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Phenol, 4-(2-propenyl)-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin P.A. Leclercq, Lab. Instrum. Anal., Tech. Univ. Eindhoven, Netherlands
NIST MS number 221593

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1254.Lalel, Singh, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 310. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1249.Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-11234.Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-11232.Bicchi, Fresia, et al., 199725. m/0.25 mm/0.3 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11234.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11241.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 150. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-11243.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-11249.De Pooter, Omar, et al., 198530. m/0.5 mm/0.8 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2342.Aubert C. and Pitrat M., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryZB-Wax2339.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2340.Aubert, Ambid, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2327.Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2358.Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.3 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2358.Bicchi, Fresia, et al., 199725. m/0.25 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2345.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2345.Coen, Engel, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-11219.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1259.Pripdeevech, Chumpolsri, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51260.Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1258.Cheng, Liu, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-541260.Alma, Ertas, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-51259.Mohottalage, Tabacchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryElite-5MS1255.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51265.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-11229.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 60. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRSL-2001249.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-11233.Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11231.Wong, Lee, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51251.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryRSL-2001249.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11252.Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCBP-11237.Ly, Yamauchi, et al., 200125. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary 1253.Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryZB-1 MS1203.Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryRTX-11214.Dib, Djabou, et al., 201060. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryZB-1 MS1203.Bajpai, Al-Reza, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-5MS1256.Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51214.Kordali, Kotan, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 150C (10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-301238.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCBP-11243.Ly, Yamauchi, et al., 200125. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11237.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2329.Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2346.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2282.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 60. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2329.Lee, Umano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102328.Wong, Lee, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2338.Dregus and Engel, 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillarySupelcowax2324.Näf and Velluz, 1998He, 5. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2320.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2316.Selli, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2300.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5195.7Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003
Lalel, H.J.D.; Singh, Z.; Chye Tan, S., Glycosidically-bound aroma volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit at different stages of maturity, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2003, 29, 2, 205-218, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00250-8 . [all data]

Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 1999
Chassagne, D.; Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Enzymatic hydrolysis of edible Passiflora fruit glycosides, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 3, 281-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00044-8 . [all data]

Bicchi, Rubiolo, et al., 1998
Bicchi, C.; Rubiolo, P.; Marschall, H.; Weyerstahl, P.; Laurent, R., Constituents of Artemisia roxburghiana Besser essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 1, 40-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199801/02)13:1<40::AID-FFJ688>3.0.CO;2-Z . [all data]

Bicchi, Fresia, et al., 1997
Bicchi, C.; Fresia, M.; Rubiolo, P.; Monti, D.; Franz, C.; Goehler, I., Constituents of Tagetes lucida Cav. ssp. lucida essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 1, 47-52, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199701)12:1<47::AID-FFJ610>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Coen, Engel, et al., 1995
Coen, M.; Engel, R.; Nahrstedt, A., Chavicol «beta»-D-glucoside, a phenylpropanoid heteroside, benzyl-«beta»-D-glucoside and glycosidically bound volatiles from subspecies of Cedronella canariensis, Phytochemistry, 1995, 40, 1, 149-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00241-X . [all data]

De Pooter, Omar, et al., 1985
De Pooter, H.L.; Omar, M.N.; Coolsaet, B.A.; Schamp, N.M., The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia Galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochemistry, 1985, 24, 1, 93-96, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80814-6 . [all data]

Aubert C. and Pitrat M., 2006
Aubert C.; Pitrat M., Volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of Queen Anne's pocket melon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 21, 8177-8182, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061415s . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Aubert, Ambid, et al., 2003
Aubert, C.; Ambid, C.; Baumes, R.; Günata, Z., Investigation of bound aroma constituents of yellow-fleshed nectarines (Prunus persica L. Cv. Springbright). Changes in bound aroma profile during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 21, 6280-6286, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034613h . [all data]

Dib, Djabou, et al., 2010
Dib, M.ElA.; Djabou, N.; Desjobert, L.-M.; Allali, H.; Tabti, B.; Muselli, A.; Costa, J., Characterization of volatile compounds of Daucus crinitus Desf. headspace solid phase microextraction as alternative technique to hydrodistillation, Chem, Centr. J., 2010, 4, 16, 1-15. [all data]

Pripdeevech, Chumpolsri, et al., 2010
Pripdeevech, P.; Chumpolsri, W.; Suttiarporn, P.; Wongpornchai, S., The chemical composition and antioxidant activities of Basil from Thailand using retention indices and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Seb. Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 11, 1503-1513, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100203125P . [all data]

Bousaada, Ammar, et al., 2008
Bousaada, O.; Ammar, S.; Saidana, D.; Chriaa, J.; Chraif, I.; Daami, M.; Helal, A.N.; Mighri, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile components from capitula and aerial parts of Rhaponticum acaule DC growing wild in Tunisia, Microbiol. Res., 2008, 163, 1, 87-95, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2007.02.010 . [all data]

Cheng, Liu, et al., 2008
Cheng, S.-S.; Liu, J.-Y.; Lin, C.-Y.; Hsui, Y.-R.; Lu, M.-C.; Wu, W.-J.; Chang, S.-T., Terminating red imported fire ants using Cinnamomum osmophloeum leaf essential oil, Bioresour. Technol., 2008, 99, 4, 889-893, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.01.039 . [all data]

