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Apocynin


Phase change data

Go To: Top, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil570.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989 

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference
537.20.022Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 352840

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1180.1503.Radecki and Grzybowski, 1978Chromosorb W HMDS (100-120 mesh); Column length: 2.1 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-11447.Nagarajan, Rao, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51480.de Marchese, de Heluani, et al., 2007He; Program: 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 100C => 1C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1491.Lalel, Singh, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 310. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1496.Tret'yakov, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryLM-51498.7Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax2676.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min, 210. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2620.Bureau, Baumes, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2620.Bureau, Razungles, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax2667.Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2606.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1539.Xu, Han, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-51498.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1539.Xu, Han, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51484.Güntert, Rapp, et al., 198630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1497.Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1485.Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 30 0C/min -> 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min)
CapillaryZB-51487.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryHP-51490.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51491.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51483.Santos, Santiago, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 17 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-51482.Garneau, Bouhajib, et al., 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2664.Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 100. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2640.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102638.Miranda-López, Libbey, et al., 199260. m/0.75 mm/1. «mu»m, 80. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102640.Miranda-López, Libbey, et al., 199260. m/0.75 mm/1. «mu»m, 80. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax2667.Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2664.Loscos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 90 0C 2 0C/min -> 230 0C (37 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2664.Loskos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 10C/min => 90C => 2C/min => 230C (37min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2623.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB2637.Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C
CapillarySupelcowax2626.Garneau, Bouhajib, et al., 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-102640.Miranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 199230. m/0.53 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 80C(5min) => 5C/min => 155C => 4C/min => 240C(30min)

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Radecki and Grzybowski, 1978
Radecki, A.; Grzybowski, J., Linear relationship between retention indices and chemical structure of phenols, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 152, 1, 211-213, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85352-2 . [all data]

Nagarajan, Rao, et al., 2001
Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Guirudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight Arn), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 27-29, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<27::AID-FFJ937>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]

de Marchese, de Heluani, et al., 2007
de Marchese, M.J.A.; de Heluani, C.S.; Catalán, C.A.N.; Griffin, C.A.; Vaughn, J.B., Jr.; Herz, W., Incisol, an alcohol with a novel sesquiterpene skeleton from Xenophyllum incisum, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 3, 169-175, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.10.006 . [all data]

Lalel, Singh, et al., 2003
Lalel, H.J.D.; Singh, Z.; Chye Tan, S., Glycosidically-bound aroma volatile compounds in the skin and pulp of 'Kensington Pride' mango fruit at different stages of maturity, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2003, 29, 2, 205-218, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00250-8 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2008
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2008. [all data]

Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 2002
Ré-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M.R., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and methoxylated phenols in wood smoke emitted during production of charcoal, Chromatographia, 2002, 55, 7/8, 475-481, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492280 . [all data]

Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 2007
Botelho, G.; Caldeira, I.; Mendes-Faia, A.; Clímaco, M.C., Evaluation of two quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry methods for clonal red wines differentiation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 414-420, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1815 . [all data]

Bureau, Baumes, et al., 2000
Bureau, S.M.; Baumes, R.L.; Razungles, A.J., Effects of vine or bunch shading on the glycosylated flavor precursors in grapes of Vitis vinifera L. Cv. Syrah, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1290-1297, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990507x . [all data]

Bureau, Razungles, et al., 2000
Bureau, S.M.; Razungles, A.R.; Baumes, R.L., The aroma of Muscat of Frontignan grapes: effect of the light environment of vine or bunch on volatiles and glycoconjugates, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 80, 14, 2012-2020, https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0010(200011)80:14<2012::AID-JSFA738>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 2006
Natali N.; Chinnici F.; Riponi C., Characterization of volatiles in extracts from oak chips obtained by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 21, 8190-8198, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0614387 . [all data]

Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 2001
Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amadò, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2001, 212, 6, 648-657, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100305 . [all data]

Xu, Han, et al., 2012
Xu, L.-L.; Han, T.; Wu, J.-Z.; Zhang, Q.-Y.; Zhang, H.; Huang, B.-K.; Rahman, K., Comparative research of chemical constituents, antifungal and antitumor properties of ether extracts of Panax ginseng and its endophytic fungus, 2012, retrieved from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Comparative .... [all data]

