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1,3,7-Octatriene, 3,7-dimethyl-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1050.Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPTE-51050.Gudzic, Dordevic, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.39 «mu»m, H2, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryDB-51052.Rao, Rout, et al., 2000He, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-1011038.Padrayuttawat, Tamura, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 80. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51050.Rao, Rout, et al., 2000He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51052.Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11057.Rezazadeh, Hamedani, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51049.Rezazadeh, Hamedani, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1050.Alonzo, Saiano, et al., 2001100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-51042.Tzakou, Roussis, et al., 1997He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1011038.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011039.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51039.Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 200C => 30C/min => 300C (3min)
CapillaryVF-5MS1041.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryVF-5MS1041.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryVF-5MS1041.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-5MS1052.Eom S.H., Yang H.S., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 200C(2min) => 15C/min => 300C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51052.Özel, Gögüs, et al., 2006Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1232.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101237.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101239.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1040.Usman, Zubair, et al., 201025. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-51047.Gauvin-Bialecki and Marodon, 200960. m/0.35 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1018.Kim, El-Aty, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-11032.Moody, Gundidza, et al., 2006He, 70. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryDB-51052.Ozel, Gogus, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1046.Petrakis, Roussis, et al., 20053. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1046.Congiu, Falconieri, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1011039.Yang, 2001N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011039.Yang, 2001, 2N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51043.Lis-Balchin and Roth, 2000He, 9. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryHP-11039.Meccia, Rojas, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 25. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1039.50Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51051.Sun and Petracek, 1999H2, 32. C @ 5. min, 7. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySPB-51050.Viallon C., Verdier-Metz I., et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryOV-1011038.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011040.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011038.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011040.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-301040.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30+Igepal1051.Shibamoto and Jennings, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30+Igepal1055.Shibamoto and Jennings, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51049.Courtois, Paine, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryHP-5MS1044.Ning, Zheng, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 180 0C (2 min) 15 0C -> 280 0C
CapillaryCBP-51029.Cheriti, Saad, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 3C/min => 240C => 10C/min => 300C
CapillaryHP-5MS1050.Liu, Song, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1041.Mu, Wang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 300C
CapillaryHP-51043.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryDB-11026.de Lima, Maia, et al., 2006He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5MS1051.Deng, Yao, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 8C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 270C (5min)
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS1031.Iraqi, Vermeulen, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C(2min) => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1041.Deng, Li, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 10C/min => 160C => 12C/min => 300C (5min)
CapillaryMDN-51050.Moretti, Madonia, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) ballistically -> 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-51056.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51043.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51042.Petrakis, Tsitsimpikou, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011038.Yang, 2001N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51033.Storer, Elmore, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryDB-51037.Storer, Elmore, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySF96+Igepal1044.Flath, Altieri, et al., 1984Column length: 152. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Program: 25C(1min) => 5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax1250.Gauvin-Bialecki and Marodon, 200960. m/0.35 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101245.Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1254.Shibamoto and Jennings, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1259.Shibamoto and Jennings, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 2006
Jalali-Heravi, M.; Zekavat, B.; Sereshti, H., Characterization of essential oil components of Iranian geranium oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometric resolution techniques, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1114, 1, 154-163, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.02.034 . [all data]

Gudzic, Dordevic, et al., 2001
Gudzic, B.; Dordevic, S.; Palic, R.; Stojanovic, G., Essential oils of Hypericum olympicum L. and Hypericum perforatum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 3, 201-203, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.978 . [all data]

Rao, Rout, et al., 2000
Rao, Y.R.; Rout, P.K.; Jena, K.S.; Sahu, S.B., Composition of essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt) grown in coastal Orissa, Fafai J., 2000, 2, 4, 29-31. [all data]

Padrayuttawat, Tamura, et al., 1996
Padrayuttawat, A.; Tamura, H.; Yamao, M., A split injection system for the analysis of purge and trap headspace of the volatile components in Citrus sudachi, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 365-369, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190613 . [all data]

Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 2006
Liu J.M.; Nan P.; Tsering Q.; Tsering T.; Bai Z.K.; Wang L.; Liu Z.J.; Zhong Y., Volatile constituents of the leaves and flowers of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. from Tibet, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 435-438, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1607 . [all data]

Rezazadeh, Hamedani, et al., 2006
Rezazadeh, S.; Hamedani, M.P.; Dowlatabadi, R.; Yazdani, D.; Shafiee, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Stachys schtschegleevii Sosn. and Stachys balansae Boiss Kotschy from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 290-293, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1587 . [all data]

Alonzo, Saiano, et al., 2001
Alonzo, G.; Saiano, F.; Tusa, N.; del Bosco, S.F., Analysis of volatile compounds released from embryogenic cultures and somatic embryos of sweet oranges by head space SPME, Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult., 2001, 66, 1, 31-34, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010608417457 . [all data]

Tzakou, Roussis, et al., 1997
Tzakou, O.; Roussis, V.; Loukis, A.; Harvala, C.; Galati, E.M.; Germanò, M.P., Essential oil analysis of Teucrium divaricatum Heldr. ssp. divaricatum growing in Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 2, 113-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199703)12:2<113::AID-FFJ633>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1992, 39, 1, 16-24, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.39.16 . [all data]

Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 2007
Dharmawan, J.; Kasapis, S.; Curran, P.; Johnson, J.R., Characterization of volatile compounds in selected citrus fruits from Asia. Part I: freshly-squeezed juice, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 3, 228-232, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1790 . [all data]

