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Allene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
33.3250.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997Recommended values are in close agreement with those obtained from earlier statistical thermodynamics calculation [ Kilpatrick J.E., 1949].
35.99100.
40.82150.
46.31200.
55.67273.15
59.03298.15
59.28300.
72.09400.
83.00500.
92.07600.
99.73700.
106.3800.
112.0900.
117.01000.
121.41100.
125.21200.
128.51300.
131.41400.
134.01500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
40.63 ± 0.16148.2Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940Please also see Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, 2.
41.49 ± 0.17157.8
47.53 ± 0.19213.1
48.30 ± 0.19218.4
49.02 ± 0.20223.7
53.31 ± 0.21258.0
55.23 ± 0.22272.16
59.33 ± 0.24300.00
63.81 ± 0.26334.00
67.86 ± 0.27366.45

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil240. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus137.1KN/AKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tfus127.KN/ALespieau and Chavanne, 1905Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple136.59KN/APomerantz, Fookson, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc394.KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc52.5barN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
22.6259.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 136. - 274. K.; AC
19.9231.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 193. - 246. K.; AC
21.3223.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 153. - 238. K.; AC
22.9174.N/ALamb and Roper, 1940Based on data from 138. - 189. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
20.9220.MMLivingston and Heisig, 1930Based on data from 203. - 236. K.; AC
21.5245.N/AMaass and Wright, 1921Based on data from 200. - 260. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
152.5 - 238.3.79809755.286-39.159Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H3- + Hydrogen cation = Allene

By formula: C3H3- + H+ = C3H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1590. ± 8.4kJ/molD-EARobinson, Polak, et al., 1995gas phase; Neutral acid: allene. Propyne would be 1.0 kcal/mol less acidic.; B
Deltar1596. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSRobinson, Polak, et al., 1995gas phase; Relative to MeOH at 375.0; kinetic scheme factors in isomerization; B
Deltar1592. ± 8.8kJ/molD-EAOakes and Ellison, 1983gas phase; Neutral acid: allene. Propyne would be 1.0 kcal/mol less acidic.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1560. ± 13.kJ/molIMRERobinson, Polak, et al., 1995gas phase; Relative to MeOH at 375.0; kinetic scheme factors in isomerization; B
Deltar1556. ± 9.2kJ/molH-TSOakes and Ellison, 1983gas phase; Neutral acid: allene. Propyne would be 1.0 kcal/mol less acidic.; B

2Hydrogen + Allene = Propane

By formula: 2H2 + C3H4 = C3H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-295.1 ± 1.0kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936, 2gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -298.2 ± 0.84 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

(CAS Reg. No. 86046-90-4 bullet 4294967295Allene) + Allene = CAS Reg. No. 86046-90-4

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 86046-90-4 bullet 4294967295C3H4) + C3H4 = CAS Reg. No. 86046-90-4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62. ± 15.kJ/molTherBartmess and Burnham, 1984gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

(CAS Reg. No. 83268-51-3 bullet 4294967295Allene) + Allene = CAS Reg. No. 83268-51-3

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 83268-51-3 bullet 4294967295C3H4) + C3H4 = CAS Reg. No. 83268-51-3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar106. ± 10.kJ/molN/ABartmess and Burnham, 1984gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

(CAS Reg. No. 1724-46-5 bullet 4294967295Allene) + Allene = CAS Reg. No. 1724-46-5

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 1724-46-5 bullet 4294967295C3H4) + C3H4 = CAS Reg. No. 1724-46-5

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar210. ± 9.2kJ/molN/ABartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Allene = Propyne

By formula: C3H4 = C3H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.8 ± 2.1kJ/molCmCordes and Gunzler, 1959gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -3.4 kJ/mol; ALS

(CAS Reg. No. 86046-88-0 bullet 4294967295Allene) + Allene = CAS Reg. No. 86046-88-0

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 86046-88-0 bullet 4294967295C3H4) + C3H4 = CAS Reg. No. 86046-88-0

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111. ± 39.kJ/molTherBartmess and Burnham, 1984gas phase; Between H2O, MeOH; B

Rh+ + Allene = (Rh+ bullet Allene)

By formula: Rh+ + C3H4 = (Rh+ bullet C3H4)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
222. (+19.,-0.) CIDChen and Armetrout, 1995gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Allene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Allene)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H4 = (Cr+ bullet C3H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar176. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992propyne or allene; RCD

