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Trimethylene oxide

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-80.54kJ/molCmDouslin, Scott, et al., 1976ALS
Deltafgas-80.54 ± 0.63kJ/molCmPell and Pilcher, 1965ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-1957.5 ± 0.59kJ/molCmPell and Pilcher, 1965Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = -80.54 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
37.9550.Dorofeeva O.V., 1992p=1 bar. Selected values of Cp(T) coincide with the calorimetric values within 0.3 J/mol*K. The value of -(G-Ho)/T at 298.15 K obtained from absolute intensity measurements in the microwave spectrum [ Curl R.F., 1973] differs by only 0.2 J/mol*K from the value calculated by [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1992, 2]. Discrepancies with the Cp(T) and S(T) values calculated by [ Zurcher R.F., 1955, Zurcher R.F., 1957] amount to 2-10 J/mol*K.; GT
38.53100.
39.96150.
44.30200.
56.38273.15
61.5 ± 2.0298.15
61.94300.
83.97400.
104.24500.
121.31600.
135.52700.
147.44800.
157.53900.
166.121000.
173.471100.
179.771200.
185.201300.
189.881400.
193.931500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
61.20 ± 0.12298.15Hossenlopp I.A., 1981GT
66.66 ± 0.13323.15
72.18 ± 0.14348.15
77.84 ± 0.15373.15
83.34 ± 0.17398.15
88.72 ± 0.18423.15
94.05 ± 0.19448.15
99.08 ± 0.20473.15
103.93 ± 0.21498.15
108.65 ± 0.22523.15

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference
99.6298.Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil323.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil320.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil320.8KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tboil321.65KN/AChan, Zinn, et al., 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tboil320.9KN/AAllen and Hibbert, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus176.15KN/ABrooks and Pilcher, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc507.9KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap30.21kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap29.8kJ/molCHossenlopp and Scott, 1981AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
28.67320.8Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
272. - 342.43.320.2532507.9Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
6.27173.2Handa, 1985Based on data from 85. - 270. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C3H6O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.65 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)801.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity773.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.65PERoszak, Kaufman, et al., 1992LL
9.64 ± 0.05EIHolmes and Lossing, 1991LL
9.6PEAue and Bowers, 1979LLK
9.63PEMollere, 1973LLK
9.668 ± 0.005SHernandez, 1963RDSH
9.679PEAue, Webb, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHO+12.6 ± 0.2?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
CH3O+13.3 ± 0.2?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C2H2+15.2 ± 0.2?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C2H3+14.9 ± 0.3?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C2H4+12.4 ± 0.3?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C2H5+12.6 ± 0.2?EIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C2H6+10.8 ± 0.3COEIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH
C3H5+11.8 ± 0.2OHEIGallegos and Kiser, 1962RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 118713

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Fleming, Anderson, et al., 1959
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 5778
Instrument Hilger fluorite prism vacuum spectrograph
Melting point -97
Boiling point 47.6

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L120.539.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.544.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedSE-30125.543.Casteignau and Halary, 1972Chromosorb P (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApieson L120.542.Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969not specified, not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone553.Farkas, Héberger, et al., 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Douslin, Scott, et al., 1976
Douslin, D.R.; Scott, D.W.; Good, W.D.; Osborn, A.G., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds and thermodynamic properties of fluids, Gov. Rep. Announce. Index U.S., 1976, 76, 97. [all data]

Pell and Pilcher, 1965
Pell, A.S.; Pilcher, G., Measurements of heats of combustion by flame calorimetry. Part 3.-Ethylene oxide, trimethylene oxide, tetrahydrofuran and tetrahydropy, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 71-77. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1992
Dorofeeva O.V., Ideal gas thermodynamic properties of oxygen heterocyclic compounds. Part 1. Three-membered, four-membered and five-membered rings, Thermochim. Acta, 1992, 194, 9-46. [all data]

Curl R.F., 1973
Curl R.F., Determination of thermodynamic functions from absolute intensity measurements in microwave spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 6182-6190. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1992, 2
Dorofeeva O.V., Ideal gas thermodynamic properties of oxygen heterocyclic compounds. Part 2. Six-membered, seven-membered and eight-membered rings, Thermochim. Acta, 1992, 200, 121-150. [all data]

Zurcher R.F., 1955
Zurcher R.F., Vibrational spectra and thermodynamic properties of trimethylene oxide, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1955, 38, 849-865. [all data]

