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Benzofuran, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-3,6-dimethyl-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1157.9Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11147.Bicchi, Frattini, et al., 198823. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11147.Dwivedi, Khan, et al., 200425. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 5C/min => 220C(5min) => 3C/min => 245C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51142.Roscigno, 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C (60min) => 2C/min => 270C => 1C/min => 290C
CapillarySF-961147.Malingré and Maarse, 1974Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M130.1503.Malingré and Maarse, 1974Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-20M1458.Bicchi, Frattini, et al., 198823. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51165.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51165.Emilio Tomei, Manganelli, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51164.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2003He, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-51163.Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 380. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1169.Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySE-521165.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1487.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1487.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1478.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51166.Morteza-Semnani, Saeedi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1169.Bozin, Mimicá-Dukic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1175.Tonzibo, Coffy, et al., 200625. m/0.3 mm/0.15 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51156.Yadegarinia, Gachkar, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11135.Khalighi-Sigaroodi, Hadijiakhoondi, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51163.Sefidkon and Jamzad, 2005He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBPX-51183.Vilaseca, Guy, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51171.Edris and Farrag, 2003He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1011146.Orav and Kann, 2001He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11147.Oberhofer, Nikiforov, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-51187.Vazquez, Demmel, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51164.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51163.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11152.Díaz-Maroto, Castillo, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 70C(3min) => 4C/min => 120C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySE-521164.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51164.Vilaseca, Guy, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301153.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1150.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011155.Shibamoto, 1987Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
PackedOV-1011150.Swigar and Silverstein, 1981N2, Chromosorb G 60-80mesh DMCS; Column length: 2.5 m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1477.Siristova, Prinosilova, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 2.75 min
CapillaryPEG-20M1483.Orav and Kann, 2001He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax1502.Näf and Velluz, 1998He, 5. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1497.Baser, Kirimer, et al., 1997He, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1460.Shibamoto, 19872. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1487.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1503.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1490.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Bicchi, Frattini, et al., 1988
Bicchi, C.; Frattini, C.; Nano, G.M.; D'Amato, A., On column injection-dual channel analysis of essential oils, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 1, 56-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110115 . [all data]

Dwivedi, Khan, et al., 2004
Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha × piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 437-440, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1333 . [all data]

Roscigno, 1998
Roscigno, G., Estrazione supercritica di principi farmaceutici e biopesticidi, Tesi di Laurea, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Salerno, Italy, 1998, 121. [all data]

Malingré and Maarse, 1974
Malingré, T.M.; Maarse, H., Composition of the essential oil of Mentha aquatica, Phytochemistry, 1974, 13, 8, 1531-1535, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(74)80322-5 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2007
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Bader, A., Essential oils of the aerial parts of three Salvia species from Jordan: Salvia lanigera, S. spinosa and S. syriaca, Food Chem., 2007, 100, 2, 732-735, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.10.032 . [all data]

Emilio Tomei, Manganelli, et al., 2003
Emilio Tomei, P.; Manganelli, R.E.U.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oil of Mentha microphylla from the Gennargentu Mountains (Sardinia, Italy), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 12, 3614-3617, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026091w . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2003
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Azarpira, A.; Tabaei, S.M.H., Composition of the essential oil of Stachys setifera C.A. Mey ssp. iranica growing in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 299-300, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1165 . [all data]

Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 2001
Couladis, M.; Tsortanidou, V.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Harvala, C., Composition of the essential oils of Argyranthemum species growing in the Canary Islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.954 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/Brands/SupelcoHome/TheReporter.html. [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2001
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M.; Bonaccorsi, I., SPME-GC-MS analysis of honey volatile components for the characterization of different floral origin, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 2001, 33, 15, 18-21. [all data]

Morteza-Semnani, Saeedi, et al., 2007
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M.; Akbarzadeh, M., Essential oil composition of Teucrium scordium L., Acta Pharm., 2007, 57, 4, 499-504, https://doi.org/10.2478/v10007-007-0040-6 . [all data]

Bozin, Mimicá-Dukic, et al., 2006
Bozin, B.; Mimicá-Dukic, N.; Simin, N.; Anackov, G., Characterization of the volatile composition of essential oils of some lamiaceae spices and the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the entire oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 5, 1822-1828, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051922u . [all data]