Carasek and Pawliszyn, 2006
Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Screening of Tropical Fruit Volatile Compounds Using Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) Fibers and Internally Cooled SPME Fiber, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8688-8696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0613942 . [all data]

Eom S.H., Yang H.S., et al., 2006
Eom S.H.; Yang H.S.; Weston L.A., An evaluation of the allelopathic potential of selected perennial groundcovers: Foliar volatiles of catmint (Nepeta x faassenii) inhibit seedling growth, J. Chem. Ecol., 2006, 32, 8, 1835-1848, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-006-9112-1 . [all data]

Özel, Gögüs, et al., 2006
Özel, M.Z.; Gögüs, F.; Lewis, A.C., Determination of Teucrium chamaedrys volatiles by using direct thermal desorption-comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1114, 1, 164-169, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.02.036 . [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Liu, S.-E.; Wu, C.-M., Volatile components of salted and pickled prunes (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 1, 140-144, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00067a038 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
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Usman, Zubair, et al., 2010
Usman, L.A.; Zubair, M.F.; Adabayo, S.A.; Oladosu, I.A.; Muhammad, N.O.; Akolade, J.O., Chemical composition of leaf and fruit essential oils of Hoslundia opposita Vahl grown in Nigeria, Americal-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 2010, 8, 1, 40-43. [all data]

Gauvin-Bialecki and Marodon, 2009
Gauvin-Bialecki, A.; Marodon, C., Essential oil of Ayapana triplinervis from Reunion island: a good natural source of thymohydroquinone dimethyl ether, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2009, 36, 11, 853-858, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2008.09.006 . [all data]

Kim, El-Aty, et al., 2006
Kim, M.R.; El-Aty, A.M.A.; Choi, J.-H.; Lee, K.B.; Shim, J.H., Identification of volatile components in Angelica species using supercritical-CO2 fluid extraction and solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Biomedical Chromatography, 2006, 20, 11, 1267-1273, https://doi.org/10.1002/bmc.696 . [all data]

Moody, Gundidza, et al., 2006
Moody, J.O.; Gundidza, M.; Wyllie, G., Essential oil composition of Leucas milanjiana Guerke, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 872-874, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1669 . [all data]

Ozel, Gogus, et al., 2006
Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Comparison of direct thermal desorption with water distillation and superheated water extraction for the analysis of volatile components of Rosa damascena Mill. using GCxGC-TOF/MS, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 566, 2, 172-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.03.014 . [all data]

Petrakis, Roussis, et al., 2005
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Congiu, Falconieri, et al., 2002
Congiu, R.; Falconieri, D.; Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S., Extraction and isolation of Pistacia lentiscus L. essential oil by supercritical CO2, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 4, 239-244, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1095 . [all data]

Yang, 2001
Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 2001, 29, 3, 313-316. [all data]

Yang, 2001, 2
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Lis-Balchin and Roth, 2000
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Meccia, Rojas, et al., 2000
Meccia, G.; Rojas, L.B.; Rosquete, C.; Feliciano, A.S., Essential oil of Croton ovalifolius Vahl from Venezuela, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 144-146, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<144::AID-FFJ882>3.0.CO;2-C . [all data]

Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 1999
Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 1999, 24, 6, 729-732, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1464-1909(99)00073-8 . [all data]

Sun and Petracek, 1999
Sun, D.; Petracek, P.D., Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 5, 2067-2069, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981064k . [all data]

Viallon C., Verdier-Metz I., et al., 1999
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Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1990, 37, 12, 946-952, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.37.12_946 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 1989, 53, 6, 1721-1723, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.53.1721 . [all data]

Alves and Jennings, 1979
Alves, S.; Jennings, W.G., Volatile composition of certain Amazonian fruits, Food Chem., 1979, 4, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(79)90039-6 . [all data]

Shibamoto and Jennings, 1977
Shibamoto, T.; Jennings, W.G., The volatile composition of the leaf oil of California Juniper (J. californica Carr.) in Proceedings of VII International Congress of Essential Oils, October 7-11, 1977, Kyoto, Japan, 1977, 413-418. [all data]

Courtois, Paine, et al., 2009
Courtois, E.A.; Paine, C.E.; Blandinieres, P.-A.; Stien, D.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Houel, E.; Baraloto, C.; Chave, J., Diversity of the volatile organic compounds emitted by 55 species of tropical trees: a survey in French Guiana, J. Chem. Ecol., 2009, 35, 11, 1349-1362, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-009-9718-1 . [all data]

Ning, Zheng, et al., 2008
Ning, H.; Zheng, F.; Sun, B.; Xie, J.; Liu, Y., Solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim., Food Environ. Ind. (Chinese), 2008, 34, 5, 179-184. [all data]

Cheriti, Saad, et al., 2007
Cheriti, A.; Saad, A.; Belboukhari, N.; Ghezali, S., The essential oil composition of Bubonium graveolens (Forssk.) Maire from the algerian Sahara, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 286-288, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1794 . [all data]

Liu, Song, et al., 2007
Liu, L.; Song, G.; Hu, Y., GC?MS Analysis of the Essential Oils of Piper nigrum L. and Piper longum L., Chromatographia, 2007, 66, 9-10, 785-790, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-007-0408-2 . [all data]

Mu, Wang, et al., 2007
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Notes

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