Harrison and Priest, 2009
Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 6, 2385-2391, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803556y . [all data]

Xu, Han, et al., 2009
Xu, L.-L.; Han, T.; Wu, J.-Z.; Zhang, Q.-Y.; Zhang, H.; Huang, B.-K.; Rahman, K., Comparative research of chemical constituents, antifungal and antitumor properties of ether extracts of Panax ginseng and its endophytic fungus, Phytomedicine: Int. J. Phytotherapy Phytopharmacology, 2009, 16, 6-7, 609-616, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2009.03.014 . [all data]

Güntert, Rapp, et al., 1986
Güntert, M.; Rapp, A.; Takeoka, G.R.; Jennings, W., HRGC and HRGC-MS applied to wine constituents of lower volatility, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1986, 182, 3, 200-204, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01042128 . [all data]

Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 2012
Souza, J.B.G.; Re-Poppi, N.; Raposo, J.L.(Jr)., Characterization of pyroligneous acid used in agriculture by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (in press), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2012, 00, 00, 1-8. [all data]

Grzeszczuk, Wesolowska, et al., 2011
Grzeszczuk, M.; Wesolowska, A.; Jadczak, D.; Jakubowska, B., Nutritional value of Chili edible flowers, Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2011, 10, 2, 85-94. [all data]

de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009
de Simon, B.F.; Estruelas, E.; Munoz, A.M.; Cadahia, E.; Sanz, M., Volatile compounds in acacia, chestnut, cherry, ash, and oak woods, with a view to their use in cooperage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 8, 3217-3227, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803463h . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Santos, Santiago, et al., 2007
Santos, H.S.; Santiago, G.M.P.; de Oliveira, J.P.P.; Arriaga, A.M.C.; Marques, D.D.; Lemos, T.L.G., Chemical composition and larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti of essential oils from Croton zehntneri, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1233-1236. [all data]

Garneau, Bouhajib, et al., 1994
Garneau, F.X.; Bouhajib, M.; Collin, G.J.; Gagnon, M.; ApSimon, J.W., The glycosidically bound volatile compounds of Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P., J. Essent. Oil Res., 1994, 6, 1, 43-46, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1994.9698323 . [all data]

Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 2006
Ibarz, M.J.; Ferreira, V.; Hernández-Orte, P.; Loscos, N.; Cacho, J., Optimization and evaluation of a procedure for the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of the aromas generated by fast acid hydrolysis of flavor precursors extracted from grapes, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1116, 1-2, 217-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.020 . [all data]

Lee and Noble, 2003
Lee, S.-J.; Noble, A.C., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Californian Chardonnay wines using GC-olfactometry and GC-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 27, 8036-8044, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034747v . [all data]

Miranda-López, Libbey, et al., 1992
Miranda-López, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Research note. Identificatiohn of additional odor-active compounds in Pinot noir wines, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 1992, 43, 1, 90-92. [all data]

Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009
Chinnici, F.; Guerrero, E.D.; Sonni, F.; Natali, N.; Marin, R.N.; Riponi, C., Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) characterization of volatile compounds in quality vinegars with protected Europian geographical indication, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4784-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf804005w . [all data]

Loscos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 2009
Loscos, N.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Fate of grape flavor precursors during storage on yeast lees, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 12, 5468-5479, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf804057q . [all data]

Loskos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 2007
Loskos, N.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Release and formation of varietal aroma compounds during alcoholic fermentation from nonfloral grape odorless flavor precursors fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 16, 6674-6684, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0702343 . [all data]

Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 2007, 33, 10, 143-147. [all data]

Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995
Carro Marino, N.; López Tamames, E.; García Jares, C.M., Contribution to the study of the aromatic potential of three muscat Vitis vinifera varieties: identification of new compounds, Food Sci. Technol. Int., 1995, 1, 2-3, 105-116, https://doi.org/10.1177/108201329500100206 . [all data]

Miranda-Lopez, Libbey, et al., 1992
Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Odor analysis of Pinot noir wines from grapes of different maturities by a gas chromatography-olfactometry technique (Osme), J. Food Sci., 1992, 57, 4, 985-993, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1992.tb14339.x . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References