Tonzibo, Coffy, et al., 2006
Tonzibo, Z.F.; Coffy, A.A.; Chalachat, J.C.; N'guessan, Y.T., Chemical composition of essential oils of Hoslundia opposita Vahl. from Ivory Coast., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 789-791, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1715 . [all data]

Yadegarinia, Gachkar, et al., 2006
Yadegarinia, D.; Gachkar, L.; Rezaei, M.B.; Taghizadeh, M.; Astaneh, S.A.; Rasooli, I., Biochemical activities of Iranian Mentha piperita L. and Myrtus communis L. essential oils, Phytochemistry, 2006, 67, 12, 1249-1255, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.04.025 . [all data]

Khalighi-Sigaroodi, Hadijiakhoondi, et al., 2005
Khalighi-Sigaroodi, F.; Hadijiakhoondi, A.; Shahverdi, A.R.; Mozaffarian, V.-A.; Shafiee, A., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Ferulago Bernardii Tomk. and M.Pimen., DARU, 2005, 13, 3, 100-104. [all data]

Sefidkon and Jamzad, 2005
Sefidkon, F.; Jamzad, Z., Chemical composition of the essential oil of three Iranian Satureja species (S. mutica, S. macrantha and S. intermedia), Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.027 . [all data]

Vilaseca, Guy, et al., 2004
Vilaseca, A.; Guy, I.; Charles, B.; Guinaudeau, H.; de Arias, A.R.; Fournet, A., Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of Hedeoma mandoniana essential oils, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 380-383, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698749 . [all data]

Edris and Farrag, 2003
Edris, A.E.; Farrag, E.S., Antifungal activity of peppermint and sweet basil essential oils and their major aroma constituents on some plant pathogenic fungi from the vapor phase, Nahrung/Food, 2003, 47, 2, 117-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/food.200390021 . [all data]

Orav and Kann, 2001
Orav, A.; Kann, J., Determination of peppermint and orange aroma compounds in food and beverages, Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 2001, 50, 4, 217-225. [all data]

Oberhofer, Nikiforov, et al., 1999
Oberhofer, B.; Nikiforov, A.; Buchbauer, G.; Jirovetz, L.; Bicchi, C., Investigation of the alteration of the composition of various essential oils used in aroma lamp applications, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 293-299, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<293::AID-FFJ829>3.0.CO;2-T . [all data]

Vazquez, Demmel, et al., 2011
Vazquez, A.M.; Demmel, G.I.; Criado, S.G.; Aimar, M.L.; Cantero, J.; Rossi, L.I.; Velasco, M.I., Phytochemistry of TAgetes minuta L. (Asteraceae) from Cordoba, Argentina: comparative study between essential oil and HS-SPME analyses, Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas, 2011, 10, 4, 351-362. [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Díaz-Maroto, Castillo, et al., 2007
Díaz-Maroto, M.C.; Castillo, N.; Castro-Vázquez, L.; González-Viñas, M.A.; Pérez-Coello, M.S., Volatile composition and olfactory profile of pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) plants, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 114-118, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1766 . [all data]

Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006
Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 2006, 78, 13, 1419-1432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.020 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1997
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Spectral Identificaiton. Oxsigenated derivatives of Mono- and Sesquiterpene Hydrocarbons, Rastit, Resursy (Rus.), 1997, 33, 1, 16-28. [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Swigar and Silverstein, 1981
Swigar, A.A.; Silverstein, R.M., Monoterpenes, Aldrich Chemical Company, Milwaukee, WI, USA, 1981, 130. [all data]

Siristova, Prinosilova, et al., 2012
Siristova, L.; Prinosilova, S.; Riddellova, K.; Hajslova, J.; Malzoch, K., Changes in quality parameters of vodka filtered through activated charcoal, Czech J. Food Sci., 2012, 30, 5, 474-482. [all data]

Näf and Velluz, 1998
Näf, R.; Velluz, A., Phenols and lactones in Italo-Mitcham peppermint oil Mentha × piperita L., Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 203-208, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<203::AID-FFJ725>3.0.CO;2-0 . [all data]

Baser, Kirimer, et al., 1997
Baser, K.H.C.; Kirimer, N.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Micromeria dolichodontha P. H. Davis, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 4, 289-291, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199707)12:4<289::AID-FFJ640>3.0.CO;2-A . [all data]

Editorial paper, 2005
Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 2005, 16, 5, 12-12. [all data]


Notes

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