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Thymoquinone


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1260.Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-11216.Bendahou, Muselli, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1252.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-11251.Senatore, Lentini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 270. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51249.Economakis, Skaltsa, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1252.Hudaib, Speroni, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-1011222.Milos and Radonic, 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51252.Cao, Li, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1246.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1253.Hudaib and Aburjai, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11239.Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51250.Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51250.Mirza, Navaei, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-51250.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1236.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51258.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51248.Sefidkon and Jamzad, 2005He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51252.Skoula and Grayer, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1244.Hajhashemi V., Ghannadi A., et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-51242.Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11226.Rasooli and Mirmostafa, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySPB-51245.Cornu, Carnat, et al., 2001He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryHP-1011220.Milso, Mastelic, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51249.Cao, Li, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51276.Jordan, Martinez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-11210.Belhattab, Larous, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C(10min)
CapillaryHP-51276.Sotomayor, Martínez, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51276.Jordán, Martínez, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (4min) => 1C/min => 64C => 2.5C/min => 155C => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1228.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1997N2; Column length: 25. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 2006
Hazzit, M.; Baaliouamer, A.; Faleiro, M.L.; Miguel, M.G., Composition of the Essential Oils of Thymus and Origanum Species from Algeria and Their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6314-6321, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0606104 . [all data]

Bendahou, Muselli, et al., 2008
Bendahou, M.; Muselli, A.; Grignon-Dubois, M.; Benyoucef, M.; Desjobert, J.-M.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Costa, J., Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Origanum glandulosum Desf. essential oil and extract obtained by microwave extraction: Comparison with hydrodistillation, Food Chem., 2008, 106, 1, 132-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.05.050 . [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Senatore, Lentini, et al., 2003
Senatore, F.; Lentini, F.; Venza, F.; Bruno, M.; Napolitano, F., Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Anisochilus carnosus (Linn. fil.) Benth., a Tamil plant acclimatized in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 202-204, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1183 . [all data]

Economakis, Skaltsa, et al., 2002
Economakis, C.; Skaltsa, H.; Demetzos, C.; Sokovic, M.; Thanos, C.A., Effect of phosphorus concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves and bracts of Origanum dictamnus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 22, 6276-6280, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0203444 . [all data]

Hudaib, Speroni, et al., 2002
Hudaib, M.; Speroni, E.; di Pietra, A.M.; Cavrini, V., GC/MS evaluation of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil composition and variations during the vegetative cycle, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 2002, 29, 4, 691-700, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0731-7085(02)00119-X . [all data]

Milos and Radonic, 2000
Milos, M.; Radonic, A., Gas chromatography mass spectral analysis of free and glycosidically bound volatile compounds from Juniperus oxycedrus L. growing wild in Croatia, Food Chem., 2000, 68, 3, 333-338, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(99)00192-2 . [all data]

Cao, Li, et al., 2011
Cao, H.; Li, Z.; Chen, X., QSRR study of GC retention indices of volatile compounds emitted from Mosla chinensis Maxim. by multiply linear regression, Chin. J. Chem., 2011, 29, 10, 2187-2196, https://doi.org/10.1002/cjoc.201180379 . [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

Hudaib and Aburjai, 2007
Hudaib, M.; Aburjai, T., Volatile components of Thymus vulgaris L. from wild-growing and cultivated plants in Jordan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 322-327, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1800 . [all data]

Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 2007
Pala-Paul, J.; Brophy, J.J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Usano, J.; Soria, S.C., Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium corniculatum Lam. (Apiaceae) from Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1175, 2, 289-293, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.061 . [all data]

Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 2006
Havlik, J.; Kokoska, L.; Vasickova, S.; Valterova, I., Chemical composition of essential oil from the seeds of Nigella arvensis L. and assessment of its actimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 713-717, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1713 . [all data]

