Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Carotol


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin R RYHAGE MS-LAB KAROLINSKA INSTITUTET STOCKHOLM SWEDEN
NIST MS number 42544

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51597.Moreira, Sousa, et al., 2001H2, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1603.Radusiene, Judzentiene, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 3C/min => 70C => 15C/min => 170C(8min) => 5C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51594.Moreira, Sousa, et al., 2001H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51598.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1594.Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51594.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1596.Afsharypuor and Suleimany, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryBP-11594.Mazzoni, Tomi, et al., 199950. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1612.3Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-202019.Mazzoni, Tomi, et al., 199950. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1594.Phungpanya, Thongpoon, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-11604.Nibret and Wink, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51593.Yassa and Akhani, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.32 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 30. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1595.Ozcan and Chalchat, 2007Helium, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51590.Pontes, de Olivera, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51590.Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 33. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51593.Yassa and Akhani, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.32 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 30. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51596.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryRTX-11587.Kula, Izydorczyk, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1587.Kurowska and Galazka, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51594.Wang, Kong, et al., 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRSL-2001592.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11594.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1574.Li and Jiang, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51596.Lopez Arze, Collin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 33. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1573.Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRSL-2001552.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51591.Sajjadi and Mehregan, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11560.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51592.Ghannadi, Sajjadi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-11600.Bailac, Dellacasa, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 75. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryDB-51600.Abreu and Noronha, 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11568.Mendes, Trindade, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-51594.Pontes, de Olivera, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-51614.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51595.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-102011.Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 33. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102019.Lopez Arze, Collin, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 33. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2033.Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 47. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2024.Abreu and Noronha, 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC2045.Demirci, Temel, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP2045.Tabanca N., Demirci B., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2045.Kürkçüoglu, Hüsnü Can Baser, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2045.Tosun, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax2026.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 2005N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2045.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2014.Reddy, Angers, et al., 199825. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 170C => 8C/min => 240C (12min)

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Moreira, Sousa, et al., 2001
Moreira, D.L.; Sousa, P.O.; Pereira, N.A.; Cardoso, G.L., Effect of leaf essential oil from Piper solmsianum C.DC. in mice behaviour, An. Acad. Bras. Cienc., 2001, 73, 1, 1-7, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652001000100004 . [all data]

Radusiene, Judzentiene, et al., 2005
Radusiene, J.; Judzentiene, A.; Bernotiene, G., Essential oil composition and variability of Hypericum perforatum L. growing in Lithuania, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 2, 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.010 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2007
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Bader, A., Essential oils of the aerial parts of three Salvia species from Jordan: Salvia lanigera, S. spinosa and S. syriaca, Food Chem., 2007, 100, 2, 732-735, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.10.032 . [all data]

Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 2004
Grujic-Jovanovic, S.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Marin, P.; Sokovic, M., Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of six Stachys species from Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 2, 139-144, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1275 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Afsharypuor and Suleimany, 2002
Afsharypuor, S.; Suleimany, M., Volatile oil constituents of Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes seeds, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2002, 14, 1, 18-19, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2002.9699748 . [all data]

Mazzoni, Tomi, et al., 1999
Mazzoni, V.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J., A daucane-type sesquiterpene from Faucus carota seed oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 268-272, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<268::AID-FFJ823>3.0.CO;2-Z . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Phungpanya, Thongpoon, et al., 2012
Phungpanya, C.; Thongpoon, C.; Pripdeevech, P.; Machan, T., Analysis of aroma volatiles from fresh leaves of Plectranthus amboinicus using solid phase microextraction (SPME) technique, Pure and Applied Chemistry International Conference 2012 (PACCON 2012), 2012, 16701672. [all data]

Nibret and Wink, 2009
Nibret, E.; Wink, M., Volatile components of four Ethiopian Artemisia species extracts and their in vitro antipatrypanosomal and cytotoxic activities, Phytomedicine, 2009, 00, 0, 000-000. [all data]

