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Benzo[a]pyrene

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30240.2763.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30240.2764.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30240.2778.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30260.2809.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30260.2813.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30260.2817.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30260.2828.Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
PackedOV-101250.2822.Rudenko, Bulychova, et al., 1984N2; Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-101270.2828.Grimmer and Böhnke, 1972N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-522809.2Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988He, 2. K/min; Column length: 17.5 m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-522778.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522766.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522769.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522769.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522769.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522769.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522790.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522790.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522790.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522790.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522800.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522800.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522800.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522812.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522823.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522824.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-522773.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-522760.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-12798.Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-52838.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52839.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52849.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-52849.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryUltra-12830.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedMethyl Silicone200.453.4Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone260.454.7Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone270.453.9Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone300.455.4Shlyakhov, 1984 

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPE-5453.7Jamoussi, Kanzari, et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min; Tend: 345. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane453.44Skrbic and Onjia, 20062. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane453.40Skrbic and Onjia, 200680. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5454.87Pedersen, Durant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 310. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5454.57Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS454.06Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPTE-5451.88Wang, Jia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 12.5 min
CapillaryHP-5446.90Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5446.94Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5447.00Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5447.05Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5447.06Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5447.13Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5447.44Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5447.45Miao and Wu, 199950. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5452.99Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5453.05Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-54454.18Chen, 19964. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5454.02Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillarySE-52455.41Shaogang and Xiaobai, 199440. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-5440.3Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min
CapillarySPB-5455.8Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB451.0Aceves and Grimalt, 199225. m/0.25 mm/0.13 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5454.5Aceves and Grimalt, 199225. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-52456.4Aceves and Grimalt, 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-54454.3Aceves and Grimalt, 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5452.3Aceves and Grimalt, 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-54454.55Guillén, Blanco, et al., 198920. m/0.22 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-52453.62Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 19883. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 130. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5453.36Sye, Lin, et al., 198830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 80. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5454.57Wise, Benner, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5448.69Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5453.4Quilliam, Lant, et al., 198530. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5454.42Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 325. C
PackedMethyl Silicone451.2Shlyakhov, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillarySE-52454.02Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52453.44Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5440.7Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS455.14Wang, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 258C => 2C/min => 300C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS454.02Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS454.57Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS455.14Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane454.30Skrbic and Onjia, 2006Program: 70 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 4 0C/min -> 310 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS446.2Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5451.34Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryLM-5451.59Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryUltra-1453.4Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryUltra-1453.4Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryUltra-1453.4Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryDB-5453.4Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5451.59Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryLM-5451.92Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5454.75Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillaryDB-5455.33Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillarySE-54453.44Chen, 1996Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52454.02Shaogang and Xiaobai, 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB453.74Bemgard, Colmsjo, et al., 1992Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 140C (2min) => (rapidly) => 200C(2min) => 5C/min => 370C
CapillaryXTI-5454.38Bemgard, Colmsjo, et al., 1992Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Program: 140C (2min) => (rapidly) => 200C(2min) => 5C/min => 370C
CapillarySE-54452.95Guillen, Iglesias, et al., 1992Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5454.33Takada, Onda, et al., 1990He; Program: 70C(2min) => 30C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 310C
CapillaryOV-101451.8Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5453.22Tong, Centen, et al., 1985He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52441.53Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52451.08Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52452.46Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52452.56Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52453.05Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52453.15Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52453.44Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52454.41Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Pozhidaev, Berezkin, et al., 1988
Pozhidaev, V.M.; Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Popova, T.P.; Pozhidaeva, K.A., Retention indices of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on quartz capillary columns with chemically immobilized stationary phases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 43, 1082-1088. [all data]

Rudenko, Bulychova, et al., 1984
Rudenko, B.A.; Bulychova, Z.Yu.; Topunov, V.N.; Itsikson, L.B., Regularities in changes of retention indices for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons depending on their structure and polarity of stationary phase, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1984, 39, 4, 700-706. [all data]

Grimmer and Böhnke, 1972
Grimmer, G.; Böhnke, H., Bestimmung des Gesamtgehaltes aller polycyclischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffe in Luftstaub und Kraftfahrzeugabgas mit der Capillar-Gas-Chromatographie, Z. Anal. Chem., 1972, 261, 4-5, 310-314, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00786987 . [all data]

Beernaert, 1979
Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 173, 1, 109-118, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80450-7 . [all data]

Carugno and Rossi, 1967
Carugno, N.; Rossi, S., Evaluation of polynuclear hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke by glass capillary columns, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.2.103 . [all data]

Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 2003
Dimitriou-Christidis, P.; Harris, B.C.; McDonald, T.J.; Reese, E.; Autenrieth, R.L., Estimation of selected physicochemical properties for methylated naphthalene compounds, Chemosphere, 2003, 52, 5, 869-881, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00288-1 . [all data]

Miao and Wu, 1999
Miao, X.; Wu, F., Study on retention behaviors of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by gas chromatography in different operation models, J. Instrumental Anal., 1999, 15, 4, 288-292. [all data]

Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 1996
Elizalde-González, M.P.; Hutfliess, M.; Hedden, K., Retention index system, adsorption characteristics, and sructure correlations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuels, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 345-352, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190608 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]

Jamoussi, Kanzari, et al., 2007
Jamoussi, B.; Kanzari, F.; Hassine, B.B.; Abderrabba, A., Using Bezier curves for the calculation of retention indices of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the so-called Lee's scale in temperature-programmed gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2007, 45, 1, 22-27, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/45.1.22 . [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 2000, 120, 3/4, 381-396, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005251618062 . [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Chen, 1996
Chen, J., GC and GC/MS methods for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in sediment of the grand canal of China, Toxicol. Environ. Chem., 1996, 54, 1-4, 69-73, https://doi.org/10.1080/02772249609358297 . [all data]

Williams and Horne, 1995
Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1995, 31, 15-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(94)00814-H . [all data]

Shaogang and Xiaobai, 1994
Shaogang, C.; Xiaobai, X., System for calculating the linear temperature-programmed retention indices of polycylic aromatic compounds, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 5, 339-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170511 . [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 642, 1-2, 409-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80106-I . [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]

Aceves and Grimalt, 1992
Aceves, M.; Grimalt, J.O., Gas chromatographic screening of organic compounds in urban aerosols. Selectivity effects in semi-polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 607, 2, 261-270, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)87084-L . [all data]

Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989
Guillén, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 8, 552-554, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120816 . [all data]

Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 1988
Hasegawa, K.; Muragishi, T.; Usami, S., Component analysis of coal-derivated heavy oil. Analysis of carcinogenic components in neutral nonpolar fractions, Nippon Kagaku Kaishi, 1988, 3, 3, 311-320, https://doi.org/10.1246/nikkashi.1988.311 . [all data]

Sye, Lin, et al., 1988
Sye, W.-F.; Lin, C.-L.; Yen, D.-P.; Tsai, C.-S., Polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons formation from luel and additives combustion, J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 1988, 35, 1, 1-11. [all data]

Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 9, 887-894, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00160a012 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
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Notes

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