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C3H4+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.692 ± 0.004eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)775.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity745.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.688 ± 0.002PEYang, Wang, et al., 1990LL
10.06PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
9.691 ± 0.004PIStockbauer, McCulloh, et al., 1979LLK
9.696 ± 0.002TEParr, Jason, et al., 1978LLK
9.62 ± 0.02PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
9.62EILossing, 1972LLK
10.017 ± 0.003SIverson and Russell, 1972LLK
9.53 ± 0.03PIMatthews and Warneck, 1969RDSH
9.83PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
9.69PEBaker and Turner, 1969RDSH
9.62 ± 0.04PIParr and Elder, 1968RDSH
10.PELeng and Nyberg, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.2 ± 0.1PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.02PEThomas and Thompson, 1974Vertical value; LLK
10.07PEBrogli, Crandall, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H+16.9 ± 0.1H2+HTEParr, Jason, et al., 1978LLK
C3H+18.56 ± 0.05H2+HEIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C3H2+13.5 ± 0.2H2TEParr, Jason, et al., 1978LLK
C3H2+14.34 ± 0.08H2EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C3H3+11.60 ± 0.01HPIStockbauer and Rosenstock, 1978LLK
C3H3+11.48 ± 0.02?TEParr, Jason, et al., 1978LLK
C3H3+11.47HEILossing, 1972LLK
C3H3+11.48HPIMatthews and Warneck, 1969RDSH
C3H3+11.48 ± 0.02HPIParr and Elder, 1968RDSH
C3H22+32.5 ± 0.2?EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C3H3- + Hydrogen cation = Allene

By formula: C3H3- + H+ = C3H4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1590. ± 8.4kJ/molD-EARobinson, Polak, et al., 1995gas phase; Neutral acid: allene. Propyne would be 1.0 kcal/mol less acidic.; B
Deltar1596. ± 13.kJ/molG+TSRobinson, Polak, et al., 1995gas phase; Relative to MeOH at 375.0; kinetic scheme factors in isomerization; B
Deltar1592. ± 8.8kJ/molD-EAOakes and Ellison, 1983gas phase; Neutral acid: allene. Propyne would be 1.0 kcal/mol less acidic.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1560. ± 13.kJ/molIMRERobinson, Polak, et al., 1995gas phase; Relative to MeOH at 375.0; kinetic scheme factors in isomerization; B
Deltar1556. ± 9.2kJ/molH-TSOakes and Ellison, 1983gas phase; Neutral acid: allene. Propyne would be 1.0 kcal/mol less acidic.; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chromium ion (1+) + Allene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Allene)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H4 = (Cr+ bullet C3H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar176. ± 8.4kJ/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992propyne or allene; RCD

Rh+ + Allene = (Rh+ bullet Allene)

By formula: Rh+ + C3H4 = (Rh+ bullet C3H4)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
222. (+19.,-0.) CIDChen and Armetrout, 1995gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 45

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   D2d     Symmetry Number sigma = 4


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a1 1 CH2 s-str 3015  A 3015.0 gas
a1 2 CH2 scis 1443  A 1442.6 gas
a1 3 CC str 1073  A 1072.6 gas
b1 4 CH2 twist 865  C 865 gas 865 liq.
b2 5 CH2 s-str 3007  A 3006.7 gas
b2 6 CC str 1957  C 1957 gas 1960 liq.
b2 7 CH2 scis 1398  C 1398 gas 1421 liq.
e 8 CH2 a-str 3086  A 3085.5 gas
e 9 CH2 rock 999  A 999.1 gas
e 10 CH2 wag 841  A 840.8 gas
e 11 CCC deform 355  A 355.3 gas

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

A0~1 cm-1 uncertainty
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB20.329.5Do and Raulin, 199225. m/0.15 mm/2. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q100.311.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPoraPLOT Q160.316.Do and Raulin, 198910. m/0.32 mm/10. «mu»m, H2
PackedSqualane27.317.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.318.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.319.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.320.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane26.336.Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966Column length: 10. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1326.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB326.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH337.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1949
Kilpatrick J.E., Heats, equilibrium constants, and free energies of formation of the C3 to C5 diolefins, styrene, and the methylstyrenes, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1949, 42, 225-240. [all data]

Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940
Kistiakowsky G.B., Gaseous heat capacities. II, J. Chem. Phys., 1940, 8, 610-618. [all data]