Yassa and Akhani, 2008
Yassa, N.; Akhani, H., The essential oils composition in two species of the genus Eriocycla Lindl. (Apiaceae) from Iran, 2008, retrieved from http://biology.ut.ac.ir/members/akhani/PdfReprintNumber/27.pdf. [all data]

Ozcan and Chalchat, 2007
Ozcan, M.M.; Chalchat, J.C., Chemical Composition od Carrot Seeds (Daucus carota L.) Cultivated in Turkey: Characterization of the Seed Oil and Essential Oil, Grasas y Aceites, 2007, 58, 4, 359-365. [all data]

Pontes, de Olivera, et al., 2007
Pontes, W.J.T.; de Olivera, J.C.G.; da Camara, C.A.G.; Lopes, A.C.H.R.; Gondim Jr.; de Olivera, J.V.; Barros, R.; Schwartz, M.O.E., Chemical composition and acaridical activity of the leaf and fruit essential oils of Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae), Acta Amazonica, 2007, 37, 1, 103-110, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672007000100012 . [all data]

Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 2007
Sylvestre, M.; Pichette, A.; Longtin, A.; Martin, M.-A.C.; Bercion, S.R.; Legault, J., Chemical composition of leaf essential oil of Hedyosmum arborescens and evaluation of its anticancer activity, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1269-1272. [all data]

Yassa and Akhani, 2007
Yassa, N.; Akhani, H., The essential oils composition in two species of the genus Eriocycla Lindl. (Apiaceae) from Iran, 2007, retrieved from http://biology.ut.ac.ir/members/akhani/PdfReprintNumber/27.pdf. [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2006
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Mehdipour, A.R., Composition of the essential oil of Diplotaenia cachrydifolia Boiss. from Iran, J. Ess. Oil Res., 2006, 18, 1, 86-87, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2006.9699393 . [all data]

Kula, Izydorczyk, et al., 2006
Kula, J.; Izydorczyk, K.; Czajkowska, A.; Bonikowski, R., Chemical composition of carrot umbel oils from Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus cultivated in Poland, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 667-669, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1646 . [all data]

Kurowska and Galazka, 2006
Kurowska, A.; Galazka, I., Essential oil composition of the parsley seed of cultivars marketed in Poland, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 143-147, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1548 . [all data]

Wang, Kong, et al., 2006
Wang, P.; Kong, C.H.; Zhang, C.X., Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil from Ambrosia trifida L., Molecules, 2006, 11, 7, 549-555, https://doi.org/10.3390/11070549 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2005
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Stoyanova, A.; Georgiev, E.V.; Damianova, S.T., Composition, quality control and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of cumin (Cuminum cyminumL.) seeds from Bulgaria that had been stored for up to 36 years, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2005, 40, 3, 305-310, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.00915.x . [all data]

Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 2005
Pala-Paul, J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Vadare, J.; Villa, A.M.; Sanz, J.; Brophy, J.J., Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium bourgatii Gouan from Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1074, 1-2, 235-239, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.03.036 . [all data]

Li and Jiang, 2004
Li, R.; Jiang, Z.-T., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Cuminum cyminum L. from China, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 311-313, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1302 . [all data]

Lopez Arze, Collin, et al., 2004
Lopez Arze, J.B.; Collin, G.; Garneau, F.-X.; Jean, F.-I.; Gagnon, H., Essential oils from Bolivia. II. Asteraceae: Ophryosporus heptanthus (Wedd.) H. Rob. et King, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 374-376, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698747 . [all data]

Marongiu, Porcedda, et al., 2004
Marongiu, B.; Porcedda, A.P.S.; Casu, R.; Pierucci, P., Chemical composition of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Schinus molle L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 554-558, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1350 . [all data]

Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 2003
Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Shafi, M.P.; Leela, N.K., Analysis of the essential oils of the leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots of the medicinal plant Alpinia galanga from southern India, Acta Pharm. Hung., 2003, 53, 73-81. [all data]