Alma, Ertas, et al., 2007
Alma, M.H.; Ertas, M.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H., Chemical composition and content of essential oil from the bud of cultivated Turkish clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.), BioResources, 2007, 2, 2, 265-269. [all data]

Mohottalage, Tabacchi, et al., 2007
Mohottalage, S.; Tabacchi, R.; Guerin, P.M., Components from Sri Lankan Piper betle L. leaf oil and their analogues showing toxicity against the housefly, Musca domestica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 130-138, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1770 . [all data]

Tava, Pecetti, et al., 2007
Tava, A.; Pecetti, L.; Ricci, M.; Pagnotta, M.A.; Russi, L., Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (Fabaceae) from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 363-370, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1806 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 2005
Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Perichet, C.; Delbecque, C.; Arnaudo, J.-F., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Turkish and Honduras Styrax, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 70-73, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1370 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Stoyanova, A.; Georgiev, E.V.; Damianova, S.T., Composition, quality control and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of cumin (Cuminum cyminumL.) seeds from Bulgaria that had been stored for up to 36 years, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2005, 40, 3, 305-310, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.00915.x . [all data]

Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 2005
Srivastava, A.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V., Bud and leaf essential oil composition of Syzygium aromaticum from India and Madagascar, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 51-53, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1364 . [all data]

Wong, Lee, et al., 2005
Wong, K.C.; Lee, B.C.; Lam, N.F.; Ibrahim, P., Essential oils of the rhizomes of Alpinia conchigera Griff. and Alpinia latilabris Ridl., Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 4, 431-433, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1458 . [all data]

Tellez, Khan, et al., 2004
Tellez, M.R.; Khan, I.A.; Schaneberg, B.T.; Crockett, S.L.; Rimando, A.M.; Kobaisy, M., Steam distillation-solid-phase microextraction for the detection of Ephedra sinica in herbal preparations, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1025, 1, 51-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)01035-5 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Stoyanova, A.S.; Georgiev, E.V.; Damianova, S.T., Composition, quality control, and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of long-time stored dill (Anethum graveolens L.) seeds from Bulgaria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3854-3857, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030004y . [all data]

Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2003
Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Sanz, J., Variations in the essential oil composition of Artemisia pedemontana gathered in Spain: chemotype camphor-1,8-cineole and chemotype davanone, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 1, 77-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00082-0 . [all data]

Ly, Yamauchi, et al., 2001
Ly, T.N.; Yamauchi, R.; KAto, K., Volatile components of the essential oils in Galanga (Alpina officinarum Hance) from Vietnam, Food Sci. Technol. Res., 2001, 7, 4, 303-306, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.7.303 . [all data]

Brandi, Bar, et al., 2011
Brandi, F.; Bar, E.; Mourgues, F.; Horvath, G.; Turcsi, E.; Giuliano, G.; Liverani, A.; Tartarini, S.; Lewinsohn, E.; Rosati, C., Study of Redhaven peach and its white-fleshed mutant suggests a key role of CCD4 carotenoid dioxygenase in carotenoid and norisoprenoid volatile metabolism, BMC Plant Biol., 2011, 11, 24, 1-14. [all data]

Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2010
Al-Reza, S.M.; Rahman, A.; Lee, J.; Kang, S.C., Potential roles of essential oil and organic extracts of Zizyphus jujuba in inhibiting food-borne pathogens, Food Chem., 2010, 119, 3, 981-986, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.07.059 . [all data]

Bajpai, Al-Reza, et al., 2009
Bajpai, V.K.; Al-Reza, S.M.; Choi, U.L.; Lee, J.H.; Kang, S.C., Chemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of leaf essential oil and extracts of Metasequioa glyptostroboides Miki ex Hu, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2009, 47, 8, 1876-1883, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2009.04.043 . [all data]

Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007
Polzin, G.M.; Stanfill, S.B.; Brown, C.R.; Ashley, D.L.; Watson, C.H., Determination of eugenol, anethole, and coumarin in the mainstream cigarette smoke of Indonesian clove cigarettes, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2007, 45, 10, 1948-1953, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.04.012 . [all data]

Kordali, Kotan, et al., 2005
Kordali, S.; Kotan, R.; Mavi, A.; Cakir, A.; Ala, A.; Yildirim, A., Determination of the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Artemisia dracunculus and of the antifungal and antibacterial activities of Turkish Artemisia absinthium, A. dracunculus, Artemisia santonicum, and Artemisia spicigera essential oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 9452-9458. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2001, 13, 5, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2001.9712222 . [all data]

Lee, Umano, et al., 2005
Lee, S.-J.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T.; Lee, K.-G., Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 131-137, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.056 . [all data]

Dregus and Engel, 2003
Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6530-6536, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030399l . [all data]

Näf and Velluz, 1998
Näf, R.; Velluz, A., Phenols and lactones in Italo-Mitcham peppermint oil Mentha × piperita L., Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 203-208, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<203::AID-FFJ725>3.0.CO;2-0 . [all data]

Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 1998
Werkhoff, P.; Güntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1076-1093, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970655s . [all data]

Selli, 2007
Selli, S., Volatile constituents of orange obtained from moro oranges (Citrus Sinensis L. Osbeck), J. Food Quality, 2007, 30, 3, 330-341, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4557.2007.00124.x . [all data]

Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2007, 79, 1-2, 215-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.12.004 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References