Kistiakowsky G.B., 1940, 2
Kistiakowsky G.B., The low temperature gaseous heat capacities of certain C3 hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Phys., 1940, 8, 970-977. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of Organic Reactions IV. Hydrogenation of Some Dienes and of Benzene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 146-53. [all data]

Lespieau and Chavanne, 1905
Lespieau, R.; Chavanne, G., Liquefaction of Propadiene and Propyne., C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1905, 140, 1035-1036. [all data]

Pomerantz, Fookson, et al., 1954
Pomerantz, P.; Fookson, A.; Mears, T.W.; Rothberg, S.; Howard, F.L., Synth. and Phys. Prop. of Several Aliphatic and Alicyclic Hydrocarbons hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1954, 52, 59-65. [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 6. Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 645-656. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Lamb and Roper, 1940
Lamb, Arthur B.; Roper, Edwin E., The Vapor Pressures of Certain Unsaturated Hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 4, 806-814, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01861a032 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Livingston and Heisig, 1930
Livingston, Robert; Heisig, G.B., THE VAPOR PRESSURE OF ALLENE AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 6, 2409-2410, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01369a031 . [all data]

Maass and Wright, 1921
Maass, O.; Wright, C.H., SOME PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDROCARBONS CONTAINING TWO AND THREE CARBON ATOMS., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1921, 43, 5, 1098-1111, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01438a013 . [all data]

Robinson, Polak, et al., 1995
Robinson, M.S.; Polak, M.L.; Bierbaum, V.M.; DePuy, C.H.; Lineberger, W.C., Experimental Studies of Allene, Methylacetylene, and the Propargyl Radical: Bond Dissociation Energies, Gas-Phase Acidities, and Ion-Molecule Chemistry, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 25, 6766, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00130a017 . [all data]

Oakes and Ellison, 1983
Oakes, J.M.; Ellison, B.G., Photoelectron spectroscopy of the allenyl anion CH2=C=CH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2969. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936, 2
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. IV. Hydrogenation of some dienes and of benzene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 146-153. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Bartmess and Burnham, 1984
Bartmess, J.E.; Burnham, R., Effect of central substituents on the gas phase acidities of propenes, J. Org. Chem., 1984, 49, 1382. [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Cordes and Gunzler, 1959
Cordes, J.F.; Gunzler, H., Das propin/propadien-gleichgewicht, Chem. Ber., 1959, 92, 1055-1062. [all data]

Chen and Armetrout, 1995
Chen, Y.M.; Armetrout, P.B., Activation of C2H6, C3H8, and c-C3H6 by Gas-Phase Rh+ and the Thermochemistry of Rh-Ligand Complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 36, 9291, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00141a022 . [all data]

Fisher and Armentrout, 1992
Fisher, E.R.; Armentrout, P.B., Activation of Alkanes by Cr+: Unique Reactivity of Ground-State Cr+(6S) and Thermochemistry of Neutral and Ionic Chromium-Carbon Bonds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 6, 2039, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00032a017 . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Yang, Wang, et al., 1990
Yang, Z.Z.; Wang, L.S.; Lee, Y.T.; Shirley, D.A.; Huang, S.Y.; Lester, W.A., Jr., Molecular beam photoelectron spectroscopy of allene, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1990, 171, 9. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Stockbauer, McCulloh, et al., 1979
Stockbauer, R.; McCulloh, K.E.; Parr, A.C., The ionization potential of allene, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1979, 31, 187. [all data]

Parr, Jason, et al., 1978
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Lossing, 1972
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Thomas and Thompson, 1974
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Franklin and Mogenis, 1967
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Stockbauer and Rosenstock, 1978
Stockbauer, R.; Rosenstock, H.M., Kinetic shift in methane allene ion fragmentation, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1978, 27, 185. [all data]

Shimanouchi, 1972
Shimanouchi, T., Tables of Molecular Vibrational Frequencies Consolidated Volume I, National Bureau of Standards, 1972, 1-160. [all data]

Do and Raulin, 1992
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Do and Raulin, 1989
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Hively and Hinton, 1968
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Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966
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Hoekman, 1993
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Bramston-Cook, 2013
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Supelco, 2012
Supelco, CatalogNo. 24160-U, Petrocol DH Columns. Catalog No. 24160-U, 2012, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Supelco/Datasheet/1/w97949.Par.0001.File.tmp/w97949.pdf. [all data]


Notes

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