Sajjadi and Mehregan, 2003
Sajjadi, S.E.; Mehregan, I., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Prangos Asperula Boiss. subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss.) Hernst. et Heyn fruits, 2003, retrieved from http://www1.tums.ac.ir/daru/daru2%2020003/Dr%20Sajadi.PDF. [all data]

Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2003
Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Pérez de Paz, P.L.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Sanz, J., Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oils from the aerial parts of Rutheopsis herbanica (Bolle) Hans. Kunk., gathered in Fuerteventura (Canary Islands), J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 984, 1, 159-162, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01742-9 . [all data]

Ghannadi, Sajjadi, et al., 2002
Ghannadi, A.; Sajjadi, S.E.; Beigihasan, A., Composition of the essential oil of Ferula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss. from Iran, DARU, 2002, 10, 4, 165-167, retrieved from http://www1.tums.ac.ir/daru/Daru4%202002/Ghannadi.PDF. [all data]

Bailac, Dellacasa, et al., 1999
Bailac, P.N.; Dellacasa, A.D.; Duschatzky, C.B.; Firpo, N.; Ponzi, M.I., Composicion del aceite esencial y actividad antimicrobiana de Aloysia gratissima de San Luis - Argentina, An. Asoc. Quim. Argent., 1999, 87, 3/4, 149-153. [all data]

Abreu and Noronha, 1997
Abreu, P.M.; Noronha, R.G., Volatile constituents of the rhizomes of Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K. Schum. from Guinea-Bissau, Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 2, 79-83, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199703)12:2<79::AID-FFJ617>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Mendes, Trindade, et al., 2009
Mendes, M.D.; Trindade, H.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Fontinha, S.S.; Pedro, L.G., Volatile and molecular characterization of two Portuguese endemic species: Angelica lignescens and Melanoselinium decipiens, Biochen. Systematics Ecol., 2009, 37, 2, 98-105, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2008.12.006 . [all data]

Eyres, Dufour, et al., 2005
Eyres, G.; Dufour, J.-P.; Hallifax, G.; Sotheeswaran, S.; Marriott, P.J., Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOFMS), J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 9-10, 1061-1074, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200500012 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001
Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N., Comparison of the essential oils of Glehnia littoralis from Northern and Southern Japan, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5433-5436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010219c . [all data]

Demirci, Temel, et al., 2011
Demirci, B.; Temel, H.E.; Portakai, T.; Kirmizibekmez, H.; Demirci, F.; Baser, K.H.C., Inhibitory effect of Calamintha neleta subsp. glandulosa essential oil on lipoxygenase, Turk. J. Biochem., 2011, 36, 4, 290-295. [all data]

Tabanca N., Demirci B., et al., 2007
Tabanca N.; Demirci B.; Crockett S.L.; Baser K.H.C.; Wedge D.E., Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Arnica longifolia, Aster hesperius, and Chrysothamnus nauseosus essential oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 21, 8430-8435, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071379c . [all data]

Kürkçüoglu, Hüsnü Can Baser, et al., 2006
Kürkçüoglu, M.; Hüsnü Can Baser, K.; Iscan, G.; Malyer, H.; Kaynak, G., Composition and anticandidal activity of the essential oil of Chaerophyllum byzantinum Boiss., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 115-117, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1539 . [all data]

Tosun, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 2006
Tosun, A.; Kürkcüoglu, M.; Dogan, E.; Duman, H.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oil composition of Seseli petraeum M. Bieb. and Seseli andronakii Woron. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 257-259, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1572 . [all data]

Kaya, Demirci, et al., 2001
Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of the essential oil of Stachys iberica subsp. stenostachya growing in Turkey, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2001, 37, 4, 326-328, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013762200024 . [all data]

Reddy, Angers, et al., 1998
Reddy, M.V.B.; Angers, P.; Gosselin, A.; Arul, J., Characterization and use of essential oil from Thymus vulgaris against Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer in strawberry fruits, Phytochemistry, 1998, 47, 8, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(97)00795-4 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References