim. Nat. Zaragoza, 1969, 24, 2, 137-158. [all data]

Tamarit, López, et al., 2000
Tamarit, J.Ll.; López, D.O.; Alcobé, X.; Barrio, M.; Salud, J.; Pardo, L.C., Thermal and Structural Characterization of (CH 3 ) 3 CCl, Chem. Mater., 2000, 12, 2, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.1021/cm9911565 . [all data]

Lange, 1985
Lange, N.A., Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 13th Edition, J.A. Dean, ed(s)., McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1985, 1792. [all data]

Urban, Janik, et al., 1972
Urban, S.; Janik, J.A.; Lenik, J.; Mayer, J.; Waluga, T.; Wróbel, S., Calorimetric, dielectric, and infrared investigations of solid t-butyl chloride, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a), 1972, 10, 1, 271-280, https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.2210100132 . [all data]

Dean, 1985
Dean, J.A., Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 1985, McGraw-Hill. [all data]

Dworkin and Guillamin, 1966, 2
Dworkin, A.; Guillamin, M., Chaleur specifique du chlorure de tertiobutyle a basse temperature, J. chim. Phys. physicochim., 1966, 63, 53-58. [all data]

Kushner, Crowe, et al., 1950
Kushner, L.M.; Crowe, R.W.; Smyth, C.P., The heat capacities and dielectric constants of some alkyl halides in the solid state, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 1091-1098. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References