Mirza, Navaei, et al., 2006
Mirza, M.; Navaei, M.N.; Dini, M., Volatile constituents of essential oils isolated from flowers and leaves of Eupatorium cannabinum L. from Iran, Iranian J. Pharmaceutical Res., 2006, 2, 149-152. [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2006
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Marbot, R., Volatile constituents from tea of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), Rev. CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 127-129. [all data]

Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 2006
Tigrine-Kordiani, N.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Abalysis by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry of the essential oil of Zygophyllum album L., an aromatic and medicinal plant growing in Algeria, Int. J. Aromatherapy, 2006, 16, 3-4, 187-191, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.008 . [all data]

Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 2005
Figuérédo, G.; Cabassu, P.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Pasquier, B., Studies of Mediterranean oregano populations- V. Chemical composition of essential oils of oregano: Origanum syriacum L. var. bevanii (Holmes) Ietswaart, O. syriacum L. var. sinaicum (Boiss.) Ietswaart, and O. syriacum L. var. syriacum from Lebanon and Israel, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 164-168. [all data]

Sefidkon and Jamzad, 2005
Sefidkon, F.; Jamzad, Z., Chemical composition of the essential oil of three Iranian Satureja species (S. mutica, S. macrantha and S. intermedia), Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 1-4, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.027 . [all data]

Skoula and Grayer, 2005
Skoula, M.; Grayer, R.J., Volatile oils of Coridothymus capitatus, Satureja thymbra, Satureja spinosa and Thymbra calostachya (Lamiaceae) from Crete, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 573-576, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1489 . [all data]

Hajhashemi V., Ghannadi A., et al., 2004
Hajhashemi V.; Ghannadi A.; Jafarabadi H., Black cumin seed essential oil, as a potent analgesic and antiinflammatory drug, Phytother. Res., 2004, 18, 3, 195-199, https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1390 . [all data]

Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 2003
Marongiu, B.; Porcedda, S.; Caredda, A.; de Gioannis, B.; Vargiu, L.; la Colla, P., Extraction of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. Oxycedrus essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters and biological activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 390-397, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1224 . [all data]

Rasooli and Mirmostafa, 2003
Rasooli, I.; Mirmostafa, S.A., Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 8, 2200-2205, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0261755 . [all data]

Cornu, Carnat, et al., 2001
Cornu, A.; Carnat, A.-P.; Martin, B.; Coulon, J.-B.; Lamaison, J.-L.; Berdagué, J.-L., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile components from natural grassland plants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 203-209, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0008341 . [all data]

Milso, Mastelic, et al., 1998
Milso, M.; Mastelic, J.; Radonic, A., Free and glycosidically bound volatile compounds from cypress cones (Cupressus Sempervirens L.), Croat. Chem. Acta, 1998, 71, 1, 139-145. [all data]

Jordan, Martinez, et al., 2006
Jordan, M.J.; Martinez, R.M.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A.; Sotomayor, J.A., Seasonal variation of Thymus hyemalis Lange and Spanish Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils composition, Ind. Crops Prod., 2006, 24, 3, 253-263, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2006.06.011 . [all data]

Belhattab, Larous, et al., 2005
Belhattab, R.; Larous, L.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Santos, P.A.G.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G., Origanum glandulosum Desf. grown wild in Algeria: essential oil composition and glycosidic bound volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 209-212, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1387 . [all data]

Sotomayor, Martínez, et al., 2004
Sotomayor, J.A.; Martínez, R.M.; García, A.J.; Jordán, M.J., Thymus zygis Subsp. Gracilis: watering level effect on phytomass production and essential oil quality, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 17, 5418-5424, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0496245 . [all data]

Jordán, Martínez, et al., 2003
Jordán, M.J.; Martínez, R.M.; Cases, M.A.; Sotomayor. J.A., Watering level effect on Thymus hyemalis lange essential oil yield and composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 18, 5420-5427, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034335m . [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1997
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Seelmann, I.; Kaul, V.K., Constituents of the flower essential oil of Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) K. et R. from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 6, 387-396, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199711/12)12:6<387::AID-FFJ677>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]


Notes

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