Zurcher R.F., 1957
Zurcher R.F., Raman spectrum, normal coordinate analysis and thermodynamic properties of trimethylene oxide. II, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1957, 40, 89-101. [all data]

Hossenlopp I.A., 1981
Hossenlopp I.A., Vapor heat capacities and enthalpies of vaporization of six organic compounds, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1981, 13, 405-414. [all data]

Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976
Conti, G.; Gianni, P.; Matteoli, E.; Mengheri, M., Capacita termiche molari di alcuni composti organici mono- e bifunzionali nel liquido puro e in soluzione acquosa a 25C, Chim. Ind. (Milan), 1976, 58, 225. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Chan, Zinn, et al., 1960
Chan, S.I.; Zinn, J.; Fernandez, J.; Gwinn, W.D., Trimethylene Oxide. I. Microwave Spectrum, Dipole Moment, and Double Minimum Vibration, J. Chem. Phys., 1960, 33, 1643. [all data]

Allen and Hibbert, 1934
Allen, J.S.; Hibbert, H., Studies on reactions relating to carbohydrates and polysaccharides: xlvii the oxygen valence angle and the structure of glucose and related compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 56, 1398. [all data]

Brooks and Pilcher, 1959
Brooks, J.H.; Pilcher, G., A Simple Melting Point Calorimeter for Moderately Precise Determination of Purity, J. Chem. Soc., 1959, 1959, 1535. [all data]

Hossenlopp and Scott, 1981
Hossenlopp, I.A.; Scott, D.W., Vapor heat capacities and enthalpies of vaporizaiton of six organic compounds, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1981, 13, 405-414. [all data]

Handa, 1985
Handa, Y.P., A calorimetric study of trimethylene oxide and its structure I and structure II clathrate hydrates in the temperature range 85 to 270 K, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 63, 1, 68-70, https://doi.org/10.1139/v85-012 . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Roszak, Kaufman, et al., 1992
Roszak, S.; Kaufman, J.J.; Koski, W.S.; Barreto, R.D.; Fehlner, T.P.; Balasubramanian, K., Experimental and theoretical studies of photoelectron spectra of oxetane and some of its halogenated methyl derivatives, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 7226. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1991
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Ionization energies of homologous organic compounds and correlation with molecular size, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1991, 26, 537. [all data]

Aue and Bowers, 1979
Aue, D.H.; Bowers, M.T., Chapter 9. Stabilities of positive ions from equilibrium gas phase basicity measurements in Ions Chemistry,, ed. M.T. Bowers, 1979. [all data]

Mollere, 1973
Mollere, P.D., The photoelectron spectrum of oxetane: nondegenerate Walsh orbitals in a four-membered heterocycle, Tetrahedron Lett., 1973, 2791. [all data]

Hernandez, 1963
Hernandez, G.J., Vacuum-ultraviolet absorption spectra of the cyclic ethers: trimethylene oxide, tetrahydrofuran, and tetrahydropyran, J. Chem. Phys., 1963, 38, 2233. [all data]

Aue, Webb, et al., 1975
Aue, D.H.; Webb, H.M.; Bowers, M.T., Proton affinities, ionization potentials, and hydrogen affinities of nitrogen and oxygen bases. Hybridization effects, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 4137. [all data]

Gallegos and Kiser, 1962
Gallegos, E.J.; Kiser, R.W., Electron impact spectroscopy of the four- and five-membered, saturated heterocyclic compounds containing nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 136. [all data]

Fleming, Anderson, et al., 1959
Fleming, G.; Anderson, M.M.; Harrison, A.J.; Pickett, L.W., Effect of ring size on the far ultraviolet absorption and photolysis of cyclic ethers, J. Chem. Phys., 1959, 30, 2, 351-354. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Casteignau and Halary, 1972
Casteignau, G.; Halary, J.-L., No. 72 - Identification et dosage par chromatographie en phase gazeuse d'oxetannes disubstitués en 3 et de quelques autres éthers-oxydes, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1972, 1, 420-428. [all data]

Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969
Kurdina, Z.G.; Markovich, V.E.; Sakharov, V.M., Gas chromatography of cyclic O-containing compounds in Gas chromatography, Issue # 10, NIITEKhim, Moscow, 1969, 128-133. [all data]

Farkas, Héberger, et al., 2004
Farkas, O.; Héberger, K.; Zenkevich, I.G., Quantitative structure-retention relationships. XIV. Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices for saturated O-, N-, and S-heterocyclic compounds, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2004, 72, 2, 173-184, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2004.01.012 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References